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Dandouchi ( Fermented Soybean)---淡豆豉

Price:
$7.87
Weight:
1.00 LBS
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Calculated at checkout


Product Description

dandouchi-yuantai-l.jpg

Dandouchi is the fermented ripened seeds of Glycine max( L.) Merr., pertaining to Leguminosae. It is sun dried . The raw form is used.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Bitter,pungent and cool; relate to lung and stomach meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Relieve exterior, stop uneasiness; disperse depressed heat.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 6-12 g.

[ Clinical Applications]: 1. External contraction of exterior syndrome     It treats external contraction of wind-heat or early stage of warm disease, both manifesting as fever, little aversion to wind-heat, headache, thirst and sore throat, in combination with Jinyinhua, Lianqiao and Bohe, such as in Yinqiao Powder. Also it treats common cold of wind-heat in early stage, which manifests as aversion to cold, fever, no sweat, headache, and nasal congestion, in combination with Congbai; for example in Congchi Decoction.

2. Heat disease, uneasiness and stuffiness in chest, insomnia     It treats pathogenic heat accunmulating inside chest in heat disease due to external contraction, manifesting as anguishing sensation in heart, uneasiness, fever and insomnia; for example in Zhizichi Decoction.

淡豆豉为豆科植物大豆Glycine max (L.) Merr.的成熟种子发酵加工品。全国各地均产。晒干,生用。

       【药性】苦、辛,凉。归肺、胃经。        【功效】解表,除烦,宣发郁热。        1.外感表证。本品辛散轻浮,能疏散表邪,且发汗解表之力颇为平稳,无论风寒、风热表证,皆可配伍使用。用治风热感冒,或温病初起,发热、微恶风寒,头痛口渴,咽痛等症,常与金银花、连翘、薄荷、牛蒡子等药同用,如银翘散(《温病条辨》);若风寒感冒初起,恶寒发热、无汗、头痛、鼻塞等症,常配葱白,如葱豉汤(《肘后方》)。        2.热病烦闷。本品辛散苦泄性凉,既能透散外邪,又能宣散邪热、除烦,常与清热泻火除烦的栀子同用,治疗外感热病,邪热内郁胸中,心中懊憹,烦热不眠,如栀子豉汤(《伤寒论》)。        【用法用量】煎服,6~12g。        【古籍摘要】        1.《名医别录》:“主伤寒头痛,寒热,瘴气恶毒,烦躁满闷,虚劳喘急,两脚疼冷。”        2.《珍珠囊》:“去心中懊憹,伤寒头痛,烦躁。”        3.《本草纲目》:“下气,调中。治伤寒温毒发斑,呕逆。”        【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含脂肪、蛋白质和酶类等成分。        2.药理作用:淡豆豉有微弱的发汗作用,并有健胃、助消化作用。        3.临床研究:据报道,三黄石膏汤(黄连9g,黄芩9g,黄柏9g,栀子9g,淡豆豉9g,麻黄8g,石膏40~50g(先煎),生姜3片,大枣3枚,细茶10g),每日1~2剂,水煎服,治疗流行性感冒高热53例,收到了较好的疗效(福建中医药,1997,28(1):44)。以淡豆豉、地骨皮各15g,焦山栀5g,柴胡12g,白薇30g组成“癌热灵”,水煎服,2周为1个疗程,治疗癌性发热59例有效(浙江中医杂志,1997,32(6):250)。以薄荷、前胡、牛蒡子、淡豆豉、木通、葛根为主组成辛凉解表汤,腹胀痛加厚朴、香附,乳食减少有完谷者加神曲、山楂,治疗小儿泄泻52例,收到了较好的疗效(长春中医学院学报,1997,13(1):48)。        附药 大豆黄卷        本品系采用大豆浸水湿润发芽,晒干而成。性味甘、淡,平;归脾、胃经。功效解表祛暑,清热利湿。适用于暑湿、湿温初起,湿热内蕴所致发热汗少,恶寒身重,胸闷苔腻等症。用量10~15g。

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