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guanghuoxiang ( Cablin Patchchouli herb)---广藿香(powder100g/bottle)

Price:
$19.74
Weight:
0.30 LBS
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Calculated at checkout


Product Description

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The souce is from the aerial parts of a perennial herb, Pogostemon cablin ( Blanco) Benth., family Labiatae, It is collecred in summer and autumn when the foliage is in its luxuriance and the crude one is cut into segments for use.

[ Medicinal Properties]: Pungent and slightly warm; relate to the spleen, stomach and lung meridians.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 3-9g. The amount of the fresh is doubled. The leaves tend to relieve the exterior, stalks tend to harmonize the middle, fresh ones are good for summer heat.

[ Precautions] : Contraindicated in yin deficiency with blood dryness.
 
[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Retention of dampness in the middle energizer      It is the most significant medicinal of resolving damp with fragrance. For harassment of spleen by cold-damp manifested as epigastric and abdominal stuffiness and fullness, poor appetite, vomiting, listlessness, fatigue, it is usually used together with Cangzhu, Houpo and Chenpi,etc., such as in Buhuangjin Zhengqi Powder.
 
2. Vomiting     For vomiting due to damp turbidity in the spleen and stomach, it can be used alone, or together with Banxia and Dingxiang, etc. For damp-heat, it can be used together with Huanglian and Zhuru, etc. For vomiting of pregnancy, it is used together with Sharen and Sugeng, etc. For deficiency of the spleen and stomach, it is usually used together with Dangshen and Baizhu.
 
3. Early stage of summer-damp and damp-warm syndromes       For affection of exogenous wind-cold in summer and retention of dampness and cold in the interior manifested as aversion to cold, fever, headache, epigastric stuffiness, vomiting, nausea and diarrhea, it is usually combined with Zisu, Houpo and Banxia, etc.,such as in Huoxiang Zhengqi Powder. For early stage of summer-damp with damp equal to heat, it is combined with Huangqin, Huashi and Yinchen, etc., such as in Ganlu Xiaodu Pill.

广藿香为唇形科植物广藿香Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth的地上部分。主产于广东、海南等地。夏秋季枝叶茂盛时采割。切段生用。
      
【药性】辛,微温。归脾、胃、肺经。        【功效】化湿,止呕,解暑。       
 
【应用】        1.湿阻中焦。本品气味芳香,为芳香化湿浊要药。又因其性微温,故多用于寒湿困脾所致的脘腹痞闷,少食作呕,神疲体倦等症,常与苍术、厚朴等同用,如不换金正气散(《和剂局方》)。       
 
 2.呕吐。本品既能化湿,又能和中止呕。治湿浊中阻所致之呕吐,本品最为捷要。常与半夏、丁香等同用,如藿香半夏汤(《和剂局方》)。若偏于湿热者,配黄连、竹茹等;妊娠呕吐,配砂仁、苏梗等;脾胃虚弱者,配党参、白术等。       
 
3.暑湿、湿温。本品既能化湿,又可解暑。治暑月外感风寒,内伤生冷而致恶寒发热,头痛脘闷,呕恶吐泻暑湿证者,配紫苏、厚朴、半夏等,如藿香正气散(《和剂局方》);若湿温病初起,湿热并重者,多与黄芩、滑石、茵陈等同用,如甘露消毒丹温热经纬》。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,5~10g。鲜品加倍。        【使用注意】阴虚血燥者不宜用。        【
 
古籍摘要】        1.《名医别录》:“疗风水毒肿,去恶气,疗霍乱,心痛。”       
 
2.《本草图经》:“治脾胃吐逆,为最要之药。”       
 
 3.《本草正义》:“藿香芳香而不嫌其猛烈,温煦而不偏于燥烈,能祛除阴霾湿邪,而助脾胃正气,为湿困脾阳,倦怠无力,饮食不甘,舌苔浊垢者最捷之药。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:含挥发油约1.5%,油中主要成分为广藿香醇,其它成分有苯甲醛、丁香油酚、桂皮醛等。另有多种其他倍半萜如竹烯等。尚含生物碱类。       
 2.药理作用:挥发油能促进胃液分泌,增强消化力,对胃肠有解痉作用。有防腐和抗菌作用,此外,尚有收敛止泻、扩张微血管而略有发汗等作用。       
 3.临床研究:据报道,以藿香为主配伍葫芦茶、矮地茶,水提取,制成胶囊,阴道内外用,用治念珠性阴道炎,有良效(中医杂志,1979,8:52)。       

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