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Cheqianzi ( Plantain Seed )-车前子(powder100g/bottle)

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Product Description

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It is the dried mature seed of perennial herb, Plantago asiatica L. or Plantago depressa Willd., family Plantaginaceae.The spike with seeds is collected in the Spring and Autumn season, when the seeds are ripe. It is then dried in the sunshine, rubbed and the seeds are gained, remove the impurity. The raw stir-baked form with salty water is utilized for medicine.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Sweet and slightly cold; relate to the liver, kidney lung and small intestine meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Promote diuresis to relive stranguria; stop diarrhea; clear away liver-fire to improve vision; clear away lung to resolve phlegm.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 9-15g. It is taken orally. Before being placed into the decoction it is wrapped with gauze.

[ Annotation ]:Che qian cao: It is the dried mature whole plant of perennial herb, Plantago asiatical L. or Plantoago depressa Wild., family plantaginaceae. Its properties and efficacies are same as Cheqianzi. In addition, it has the function of clearing away heat and toxic materials, and cooling the blood. It is often used to treat hematemesis, bleeding, abscess, swollen sore, ulcer. It is decocted 9-30g, and taken orally. The dosage is doubled for the fresh medicinals, and can be used for externally, whereby the amount should be appropriate. It must be smashed and applied on the affected area.
 
[ Clinical Applications ]: 1.Heat stranguria, edema      It is cold in nature and slippery and good at treating heat stranguria, in which it is usually combined with Mutong, Huashi, Shanzhi, such as in the Bazheng Powder. In treatig edema and dysuria it is combined together with Fuling, Zhuling and Zexie.
 
2. Diarrhea due to summer-heat-dampness    It is good at treating watery diarrhea, due to profuse dampness in the large intestine. It can be used alone and ground into powder or comined together with Fuling, Zexie and Yiyiren.
 
3. Conjuctivitis, dim eyesight   In treating conjunctivitis due to wind-heat of liver meridian, it is often combined with Juhua, Juemingzi and Xiakucao. In case of blurry and poor vision or nebula, it is often combined together with Tusizi and Shudihuang, such as ,in the Zhujing Pill.
 
4. Cough of phlegm-heat type     It can treat cough and profuse phlegm due to lung-heat, and is combined with Huangqin, Beimu and Gualou.

车前子为车前科植物车前Plantago asiatica L.或平车前P. depressa Willd.的干燥成熟种子。前者分布全国各地,后者分布北方各省。夏、秋二季种子成熟时采收果穗。晒干,搓出种子,除去杂质。生用或盐水炙用。
      
【药性】甘,微寒。归肝、肾、肺、小肠经。        【功效】利尿通淋,渗湿止泻,明目,祛痰。       
 
【应用】        1.淋证,水肿。本品甘寒而利,善通利水道,清膀胱热结。治疗湿热下注于膀胱而致小便淋沥涩痛者,常与木通、滑石、瞿麦等清热利湿药同用,如八正散(《和剂局方》);对水湿停滞水肿,小便不利,可与猪苓、茯苓、泽泻同用;若病久肾虚,腰重脚肿,可与牛膝、熟地黄、山茱萸、肉桂等同用,如济生肾气丸(《济生方》)。       
 
2.泄泻。本品能利水湿,分清浊而止泻,即利小便以实大便。尤宜于小便不利之水泻,可单用本品研末,米饮送服;若脾虚湿盛泄泻,可配白术同用;若暑湿泄泻,可与香薷、茯苓、猪苓等同用,如车前子散(《杨氏家藏方》)。       
 
3.目赤肿痛,目暗昏花,翳障。车前子善清肝热而明目,故治目赤涩痛,多与菊花、决明子等同用;若肝肾阴亏,两目昏花,则配熟地黄、菟丝子等养肝明目药,如驻景丸(《圣惠方》)。       
4.痰热咳嗽。本品入肺经,能清肺化痰止咳。治肺热咳嗽痰多,多与瓜蒌、浙贝母、枇杷叶等清肺化痰药同用。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,9~15g。宜包煎。        【使用注意】肾虚遗滑者慎用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主气癃,止痛,利水道小便,除湿痹。”        2.《名医别录》:“男子伤中,女子淋沥,不欲食。养肺强阴益精,令人有子,明目疗赤痛。”        3.《本草纲目》:“导小肠热,止暑湿泻痢。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含粘液质,琥珀酸、二氢黄酮苷、车前烯醇、腺嘌呤、胆碱、车前子碱、脂肪油、维生素A、B等。       
 
 2.药理作用:本品有显著利尿作用,还能促进呼吸道粘液分泌,稀释痰液,故有祛痰作用。对各种杆菌和葡萄球菌均有抑制作用。车前子提取液有预防肾结石形成的作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:据报道,生车前子捣烂研粉,加精盐调为糊状。放在脐部,上面盖热水袋,预防术后尿潴留,效果满意(右江民族医学院学报,2000,2:309)。 车前子,烘干研末,冲服,治疗胎位异常者,疗效显著(中国中西医结合杂志,1999 ,3:186 )。 车前子,水煎服,治疗高血压,有效(山东中医杂志,1996,16:284)。车前子研细末服,还可治疗胃、十二指肠溃疡病,胃炎。       
 
 附药 车前草        为车前的全草。性能功用与车前子相似,兼有清热解毒功效。多应用于热毒痈肿,内服或用鲜草捣烂外敷。用量10~20g。鲜品加倍。外用适量。       

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