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Aiye ( Argy Wormwood Leaf)---艾叶

Price:
$7.87
Weight:
1.00 LBS
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Product Description

aiye-yuantai-l.jpg

It is the leaf of Artemisia argyi Levl. et Vant., family Compositae. It is collected during summer when the flower has not blossomed. The impurities removed, it is dried in the sun or in shade. The crude, the pounded into wool or the carbonized can be used.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Bitter, pungent, warm; relate to liver, spleen and kidney meridians.

[ Meidicnal Efficacies ]: Stop bleeding by warming meridians; expel cold and alleviate pain.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Deficiency and coldcausing bleeding       Aiye can warm the meridians and stop bleeding, and is utilized in the treatment of bleeding syndromes due to deficiency and cold, especially for metrorrhagia and metrostaxis. It could be decocted alone or combined with Ejiao, Baishao, Dihuang, such as in JIao' ai Decoction. When combined with Shengdihuang, Shengheye, Shengbaiye, it could be used for bleeding due to blood heat.

2. Irregular menstruation, menstrual pain and abdominal pain and cold      Aiye could relieve pain through warming meridians, especially for irregular menstruation and is the most significant medicinal for asthenia-cold of the lower energizer or cold attacking uterus. It is usually combined with Xiangfu, Danggui, Baishao, such as in Aifu Nuangong Pill.

Aiye could also be made into moxa stick which i put over the acupoints and ignited to promote circulation of qi and the blood in the channels by warming meridians.

[ Usage and Dosage ] ; 3-9g, The appropriate amout for external application. To warm the meridians and stop bleeding, it is better to be stir-baked to charcoal; to disperse cold and relieve pain, better to be used in its raw form.

艾叶为菊科植物艾Artemisia argyi Levl. et Vent.的叶。全国大部分地区均产。以湖北蕲州产者为佳,称“蕲艾”。夏季花未开时采摘,除去杂质,晒干或阴干,生用、捣绒或制炭用。

【药性】辛、苦,温。有小毒。归肝、脾、肾经。        【功效】温经止血,散寒调经,安胎。       
 
【应用】        1.出血证。本品气香味辛,温可散寒,能暖气血而温经脉,为温经止血之要药,适用于虚寒性出血病证,尤宜于崩漏。主治下元虚冷,冲任不固所致的崩漏下血,可单用本品,水煎服,或配阿胶、芍药、干地黄等同用,如胶艾汤(《金匮要略》)。本品温经止血,配伍生地、生荷叶、生柏叶等清热凉血药,可治疗血热妄行所致的吐血、衄血、咯血等多种出血证,如四生丸(《妇人大全良方》)。艾叶之用,既可加强止血,又可防大队寒凉药物而致凉遏留瘀之弊。       
 
 2.月经不调、痛经。本品能温经脉,逐寒湿,止冷痛,尤善调经,为治妇科下焦虚寒或寒客胞宫之要药。常用于下焦虚寒,月经不调,经行腹痛、宫寒不孕及带下清稀等证,每与香附、川芎、白芍、当归等同用,若虚冷较甚者,再配伍吴茱萸、肉桂等,如艾附暖宫丸(《直指方》)。用治脾胃虚寒所致的脘腹冷痛,可以单味艾叶煎服,或以之炒热熨敷脐腹,或配伍温中理气之品。       
 
3.胎动不安。本品为妇科安胎之要药。如《肘后方》以艾叶酒煎服,治疗妊娠卒胎动不安;临床每多与阿胶、桑寄生等同用。       
 
此外,将本品捣绒,制成艾条、艾炷等,用以熏灸体表穴位,能温煦气血,透达经络,为温灸的主要原料。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3~10g。外用适量。温经止血宜炒炭用,余生用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《名医别录》:“主灸百病,可作煎,止下痢,吐血,下部疮,妇人漏血,利阴气,生肌肉,辟风寒,使人有子。”“生寒熟热。主下血,衄血,脓血痢,水煮及丸散任用。”       
2.《药性论》:“止崩血,安胎,止腹痛。止赤白痢及五藏痔泻血。”“长服止冷痢。又心腹恶气,取叶捣汁饮。”       
 
3.《本草纲目》:“艾叶服之则走三阴而逐一切寒湿,转肃杀之气为融和;灸之则透诸经而治百种病邪,起沉疴之人为康泰,其功亦大矣。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品主要为挥发油、倍半萜类、环木菠烷型三萜及黄酮类化合物等。       
 
 2.药理作用:本品能明显缩短出血和凝血时间,艾叶油对多种过敏性哮喘有对抗作用,具有明显的平喘、镇咳、祛痰作用,其平喘作用与异丙肾上腺素相近。体外实验证明,艾叶油对肺炎球菌,甲、乙溶血型链球菌、奈瑟氏球菌有抑制作用,艾叶水浸剂或煎剂对炭疽杆菌、α-溶血性链球菌、β-溶血性链球菌、白喉杆菌,肺炎双球菌、金黄色葡萄球菌及多种致病真菌均有不同程度的抑制作用;另外,对腺病毒、鼻病毒、疮疹病毒、流感病毒、腮腺炎病毒等亦有抑制作用。对子宫平滑肌有兴奋作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:用艾叶100g,加水1000ml,煎取汁,待水温达35~40℃,薰洗皮肤,治疗中期妊娠皮肤瘙痒症9例,全部有效(安徽中医临床杂志,2001,5,354);用鲜艾叶10g,每次加水125ml,2次煎取180ml,趁热加适量冰糖拌溶,凉温后频频喂服,每日1次。共治疗婴幼儿秋季腹泻96例,其中1剂治愈者68例,2剂治愈者21例,3剂治愈者7例(时珍国医国药,1992,3:135);用艾叶100g,炒热,白酒与水各半拌至艾湿润,以不灼手时敷于局部,另用针刺三阴交。共治疗阴缩症75例,均1次见效(新中医,1990,3:17);
 
另据报道,以本品为主还可用治慢性肝炎、肝硬化、慢性气管炎、哮喘、新生儿硬肿症、婴幼儿病毒性肠炎、三叉神经痛、间日疟等。

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