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Binglang ( Areca Seed)---槟榔

Price:
$8.67
Weight:
1.00 LBS
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Product Description

binglang-yuantai-l.jpgbinglang-yaocai-l.jpg

 This medicinal is the ripe seed of Areca catechu L. (Fam. Palmae). It is collected in the period from late spring to early autumn. It is then peeled, dried by naturalsunlight, sliced after maceratin or pound into pieces for use as a medicine.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Bitter, pungent and warm; relate to stomach and large intestine meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Expel worms and remove food stagnation; move qi; induce diuresis.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Intestinal parasitic disease      It has a potent effect on expelling worms and its laxative action aids the expulsion of intestinal worms from the human body. It is used for killing various parasites such as cestodes, hookwors and ascarids. Being the most efficient medicinal to kill cestodes, it is usually used in combination with Nanguazi to creat mutual reinforcement. Forother parasitic diseases, it is combined with specific medicinals.

2. Dyspepsia and qi stagnation manifested as dysentery with tenesmus       It is often prescribed with Muxiang, Qinpi and Dahuang, as in the Muxiang Binglang Pills.

3. Edema, beriberi with the manifestations of swelling and pain        To treat edema of excess type, it often prescribed with Shanglu, Fulingpi and Zexie, as in the Shuzao Decoction. For the treatment of beriberi, it is often combined with Wuzhuyu, Mugua and Chenpi, as in the Jiming Powder.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 3.9g. When used by itself, its recomended dosage is to be increased to 30-60g in order to treat cestodiasis and fasciolopsiasis.

[ Precautions ]: It is not recommended for cases of spleen deficiency withloose stool.

槟榔为棕榈科植物槟榔Areca catechu L.的干燥成熟种子。主产于海南、福建、云南、广西、台湾等地。春末至秋初采收成熟果实,用水煮后,干燥,除去果皮,取出种子,晒干。浸透切片或捣碎用。

【药性】苦,辛,温。归胃、大肠经。        【功效】杀虫消积,行气,利水,截疟。       
 
【应用】        1.多种肠道寄生虫病。本品驱虫谱广,对绦虫、蛔虫、蛲虫、钩虫、姜片虫等肠道寄生虫都有驱杀作用,并以泻下作用驱除虫体为其优点。用治绦虫证疗效最佳,可单用(《千金方》),亦可与木香同用,如圣功散(《证治准绳》),现代多与南瓜子同用,其杀绦虫疗效更佳;与使君子、苦楝皮同用,可治蛔虫病、蛲虫病;与乌梅、甘草配伍,可治姜片虫病。      
 
  2.食积气滞,泻痢后重。本品辛散苦泄,入胃肠经,善行胃肠之气,消积导滞,兼能缓泻通便。常与木香、青皮、大黄等同用,治疗食积气滞、腹胀便秘等证,如木香槟榔丸(《儒门事亲》);与木香、黄连、芍药等同用,可治湿热泻痢,如芍药汤(《素问病机气宜保命集》)。       
 
 3.水肿,脚气肿痛。本品既能利水,又能行气,气行则助水运。常与商陆、泽泻、木通等同用,治疗水肿实证,二便不利,如疏凿饮子(《济生方》);与木瓜、吴茱萸、陈皮等配伍,用治寒湿脚气肿痛,如鸡鸣散(《证治准绳》)。        4.疟疾。本品截疟,常与常山、草果等同用,如截疟七宝饮(《伤寒素问病机气宜保命集》)。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3~10g。驱绦虫、姜片虫30~60g。生用力佳,炒用力缓;鲜者优于陈久者。        【使用注意】脾虚便溏或气虚下陷者忌用;孕妇慎用。       
 
 【古籍摘要】        1.《名医别录》:“主消谷,逐水,除痰癖,杀三虫伏尸,疗寸白。”        2.《药性论》:“宣利五脏六腑壅滞,破坚满气,下水肿,治心痛,风血积聚。”       
 
3.《本草纲目》:“治泻痢后重,心腹诸痛,大小便气秘,痰气喘息。疗诸疟,御瘴疠。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:含生物碱0.3%~0.6%,主要为槟榔碱,其余有槟榔次碱,去甲基槟榔碱,去甲基槟榔次碱,槟榔副碱,高槟榔碱,异去甲基槟榔次碱等,均与鞣酸结合而存在。又含脂肪油14%,其中脂肪酸有月桂酸、肉豆蔻酸、棕榈酸,十四碳烯酸、油酸、亚油酸、硬脂酸等。尚含鞣质及槟榔红色素。       
 
 2.药理作用:槟榔能使绦虫虫体引起驰缓性麻痹,触之则虫体伸长而不易断,故能把全虫驱出;槟榔碱对猪肉绦虫有较强的麻痹作用,能使全虫各部都麻痹,对牛肉绦虫仅能使头节和未成熟节片麻痹;槟榔对蛲虫、蛔虫、钩虫、肝吸虫、血吸虫均有麻痹或驱杀作用;对皮肤真菌、流感病毒、幽门螺旋杆菌均有抑制作用;槟榔碱有拟胆碱作用,兴奋胆碱受体,促进唾液、汗腺分泌,增加肠蠕动,减慢心率,降低血压,滴眼可使瞳孔缩小。      
 
  3.临床研究:槟榔30~120g,带皮南瓜子50~150g,煎煮取汁,清晨空腹服,30~0分钟后冲服硫酸镁粉5~30g,治疗绦虫病22例,全部治愈(中国寄生虫防治杂志,2001,2:99);新鲜干槟榔果8g,水150ml浸1小时,文火煎至50~70ml,上午空腹服1次,2周为1疗程,治疗幽门螺旋杆菌感染32例,胃镜复查后,糜烂性胃炎8例,均获效,十二指肠球部溃疡24例,有效23例(中国中西医结合杂志,1994,4:248);槟榔碱制成眼用药膜,将其置于眼结膜囊内之穹隆处,治疗青光眼患者37例70只眼,一般用药后10分钟即开始瞳孔缩小,15分钟后眼压逐渐下降(成都中医学院学报,1980,3:49)。
 
另有用槟榔治疗疟疾、麻痹性肠梗阻、乳糜尿、小儿咳喘等。       

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