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Huajiao ( Pricklyash Peel)---川花椒(powder100g/bottle)

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 It is the dried mature peel of Zanthoxylum schinifolium Sieb. et Zucc. or Zanthoxylum bungenum Maxim., family Rutaceae. The medicinals which produced in Sichuan Province is the best, it is also called Chuang-jiao, Shu-jiao. The mature fruits are collected in autumn and dried in the sunshine, seed ,stem and other impurity must be removed. The raw or the stir-baked form can be utilized as a medicine.

[ Medicinal properties ]: Pungent in flavor, warm in nature; relate to the spleen, stomach and kidney meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]; Warm the middle energizer to relieve pain; kill worms to relieve itching.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Syndrome of epigastric and abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea     In treating epigastric and abdominal pain due to deficency cold of spleen and stomach, it can be combined with Renshen, Ganjiang, such as in the formula Dajiangzhong Decoction; for diarrhea due to cold-dampness, it is used in combinatin with Cangzhu, Houpo, Chenpi.

2. Adbominal pain due to worms    In treating abdominal pain, cold hands and feet due to roundworm, it is often used in combination with Wumei, Huanglian, Ganjiang, such as in the formula Wumei Pill.

In addition, it has the fuction of killing worms to relieve itching, it can be used alone to treat for eczema, itching or used together with Kushen, Shechuangzi, Decocted for steaming and washing.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 3-6g is used for oral use. Appropriate amount is used for external use, decocted for steaming and washing.

花椒为芸香科植物青椒Zanthoxylum schinifolium Sieb.et Zucc.或花椒Z. bungeanum Maxim.的干燥成熟果皮。我国大部分地区有分布,但以四川产者为佳,故又名川椒、蜀椒。秋季采收成熟果实,晒干,除去种子及杂质。生用或炒用。

 【药性】辛、温。归脾、胃、肾经。        【功效】温中止痛,杀虫止痒。       
 
【应用】        1.中寒腹痛,寒湿吐泻。本品辛散温燥,入脾胃经,长于温中燥湿、散寒止痛、止呕止泻。常与生姜、白豆蔻等同用,治疗外寒内侵,胃寒腹痛、呕吐等症;与干姜、人参等配伍,治疗脾胃虚寒,脘腹冷痛、呕吐、不思饮食等,如大建中汤(《金匮要略》);与肉豆蔻同用,可治夏伤湿冷,泄泻不止,如川椒丸(《小儿卫生总微论方》)。       
 
 2.虫积腹痛,湿疹,阴痒。本品有驱蛔杀虫之功。常与乌梅、干姜、黄柏等同用,治疗虫积腹痛,手足厥逆,烦闷吐蛔等,如乌梅丸(《伤寒论》);单用煎液作保留灌肠,用治小儿蛲虫病,肛周瘙痒;若与吴茱萸、蛇床子、藜芦、陈茶、烧盐同用,水煎熏洗,治妇人阴痒不可忍,非以热汤泡洗不能已者,如椒茱汤(《医级》);单用或与苦参、蛇床子、地肤子、黄柏等,煎汤外洗,治湿疹瘙痒。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3~6g。外用适量,煎汤熏洗。     
 
 【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主邪气咳逆,温中,逐骨节皮肤死肌,寒湿痹痛,下气。”       
 
 2.《本草纲目》:“椒,纯阳之物,其味辛而麻,其气温以热。入肺散寒,治咳嗽;入脾除湿,治风寒湿痹,水肿泻痢;入右肾补火,治阳衰溲数,足弱,久痢诸证。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:果皮中挥发油的主要成分为柠檬烯,占总油量的25.10%,1,8-桉叶素占21.98%,月桂烯占11.99%,还含α-蒎烯,β-蒎烯,香桧烯,紫苏烯,芳樟醇,爱草脑等。果皮还含香草木宁碱,茵芋碱,单叶芸香品碱,脱肠草素等。       
 
 2.药理作用:本品具有抗动物实验性胃溃疡形成的作用;对动物离体小肠有双向调节作用,小剂量时兴奋,大剂量时抑制;并有镇痛抗炎作用;其挥发油对11种皮肤癣菌和4种深部真菌均有一定的抑制和杀死作用,其中羊毛小孢子菌和红色毛癣菌最敏感,并能杀疥螨等。       
 
3.临床研究:花椒20粒、食醋100g、糖少许煎煮后去花椒,一次服用,治胆道蛔虫病106例,治愈与好转95例(解放军医学杂志,1988,2:139);川椒(去籽)25g,紫皮大蒜100g,研成泥,揉搓患处,每日1~2次,治疗顽癣45例,经1~3个疗程全部治愈(中西医结合杂志,1990,4:211);花椒油制成栓剂,每晚置阴道中,5天为1疗程,治疗真菌性阴道炎418例,总有效率82.3%(药学通报,1988,5:291)。另有用花椒治疗绦虫病、牙痛、支气管哮喘、鸡眼等。       
 
 附药 椒目        为花椒的种子。性味苦寒。归肺、肾、膀胱经。功能利水消肿,降气平喘。适用于水肿胀满、痰饮咳喘等。煎服,3~10g。       

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