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Gaoliangjiang (Lesser Galangal Rhizome)---高良姜(powder100g/bottle)

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Product Description

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it is the dried rhizoma of alpinia officinarum Hance, family Zingiberaceae. The rhizoma for 4-6years growth can be dug and collected from the end of the summer to the beginning of the autumn. The fiber and remained squama are removed, it is cut into pieces and dried in the sunshine. The raw form is utilized for medicine.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Pungent in the flavor, hot in nature; relate to the spleen and stomach meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Warming the middle energizer and relieve pain.

[ Clinical applications ]: Cold pain in epigastric abdomen, vomiting due to stomach cold      In treating cold pain in epigastric abdomen, diarrhea, it is usually used in combination with Paojiang, such as in the formula Erjiang Pill; for cold congealing and stagnation of qi, it is combined with Xiangfu, such as in the formula Liangfu Pill; for vomiting due to stomach cold, it is combined with Banxia, Shengjiang.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 3-6g is used for oral use.

高良姜为姜科植物高良姜Alpinia officinarun Hance?的干燥根茎。主产于广东、广西、海南等地。夏末秋初采挖生长4~6年的根茎,除去地上茎、须根及残留鳞片,洗净,切段,晒干。生用。

【药性】辛,热。归脾、胃经。        【功效】散寒止痛,温中止呕。       
 
【应用】        1.胃寒冷痛。本品辛散温通,能散寒止痛,为治胃寒脘腹冷痛之常用药,每与炮姜相须为用,如二姜丸(《和剂局方》);治胃寒肝郁,脘腹胀痛,多与香附合用,以疏肝解郁,散寒止痛,如良附丸(《良方集腋》);治卒心腹绞痛如剧,两胁支满,烦闷不可忍者,可与厚朴、当归、桂心等同用,如高良姜汤(《千金方》)。      
 
  2.胃寒呕吐:本品性热,能温散寒邪,和胃止呕。治胃寒呕吐,多与半夏、生姜等同用;治虚寒呕吐,常与党参、茯苓、白术等同用。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3~6g。研末服,每次3g。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《名医别录》:“主暴冷,胃中冷逆,霍乱腹痛。”        2.《本草汇言》:“高良姜,祛寒湿、温脾胃之药也。若老人脾肾虚寒,泄泻自利,妇人心胃暴痛,因气怒、因寒痰者,此药辛热纯阳,除一切沉寒痼冷,功与桂、附同等。苟非客寒犯胃,胃冷呕逆,及伤生冷饮食,致成霍乱吐泻者,不可轻用。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:含挥发油0.5%~1.5%,油中主要成分为1,8-桉叶素、桂皮酸甲酯、丁香油酚、蒎烯、荜澄茄烯及辛辣成分高良姜酚等。尚含黄酮类高良姜素、山柰素、山柰酚、槲皮素、异鼠李素等。       
 
2.药理作用:本品水提取物具有镇痛抗炎作用,醚提物只有镇痛作用,二者均能抗动物实验性胃溃疡的形成及蓖麻油引起的腹泻,还能延长断头小鼠张口动作持续时间和氰化钾中毒小鼠的存活时间;煎剂灌胃能升高犬胃液总酸排出量,兴奋兔离体肠管运动,对抗因阿托品所致小鼠胃肠抑制后的墨汁推进率;采用体内血栓形成法,给大鼠灌胃高良姜水提物或挥发油均有抗血栓形成的作用;100%煎液对炭疽杆菌、α-或β-溶血性链球菌、白喉及类白喉杆菌、肺炎球菌、金黄色葡萄球菌、白色葡萄球菌等革兰氏阳性嗜气菌皆有抗菌作用。     
 
   3.临床研究:高良姜、制香附、元胡各30g,姜半夏10g,共研末,每次3g,饭前温开水送服。治疗胃痛175例,其中虚寒型75例,肝气犯胃100例,治愈135例,显效27例,有效13例(四川中医,1983,6:12);良姜、黄芩、黄柏、干姜各9g,附子8g,日一剂,早晚分服,6剂为1疗程,治疗复发性口腔溃疡数百例,全部治愈(临床医学,1990,4:188);良姜、制川乌、制草乌各3g,北细辛2g,治虫牙、风火牙痛83例,全部有效(四川中医,1992,7:50)。另有用高良姜治疗心绞痛等。      
 
  附药 红豆蔻        为姜科植物大高良姜Alpinia galanga (L.) willd的果实。性味辛温,归脾、胃经,功能温中散寒,行气止痛。用于寒湿所致的脘腹冷痛,呕吐,泄泻,不欲饮食;亦可研末掺牙,治疗风寒牙痛。用量3~6g,入汤剂,生用。阴虚有热者忌用。       

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