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Guijia (Tortoise Shell)---龟甲/龟板(powder100g/bottle)

Price:
$71.12
Weight:
0.30 LBS
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Product Description

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This medicinal is the tergum and breastplate of the animal Chinemys reevesii(Gray)(Fam.Testudinidae).The animal can be captured all the year round. After it is killed or scalded to death wtih boiling water, its carapace is taken and cleared of remnant flesh. After which it is dreid by natural sunlight, soaked with vinegar and stir-baked with sand.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Salty, sweet and slightly cold; relate to liver, kidney ad heart meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]:  Nourish yin and suppress yang; tonify kidney and strengthen bones; nourish blood and replenish heart.

[ Clinical Applications ]:1. syndrome of liver-kidney yin deficiency    This syndrome manifests as yin deficiency with yang hyperactivity, yin deficiency with internal heat, or yin deficiency with stirring of internal wind. To treat dizziness and vertigo due to yin deficiency with yang hyperactivity, it is combined with Tiandong, Baishao and Muli, as in the Zhengan Xifeng Decoction. To treat bone-steaming and tidal fever, night sweating and spermatorrhea, due to yin deficiency with internal heat, it often prescribed with Shudihuang, Zhimu and Huangbo, as in Dabuyin Pills. In order to treat yin deficiency with stirring internal wind, manifesting as lassitude and clonic convulsions, it often used in combinatinwith Ejiao and Biejia.

2. Kidney deficiency with flaccidity of the tendons and bones    In combination with Shudihuang and Zhimu, as in the Hu Qian Pills, it treats flaccidity of tendons and bones, limpness and soreness in the lumbar region and knees and lack of strength to walk. Combined with Ziheche, Lurong and Danggui, it also treats pigeon breast and hunch back, due to insufficiency of spleen and kidney with deficiency of yin-blood, and maldevelopment.

3. Insufficiency of yin-blood with palpitations, insomnia and amnesia      Combined with Shichangpu, Yuanzhi and Longgu, as in Kongsheng Zhenzhong Pills, it treats palpitations, insomnia and amnesia, due to insufficiency of yin-blood.

furthermore, it is cool in nature and functions to stop bleeding, so it is appropriate for metrorrhagia and etrostaxis due to insecurity of thortughfare and concept vessels.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 9-24g, decoct first. Stir-baked with san and soaked with vinegar, its active ingredicents are easily to be decocted out, its ordorus smell can be removed, and it is easier to be ground into powder and convenient for making preparations.

龟甲为龟科动物乌龟Chinemys reevesii (Gray)的腹甲及背甲。主产地浙江、湖北、湖南等。全年均可捕捉。杀死,或用沸水烫死,剥取甲壳,除去残肉,晒干,以砂炒后醋淬用。

       【药性】甘,寒。归肾、肝、心经。        【功效】滋阴,潜阳,益肾健骨,养血补心。       
 
【应用】        1.阴虚阳亢,阴虚内热,虚风内动。本品长于滋补肾阴,兼能滋养肝阴,故适用于肝肾阴虚而引起上述诸证。对阴虚阳亢头目眩晕之证,本品兼能潜阳,常与天冬、白芍、牡蛎等品同用,如镇肝息风汤(《医学衷中参西录》)。治阴虚内热,骨蒸潮热,盗汗遗精者,常与滋阴降火之熟地、知母、黄柏等品同用,如大补阴丸(《丹溪心法》)。本品性寒,兼退虚热,治阴虚风动,神倦瘈疭者,宜与阿胶、鳖甲、生地等品同用,如大定风珠(《温病条辨》)。       
 
 2.肾虚骨痿,囟门不合。本品长于滋肾养肝,又能健骨,故多用于肾虚之筋骨不健,腰膝酸软,步履乏力及小儿鸡胸、龟背、囟门不合诸症,常与熟地、知母、黄柏、锁阳等品同用,如虎潜丸(《丹溪心法》)。小儿脾肾不足,阴血亏虚,发育不良,出现鸡胸、龟背者,宜与紫河车、鹿茸、山药、当归等补脾益肾、益精养血之品同用。       
 
3.阴血亏虚,惊悸、失眠、健忘。本品入于心肾,又可以养血补心,安神定志,适用于阴血不足,心肾失养之惊悸、失眠、健忘,常与石菖蒲、远志、龙骨等品同用,如孔子大圣知枕中方(现简称枕中丹)(《千金方》)。        此外,本品还能止血。因其长于滋养肝肾,性偏寒凉,故尤宜于阴虚血热,冲任不固之崩漏、月经过多。常与生地、黄芩、地榆等滋阴清热、凉血止血之品同用。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,9~24g。宜先煎。本品经砂炒醋淬后,有效成分更容易煎出;并除去腥气,便于制剂。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主……小儿囟不合”。        2.《本草纲目》:“补心、补肾、补血,皆以养阴也……观龟甲所主诸病,皆属阴虚血弱”。      
 
  3.《本草通玄》:“大有补水制火之功,故能强筋骨,益心智……止新血”。        【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含动物胶、角蛋白、脂肪、骨胶原、18种氨基酸,及钙、磷、锶、锌、铜等多种常量及微量元素。龟上甲与下甲所含成分相似。        2.药理作用:龟甲能改善动物“阴虚”证病理动物机能状态,使之恢复正常;能增强免疫功能;具有双向调节DNA合成率的效应;对离体和在体子宫均有兴奋作用;有解热、补血、镇静作用;尚有抗凝血、增加冠脉流量和提高耐缺氧能力等作用;龟甲胶有一定提升白细胞数的作用。       
 
3.临床研究:据报道,以龟板、猪肚各500g,洗净切成小块,置砂锅内加水文火炖成糊状,不放或少放盐,早晚各服1次,2日服完;隔日再用1剂,3剂为1疗程;治疗慢性肾炎蛋白尿,有一定疗效(广西中医药,1985,4:11);用全龟丸治疗肿瘤患者的胃肠道反应,对症状有改善,患者精神好转,体力有明显增强(中成药,1994,5:56)。
 
本品还有用于治疗腰椎肥大症、皮肤瘙痒症、小儿消化不良等疾病的报道。

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