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Danzhuye ( Lophatherum Herb)---淡竹叶(powder100g/bottle)

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Danzhuye is the dried leaf and stem of lophatherum gracile Brongn., pertaining to Gramineae. It is collect before heading time. After sun dried, it is cut into slices. The raw form is used.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Sweet, bland and cold; relate to heart, stomach, and small intestine meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Clear heat, purge fire; remove agitation and promote urination.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 6-9g.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Stomatitis, reddish urine, heat stranuria and astringent pain     Zhuye treats stomatitis and tongue sore due to abundant fire in heart and stomach as well as transmission heat to small intestine manifesting as heat stranguria with astringent pain, in combination with Huashi, Baimaogen and Dengxincao.

2. Agitation and thirst in warm disease     It is indicated for consumption of fluids in warm disease, manifesting as agitation and thirst, usually in combination with Shigao and Lugen.

淡竹叶为禾本科植物淡竹叶Lophatherum gracile Brongn.的干燥茎叶。主产于长江流域至华南各地。夏季末抽花穗前采割,晒干切段,生用。

【药性】甘、淡,寒。归心、胃、小肠经。       
 
【功效】清热泻火,除烦,利尿。       
 
【应用】        1.热病烦渴。本品甘寒,主归心经能清心火以除烦,入胃经而泄胃火以止渴。用治热病伤津,心烦口渴,常配石膏、芦根等药用;或配黄芩、知母、麦门冬等药用,如淡竹叶汤(《医学心悟》)。       
 
2.口疮尿赤、热淋涩痛。本品性寒能清泻心胃实火,甘淡能渗湿利尿。用治心、胃火盛,口舌生疮及移热小肠热淋涩痛,可配滑石、白茅根、灯心草等药用。       
 
 【用法用量】煎服,6—9g。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《本草纲目》:“去烦热,利小便,清心。”       
 
2.《生草药性备要》:“消痰止渴,除上焦火,明眼目,利小便,治白浊,退热,散痔疮毒 。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含三萜类化合物,如芦竹素、白茅素、蒲公英赛醇及甾类物质如 β-谷甾醇、豆甾醇、菜油甾醇、蒲公英甾醇等。       
 
2.药理作用:本品水浸膏有退热作用;本品利尿作用较弱而增加尿中氯化物的排出量则较强;其粗提物有抗肿瘤作用;其水煎剂对金黄色葡萄球菌、溶血性链球菌有抑制作用。此外,还有升高血糖作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:用淡竹叶配生地黄、木通、甘草等制成导赤散,随证加减,治病毒性心肌炎64例,痊愈55例,好转9例(浙江中医杂志,1987,1:43);用导赤散加味治疗白塞综合征8例,7天左右基本治愈(山东中医杂志,1983,5:43);用竹叶石膏汤治疗顽固性呕吐、呃逆各1例,疗效较好(新中医,1987,10:16)。       

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