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ChanSu (Toad Venom)---蟾酥

Price:
$17.00
Weight:
0.09 LBS
Shipping:
Calculated at checkout


Product Description

toad-1314493362end.jpg

It is the white serous fluid from posterior auricular gland and cutaneous gland excreted by the toad of Bufo gargarizans Cantor or Bufo melaostictus Schneider, and can be dried after being processed. The toad can be caught in summer and autumn. After washing the surface of toad, squeeze the posterior auricular gland and cutaneous gland, fill the serous fluid into a porcelain (avoid contacting with iron implement), it can be stored after having been dried in the sunshine. When applying, place the crushed blocks of medicinal in alcohol or fresh milk to be dissolved, dried in the air or in the sunshine.

[Medicinal Properties]: Pungent, warm and toxic; relate to the heart meridian.

[Medicinal Efficacies]: Clear away toxin, relieve pain; enliven and induce resuscitation.

[Clinical Applications]:

  1. Abscess, carbuncle, furuncle, scrofula, sore throat, toothache       The medicinal has the good function of eliminating toxin, relieving swelling, anaesthesia, relieving pain, whether external use or internal use. In treating abscess, carbuncle, furuncle, it is used with Shexiang and Zhusha, such as in the formula Chansu Pill. In treating swelling pain in throat, it is used together with Niuhuang and Bingpian, such as in the formula Liushen Pill. For toothache, it is used alone and ground into powder to local area for external applications. For operation anesthesia of the five sense organs disease, it is used in combination with Chuanwu, Shengnanxing, Shengbanxia, such as in the formula Waifu Mayao Fang. 

       2. Blockage syndrome of coma      The medicinal can be used alone or together with Shexiang, Dingxiang, it is ground into powder and blew to nose causing sneeze, indicated for acute filthy disease with abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea without end, unconscious.

Usage and Dosage 0.015~0.03g, it is ground into fine powder and taken in pill or powder. Its amount should be proper for external application.

[Precautions]: Because of its toxicity, it should be used with cautions for internal use and no overdosage. It can not be entered in to the eyes for external applications. It is contraindicated in pregnant women.

[Side Effects]: After taking overdose orally, it is manifested as numbness of oral lip, epigastric discomfort, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, chest distress, drowsiness, flustered, and coma.

蟾蜍为蟾蜍科动物中华大蟾蜍Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor或黑眶蟾蜍B. melaos-tictus Schneider的耳后腺及皮肤腺分泌的白色浆液,经加工干燥而成。主产于河北、山东、四川、湖南、江苏、浙江等地。多为野生品种。夏、秋二季捕捉蟾蜍,洗净体表,挤取耳后腺及皮肤腺的浆液,盛于瓷器内(忌与铁器接触),晒干贮存。用时以碎块置酒或鲜牛奶中溶化,然后风干或晒干。

       【药性】辛,温。有毒。归心经。        【功效】解毒,止痛,开窍醒神。       
 
【应用】        1.痈疽疔疮,瘰疬,咽喉肿痛,牙痛。本品有良好解毒消肿,麻醉止痛作用,可外用及内服。治痈疽及恶疮,常配伍麝香、朱砂等,用葱白汤送服取汗,如蟾酥丸(《外科正宗》)。治咽喉肿痛及痈疖,与牛黄、冰片等配用,如雷氏六神丸。治牙痛,单用本品研细少许点患处(《本草正》)。本品亦用于五官科手术的粘膜麻醉,配川乌、生南星、生半夏为末,烧酒调敷患处,如外敷麻药方(《医宗金鉴》)。       
 
 2.痧胀腹痛,神昏吐泻。本品辛温走窜,有辟秽化浊,开窍醒神之功,嗅之亦能催嚏。用治伤于暑湿秽浊或饮食不洁而致痧胀腹痛,吐泻不止,甚至昏厥,常与麝香、丁香、雄黄等药配伍,用时研末吹入鼻中取嚏收效,如蟾酥丸(《集验简易良方》)。       
 
【用法用量】内服0.015~0.03g,研细,多入丸、散用。外用适量。        【使用注意】本品有毒,内服慎勿过量。外用不可入目。孕妇忌用。       
 
 【古籍摘要】        1.《药性论》:“治脑疳,以奶汁调,滴鼻中。”        2.《本草汇言》:“疗疳积,消臌胀,解疔毒之药也。能化解一切瘀郁壅滞诸疾,如积毒、积块、积脓、内疔痈肿之证,有攻毒拔毒之功。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:主要有蟾酥毒素类:如蟾毒、蟾毒配基脂肪酸酯、蟾毒配基硫酸酯等,蟾毒配基类,蟾毒色胺类,以及其他化合物:如多糖类、有机酸、氨基酸、肽类、肾上腺素等。       
2.药理作用:蟾毒配基类和蟾蜍毒素类均有强心作用,又有抗心肌缺血、抗凝血、升压、抗休克、兴奋大脑皮层及呼吸中枢、抗炎、镇痛及局部麻醉作用。蟾毒内酯类和华蟾素均有抗肿瘤作用,并能升高白细胞、抗放射线;还有镇咳、增加免疫力、抗疲劳、兴奋肠管和子宫平滑肌等作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:据报道,用蟾酥或经适当配伍治疗化脓性感染、神经性皮炎、急性咽炎、淋巴结结核、淋巴结炎、急慢性牙髓炎等多种疾病,以及抢救呼吸及循环衰竭、局部麻醉,均获满意疗效。近年还报道:用蟾酥与茯苓1∶9比例治成强心散、胶囊或片剂服,治疗心力衰竭30例,有效率86.7%(新医药通讯,1992,5∶46);用华蟾素注射液静脉点滴治疗慢性乙型肝炎118例,有效率76.3%(现代中西医结合杂志,2001,17∶1632);每日用华蟾素注射液20ml或40ml加5%葡萄糖注射液500ml静脉点滴,治疗癌性疼痛143例,止痛有效率为94.9%(中国中医药信息杂志,2001,3∶60)。
 
此外,又常用以拔牙、治疗瘘管、结核病、小儿再生障碍性贫血、第三腰椎横突综合征、晚期复发性肝癌等。       
 
4.不良反应:静注或腹腔注射蟾酥后小鼠出现呼吸急促、肌肉痉挛、惊厥、心律不齐,最后麻痹而死亡。       
 
 附药 蟾皮        为蟾蜍科动物中华大蟾蜍或黑眶蟾蜍等的皮。其味辛,性凉,有小毒。功能清热解毒,利水消胀.适用于痈疽疮毒、疳积腹胀、瘰疬肿瘤等证。煎服,用3~6g。研末入丸、散,每次0.3~0.9g。外用适量,可研末调敷患处,或以新鲜蟾皮外贴患处。

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