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Jineijin (Chicken's Gizzard-skin)---鸡内金

Price:
$20.00
Weight:
1.00 LBS
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Calculated at checkout


Product Description

jineijin-yuantai-l.jpg

 It is the membrane of the gizzard of Gallus domesticus Brisson, family phasianidae. The membrane peeled off, it is washed clean, dired in the sun and then ground into powder to be sued raw or stir-baked.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Sweet, neutral; relate to spleen, stomach , small intestine and bladder meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies]: Promote digestion and relieve dyspepsia; arrest seminal emission and relieve enuresis.

[ Clinical Application ]: 1. Indigestion     It has efficacious action for promoting digestion and can strengthen the spleen and stomach, for which it is used for indigestion for various reasons. For light cases, it could be ground into powder for oral use; for heavy cases, it is combined with Shanzha, Maiya to enhance the efficacy; for causes with spleen-deficiency, combined with Renshen, Baizhu and Shanyao.

2. Enuresis and emission       When used, it is usually combined with Tusizi, Sangpiaoxiao and other such medicinals which have the actions of warming kidney and arresting seminal emission to strengthen curative effect. In addition, Jineijin also has the actions of removing hardness and resolving the stone, for which it is usually combined with Jinqiancao to treat urinary stones or gall-stone.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 3-9 g. If taken after being groung into powder, 1.5-3g.

鸡内金为雉科动物家鸡Gallus gallus domesticus Brisson 的沙囊内壁。全国各地均产。杀鸡后,取出鸡肫,趁热剥取内壁,洗净,干燥。生用、炒用或醋制入药。

【药性】甘,平。归脾、胃、小肠、膀胱经。        【功效】消食健胃,涩精止遗。       
 
【应用】        1.饮食积滞,小儿疳积。本品消食化积作用较强,并可健运脾胃,故广泛用于米面薯芋乳肉等各种食积证。病情较轻者,单味研未服即有效,如《千金方》独用本品治消化不良引起反胃吐食;若配山楂、麦芽等,可增强消食导滞作用,治疗食积较重者。若与白术、山药、使君子等同用,可治小儿脾虚疳积。        2.肾虚遗精、遗尿。本品可固精缩尿止遗。如《吉林中草药》即以鸡内金单味炒焦研未,温酒送服治遗精;若以本品配菟丝子,桑螵蛸等,可治遗尿,如鸡肶胵散(《圣惠方》)。        3.砂石淋证,胆结石。本品入膀胱经,有化坚消石之功。《医林集要》以本品“烧存性”,治小便淋沥,痛不可忍。现常与金钱草等药同用,治砂石淋证或胆结石。       
 
 【用法用量】煎服,3~10g ;研未服,每次1.5~3g。研未服效果比煎剂好。        【使用注意】脾虚无积滞者慎用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主泄利。”        2.《日华子本草》:“止泄精,并尿血、崩中、带下、肠风泻痢。”        3.《滇南本草》:“宽中健脾,消食磨胃。治小儿乳食结滞,肚大筋青,痞积疳积。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:鸡内金含胃激素、角蛋白、微量胃蛋白酶、淀粉酶、多种维生素与微量元素,以及18种氨基酸等。       
 
 2.药理作用:口服粉剂后,胃液分泌量、酸度和消化力均见提高,胃运动机能明显增强;体外实验能增强胃蛋白酶、胰脂肪酶活性。动物实验可加强膀胱括约肌收缩,减少尿量,提高醒觉。鸡内金的酸提取物可加速放射性锶的排泄。      
 
  3.临床研究:据报道,用鸡内金或经适当配伍可用于治疗消化不良、体虚遗精、无阻力性尿失禁、小儿遗尿、尿频等多种疾病,疗效满意。近年还报道:用金矾散(炙鸡内金、枯矾各等分)以淡盐糖水送服,治疗婴幼儿腹泻100例,效果满意(云南中医杂志,1984,3∶21);服用由鸡内金、茵陈等组成的摩罗丹治疗萎缩性胃炎325例,每次服1~2丸,日3次,饭前服,连服3个月为1疗程,经胃镜复查,有效率60.9%(中医药,1989,3∶25);用鸡内金50g、青皮、陈皮各20g,研细末,每次服10g,日3次,治疗胃石症280例,治愈率96.8%(时珍国医国药,1988,2∶117);
 
此外,又用本品治疗骨髓前角灰质炎后遗症、扁平疣等疾病。       
 
【其他】鸡内金炮制后淀粉酶活性下降,而蛋白酶活性增强;醋鸡内金的氨基酸总量亦有所提高(中国中药杂志,1994,4∶222)。       

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