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g/bottle Digupi ( Cortesx Lycill )---地骨皮(powder100g/bottle)

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$24.84
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Product Description

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Digupi is the dried root bark of Lycium barbarum L., pertaining to Solanaceae. The root is collected in early spring or in later fall. After washed, the root bark is peeled, sun dried, and then cut into segments.

[ Medicial Properties ]: Sweet and clod; relate to lung, liver and kidney meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Cool blodd, relieve bone-steaming; clear lung fire.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 9-15g.

[ Precautions ]: Be cautious with fever due to external contraction of wind-cold and loose stool due to spleen deficiency.
 
[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Yin deficiency, blood heat, bone-steaming, night sweat, infantile malnutrtion with fever      Digupi is good at treating bone-steaming with sweat. For fever due to yin deficiency, it is combined with Zhimu, Biejia and Yinchaihua, for example in Digupi Decoction.
 
2. Lung heat cough     It treats cough and dyspnea due to lung fire accumulation, combined with Sangbaipi and Gancao; for example in Xiebai Powder.
 
3. Blood heat, haematemesis and epistaxis    By itself, it treats haematemesis, epistaxis and hematuria due to accelerated blood circulation caused by blood heat, decocted with wine for oral administration or combined with Baimaogen and Cebaiye.
 
Also it can generate fluids to stop thirst to treat Xiaoke ( diabetes) due to internal heat, usually combined with Tianhuafen, Shengdihuang and Wuweizi.
 
[ Medicinal comparison ]: Similarities: Both Mudanpi and Digupi can clear heat, cool blood, relieve deficiency-fever to treat haematemesis and epistaxis due to blood heat and yin deficiency with fever. Although it is said that Mudanpi treats bone-steaming without sweat while Digupi treats bone-steaming with sweat, both often used in reinforcement to treat yin deficiency with fever whether with sweat or not.
 
Differences: Mudanpi is good at clearing heat and cooling blood to treat heat entering nutrient-blood and also can activate blood and resolve stasis to treat varioius blood stasis as well as intestinal abscess, abscess , sore, ulcers and toxin. Digupi is good at relieving deficiency-fever, usually to treat syndrome of deficiency-fever, and can purging lung heat to treat cough due to lung heat as well as Xiaoke (diabetes) due to internal heat.

地骨皮为茄科植物枸杞Lycium chinense Mil1.或宁夏枸杞L. barbarum L.的干燥根皮。分布于我国南北各地。初春或秋后采挖根部,洗净,剥取根皮,晒干,切段入药。
      
【药性】甘,寒。归肺、肝、肾经。       
 
【功效】凉血除蒸,清肺降火。       
 
【应用】        1.阴虚发热,盗汗骨蒸。本品甘寒清润,能清肝肾之虚热,除有汗之骨蒸,为退虚热、疗骨蒸之佳品,常与知母、鳖甲、银柴胡等配伍,治疗阴虚发热,如地骨皮汤(《圣济总录》);若用治盗汗骨蒸、肌瘦潮热,常与秦艽、鳖甲配伍,如秦艽鳖甲散(《卫生宝鉴》)。       
 
 2.肺热咳嗽。本品甘寒,善清泄肺热,除肺中伏火,则清肃之令自行,故多用治肺火郁结,气逆不降,咳嗽气喘,皮肤蒸热等症,常与桑白皮、甘草等同用,如泻白散(《小儿药证直诀》)。       
 3.血热出血证。本品甘寒入血分,能清热、凉血、止血,常用治血热妄行的吐血、衄血、尿血等。《经验广集》单用本品加酒煎服,亦可配白茅根、侧柏叶等凉血止血药治之。       
 
此外,本品于清热除蒸泄火之中,而能生津止渴,故与生地黄、天花粉、五味子等同用,可治内热消渴。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,9~15g。        【使用注意】外感风寒发热及脾虚便溏者不宜用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主五内邪气,热中消渴,周痹。”       
 2.《珍珠囊》:“解骨蒸肌热,消渴,风湿痹,坚筋骨,凉血。”        3.《汤液本草》:“泻肾火,降肺中伏火,去胞中火,退热,补正气。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含桂皮酸和多量酚类物质,甜菜碱,尚分离到β-谷甾醇、亚油酸、亚麻酸和卅一酸等。此外,又从地骨皮中分得降压生物碱苦柯碱A(又名地骨皮甲素)以及枸杞素A和B。       
 
2.药理作用:地骨皮的乙醇提取物、水提取物及乙醚残渣水提取物、甜菜碱等均有较强的解热作用。地骨皮煎剂及浸膏具有降血糖和降血脂作用。地骨皮浸剂、煎剂、酊剂及注射剂均有明显降压作用且能伴有心率减慢。地骨皮水煎剂有免疫调节作用,又有抗微生物作用,其对伤寒杆菌、甲型副伤寒杆菌及福氏痢疾杆菌有较强的抑制作用,对流感亚洲甲型京科68-1病毒株有抑制其致细胞病变作用。此外,100%地骨皮注射液对离体子宫有显著兴奋作用。地骨皮的70%乙醇渗漉法提取物,可明显提高痛阈,对物理性、化学性疼痛有明显的抑制作用。       
 
3.临床研究:据报道,地骨皮在临床上尚可用于多种疾病,如:用本品与红花等量研粉,以植物油调匀,敷贴患处,胶带固定,治疗鸡眼及胼胝,效果良好,孕妇忌用(中国中药杂志1992,7:434);用生、熟地骨皮各100g,分别研末,高压消毒,外撒患处,用于化脓性溃疡,视脓液多少,溃疡深浅,选择生、熟品用药,临床治疗30例,总有效率为100%,手术切开引流者亦可使用(中医外治杂志 1996,3:22);用地骨皮60g作煎剂,治疗原发性高血压50例,显效20例,总有效率为94%(中药临床新用,2001:240)。
 
此外,尚可用于治疗荨麻疹、皮炎等皮肤过敏性疾病。       

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