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gualouren ( Snake-ground seed )--瓜蒌仁(powder100g/bottle)

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Product Description

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Tianhuafen is the dried roof of Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim or Trichosanthesrosthornii Harms, pertaining to Cucurbitaceae. The best one is generated fro Anyang,Henan Province. It is collected in fall and winter. After washing up ,removing the external bark, it is cut into thick slices.The raw for is used or after sun dried.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Sweet , Slightly bitter and slightly cold; relate to lung and stomach meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Clear heat ad purge fire; generate fluids and stop thirst; relieve swelling and expel pus.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 10-5 g.

[ Precautions ]: Mutual antagonistic with Wutou.
 
[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Warm disease, agitation and thirst    It treats agitation and thirst in warm disease usually in combination with Lugen and Maidong. Also it treats dryness invading lung and stomach, manifesting as dry throat and thirst, in combination with Shashen, Maidong and Yuzhu; for example in Shahen Maidong Decoction.
 
2. Lung heat, cough, dry cough and sticky sputum     It is indicated for dry-heat invading lung, manifesting as dry cough, little sputum or bloody sputum, in combination with Tiandong , maidong and Shengdi, such as in Zizao Decoction.
 
3. Internal heat and Xiaoke (diabetes)     Usually it is used with maidong, Lugen and Baimaogen.
 
4. Sores, ulcers, swelling and toxin     It is indicated for sores and ulcers in the early stage with prosperous heat toxin. It can dissolve the sores and ulcers before the pus formation ,and can expel pus after the pus formation, usually with Jinyinhua, Baizhi and Chuanshanjia; for example in Xianfang Huoxiang Decoction.
 
[ Medicinal Comparison ]: Similarties: Both Lugen and Tianhuafen can clear heat, purge fire, generate fluids and stop thirst, to treat agitation and thirst in warm disease, Xiaoke (diabetes) , and cough due to lung heat.
 
Differences: Lugen can stop vomiting and promote urination, to treat vomiting due to stomach heat, coughing pus in lung abscess, heat stranguria with astringent pain. Tianhuafen also can dissolve swelling and expel pus to treat abscess, swelling , sores and ulcers.

天花粉为葫芦科植物栝楼Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim.或双边栝楼 T. rosthornii Harms的干燥根。全国南北各地均产,以河南安阳一带产者质量较好。秋、冬二季采挖,洗净,除去外皮,切厚片。鲜用或干燥用。
      
【药性】甘、微苦,微寒。归肺、胃经。       
 
【功效】清热泻火,生津止渴,消肿排脓。       
 
【应用】        1.热病烦渴。本品甘寒,既能清肺胃二经实热, 又能生津止渴,故常用治热病烦渴,可配芦根、麦门冬等用;或配生地黄、五味子用,如天花散(《仁斋直指方》);取本品生津止渴之功,配沙参、麦门冬、玉竹等用,可治燥伤肺胃,咽干口渴,如沙参麦冬汤(《温病条辨》)。       
 
2.肺热燥咳。本品既能泻火以清肺热,又能生津以润肺燥,用治燥热伤肺,干咳少痰、痰中带血等肺热燥咳证,可配天门冬、麦门冬、生地黄等药用,如滋燥饮(《杂病源流犀烛》);取本品生津润燥之功,配人参用治燥热伤肺,气阴两伤之咳喘咯血,如参花散(《万病回春》)。       
 
3.内热消渴。本品善清肺胃热、生津止渴,可用治积热内蕴,化燥伤津之消渴证,常配麦门冬、芦根、白茅根等药用(《千金方》);若配人参,则治内热消渴,气阴两伤者,如玉壶丸(《仁斋直指方》)。       
 
 4.疮疡肿毒。本品既能清热泻火而解毒,又能消肿排脓以疗疮,用治疮疡初起,热毒炽盛,未成脓者可使消散,脓已成者可溃疮排脓,常与金银花、白芷、穿山甲等同用,如仙方活命饮(《妇人大全良方》);取本品清热、消肿作用,配薄荷等分为末,西瓜汁送服,可治风热上攻,咽喉肿痛,如银锁匙(《外科百效全书》)。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,10-15g。       
 
【使用注意】不宜于乌头类药材同用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主消渴,身热,烦满大热,补虚,安中,续绝伤。”       
2.《日华子本草》:“通小肠,排脓,消肿毒,生肌长肉,消扑损瘀血。治热狂时疾,乳痈,发背,痔瘘疮疖。”       
3.《本草汇言》:“天花粉,退五脏郁热,如心火盛而舌干口燥,肺火盛而咽肿喉痹,脾火盛而口舌齿肿,痰火盛而咳嗽不宁。若肝火之胁胀走注,肾火之骨蒸烦热,或痈疽已溃未溃,而热毒不散,或五疸身目俱黄,而小水若淋若涩,是皆火热郁结所致,惟此剂能开郁结,降痰火,并能治之。又其性甘寒,善能治渴,从补药而治虚渴,从凉药而治火渴,从气药而治郁渴,从血药而治烦渴,乃治渴之要药也。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品主要含淀粉、皂苷、多糖类、氨基酸类、酶类和天花粉蛋白等。       
2.药理作用:皮下或肌内注射天花粉蛋白,有引产和中止妊娠的作用;天花粉蛋白有免疫刺激和免疫抑制两种作用;体外实验证明,天花粉蛋白可抑制艾滋病病毒(HIV)在感染的免疫细胞内的复制繁衍,减少免疫细胞中受病毒感染的活细胞数,能抑制HIV的DNA复制和蛋白质合成;天花粉水提物的非渗透部位有降低血糖活性。天花粉煎剂对溶血性链球菌、肺炎双球菌、白喉杆菌有一定的抑制作用。       
3.临床研究:用天花粉蛋白5g,肌内注射,治疗葡萄胎129例,自然排出55例,占42.6%(云南医药,1978,3:1);用天皂合剂,阴道塞药,治疗恶性滋养细胞肿瘤7例,其中恶性葡萄胎5例治愈,绒毛癌2例无效(江苏医药,1978,6:5);
此外,临床还用天花粉治疗糖尿病、急性支气管炎、肺炎、乳腺炎、流行性腮腺炎等感染性疾病及用于中期妊娠引产、抗早孕、过期流产死胎、宫外孕、肠腺化生等。

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