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Chuanbeimu (Tendrillealf Fritillary Bulb)---川贝母

Price:
$34.32
Weight:
1.00 LBS
Shipping:
Calculated at checkout


Product Description

chuanbeimu-yuantai-l.jpgchuanbeimu-yaocai-l.jpg

It is the dried bulb of Tritillaria cirrhosa D.Don, Fritillaria unibracteata Hsiao et K.C.Hsia, Fritillaria przewalskii Maxim., or Fritillaria delavayi Franch.,family Liliaceae. Those growing in Sichuan province are superior in quality. The bulbs are dug and collected in summer and winter or when snow melts. After the fibrous roots, bark, mud and sand are removed, they are dried in the sunshine or in low temperature.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Bitter , sweet and slightly cold; relate to lung and heart meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Clear heat and resolve phlegm; moisten lung and relieve cough; dissipate mass and relieve swelling.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Chronic cough due to lung deficiency, dry cough due to lung heat      In combination with Sharen and Maidong, it treats lung deficiency and yin deficiency causing chronic cough with sputum. To treat lung heat resulting in dry cough, it is usually combined with Zhimu in Ermu Powder.

2. Scrofula, carbuncle, mammary abscess, pulmonary abscess       For scrofula, it is combined with Xuanshen and Muli in Xiaoluo Pills; for carbuncle and mamary abscess, with Pugongying, Tianhuafen and Lianqiao; for pulmonary abscess, with Yuxingcao, Xianlugen and Yiyiren.

[ Usage and Dosage ]:3-9g. It is ground into powder and taken after it is infused, with 1-2g for each time.

[ Precautions ]: It is incompatible with Wutou.

川贝母为百合科植物川贝母 Fritillaria cirrhosa D.Don,暗紫贝母F。unibracteata Hsiao et K. C. Hsia,甘肃贝母 p. przewalskii Maxim.或梭砂贝母 F. delavayi Franch.的鳞茎。前三者按不同性状习称“松贝”和“青贝”;后者称“炉贝”。主产于四川、云南、甘肃等地。夏、秋二季采挖,除去须根,粗皮,晒干,生用。

       【药性】苦、甘,微寒。归肺、心经。        【功效】清热化痰,润肺止咳,散结消肿。       
 
【应用】        1.虚劳咳嗽,肺热燥咳。本品性寒味微苦,能清泄肺热化痰,又味甘质润能润肺止咳,尤宜于内伤久咳,燥痰、热痰之证。治肺阴虚劳嗽,久咳有痰者,常配沙参、麦冬等以养阴润肺化痰止咳;治肺热、肺燥咳嗽,常配知母以清肺润燥,化痰止咳,如二母散(《急救仙方》)。       
 
 2.瘰疬、乳痈、肺痈。本品能清化郁热,化痰散结。治痰火郁结之瘰疬,常配玄参、牡蛎等药用,如消瘰丸(《医学心悟》);治热毒壅结之乳痈、肺痈,常配蒲公英、鱼腥草等以清热解毒,消肿散结。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3~10g;研未服1~2g。        【使用注意】不宜于乌头类药材同用。脾胃虚寒及有湿痰者不宜用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主伤寒烦热,淋沥邪气,疝瘕,喉痹,乳难,金疮,风痉。”       
 
 2.《本草会编》“治虚劳咳嗽,吐血咯血,肺痿肺痈,妇人乳痈,痈疽及诸郁之证。”       
 
3.《本草汇言》:“贝母,开郁,下气,化痰之药也,润肺消痰,止咳定喘,则虚劳火结之证,贝母专司首剂。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:均含多种生物碱,如川贝母含青贝碱,松贝碱甲和松贝碱乙,还含川贝碱和西贝素。暗紫贝母还含松贝宁及蔗糖,甘肃贝母含有岷贝碱甲、岷贝碱乙;梭砂贝母含有白炉贝碱,炉贝碱。       
 
2.药理作用:贝母总生物碱及非生物碱部分,均有镇咳作用;川贝流浸膏,川贝母碱均有不同程度的祛痰作用。此外,西贝母碱还有解痉作用;川贝碱、西贝碱有降压作用;贝母碱能增加子宫张力;贝母总碱有抗溃疡作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:川贝、制甘遂末,大枣煎汤送服,或装胶囊,治疗肝硬化腹水36例,总有效率为86.1%(辽宁中医杂志,1986,9:29);川贝粉,每日按每公斤体重0.1g分3次服用,治疗婴幼儿消化不良有确效(黑龙江中医药,1991,3:38);川贝母与炒黑白芝麻油调敷可治乳头皲裂(浙江中医杂志,1984,7:309)。

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