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Ba zhen tang(Eight Treasures Decoction)--- 八珍汤

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【组成】  人参(9g)  白术(9g) 白茯苓(9g)  当归(9g)  川芎(9g)  白芍药(9g)  熟地黄(9g)  炙甘草(5g)
【功用】  益气补血
【主治】  气血两虚证面色苍白或萎黄,头晕目眩,四肢倦怠,气短懒言,心悸怔忡,饮食减少,舌淡苔薄白,脉细弱或虚大无力。
【歌诀】  双补气血八珍汤,四君四物合成方,煎加姜枣调营卫,气血亏虚服之康。

Eight Treasures Decoction ba zhen tang

SOURCE: Key to Classification of Traumatism


Chinese angelica root (mixed with rice wine) l0g,   Chuanxiong rhizome 5g ,  White peony l0g,  Prepared rhizome of rehmannia(mixed with rice wine) 12g ,  Ginseng 6g,  Bighead atractylodes rhizome lOg,   Poria l0g ,  Licorice root 5g

[DIRECTIONS] All the above herbs added fresh ginger 6g and 2 Chinese date are decocted in water for oral administration.

[EFFECTS]: Replenishing qi and the blood.

[INDICATIONS]: Deficiency of both qi and the blood marked by pallor, or sal­low complexion, dizziness, lassitude, shortness of breath, tired to talk, palpitation, poor appetite, pale tongue with thin white coating, thready and feeble pulse.

[ANALYSIS OF FORMULA] This is a common formula for deficiency syn­drome of both qi and the blood. It is composed of Four Gentlemen Decoction and Four Herbs Decoction plus fresh ginger and Chinese date. Ginseng and prepared rhizome of rehmannia are the principal herbs with the effects of replenishing qi and nourishing the blood. Bighead atractylodes rhizome and poria strengthen the spleen and dry dampness, Chinese angelica root and white peony replenish the blood and harmonize nutrient-qi, all of them are assistant herbs. Chuanxiong rhi­zome activates blood circulation and regulates qi, fresh ginger and Chinese date harmonize the spleen and stomach, they are the adjuvant herbs. Licorice root is the dispatcher herb for replenishing qi, harmonizing the middle and regulating all herbs.


(1)      Ten Strong Tonic Herbs Decoction (shi quan da bu tang)---十全大补汤

SOURCE: Formulae of Peaceful Benevolent Dispensary

It is composed of Eight Treasures Decoction plus astragalus root and cinna­mon bark. All herbs are decocted in water for oral administration. Its effects are to replenish qi and tonify the blood. It is indicated for deficiency syndromes of men and women caused by five kinds of consumption and seven kinds of impairment due to chronic diseases manifested by loss of appetite, hot sensation in the five centers or sometimes tidal fever, cramping pain, sallow complexion, insomnia, se­minal emission, weakness of legs.

(2)      Ginseng Nutrition Decoction(ren shen yang rong tang)--人参养荣汤

SOURCE: Formulae of Peaceful Benevolent Dispensary.

This formula is Ten Strong Tonic Herbs Decaction minus Chuanxiong rhizo­me but plus schisandra fruit, tangerine peel, polygala root, fresh ginger and Chi­nese date, and is decocted in water for oral administration. Its effects are to re­plenish qi and tonify the blood, nourish the heart and tranquilize the mind. It is used for consumptive syndrome marked by heaviness of extremities, ache and weakness in muscles, shortness of breath, panting on exertion, tense in the lower abdomen,tense and pain in the back and waist, palpitation, dryness in the lips and throat, loss of appetite, emaciation. It is also used for deficiency of both the lung and large intestine marked by cough, diarrhea, panting, shortness of breath, vomi­ting with sputum.

Note:Both Ten strong Tonic Herbs Decoction and Ginseng Nutrition Decoc­tion are derived from Eight Treasures Decoction. The former possesses the effects of replenishing qi and blood with warm herbs, while the latter, stresses on replen­ishing qi, tonifying the blood, nourishing the heart and tranquilizing the mind.

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