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Jingjie (Fineleaf Schizonepeta herb )---荆芥(powder100g/bottle)

Price:
$18.72
Weight:
0.30 LBS
Shipping:
Calculated at checkout


Product Description

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Jingjie is the dried above ground part of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq,pertaining to Labiatae.after the impurities are removed,it is sun dried,and then cut into segments. the raw form is used or after stir-bakeked to charcoal.

[ Medicinal Properties ]:Pungent and slightly warm; relate to lung and liver meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]:release superficies, dispel wind; promote eruption, cure sore; stop bleeding.

[ Usage and Dosage ]:4.5 -9 g. avoid long time decocting. to stop bleeding, it should be stir-baked to charcoal. spike of jingjie is good at dispel wind.
[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. External contraction of exterior syndrome   Jiangjie is mild, and can treat wind-cold or wind-heat. For external contraction of wind-cold, manifesting as aversion to cold, fever, headache without sweating, in combination with Fangfeng, Qianghuo and Duhuo; for example in Jiangfang Baidu Powder. For external contraction of wind-heat, which manifests as fever and headache, it is in combination with Jinyihua ,Lianqiao and Bohe; for example in Yinqiao Powder.
 
2. Rubella, itching, and measles failing to erupt      It treats rubella with itching, in combination with kushen, Fangfeng and Baijili. Also it treats external contraction of external pathogen, early stage of measles, or measles failing to erupt, in combination with Chantui, Bohe and Zicao.
 
3. Early stage of sores and ulcers, with exterior syndrome     In combination with Jinyinhua, Lianqiao and Fangfeng.
 
4. Haematemesis, epistaxis, and other bleeding diseases      After stir-baked to charcoal, it can astringe to stop bleeding, therefore to treat haematemesis, epistaxis, hematochezia, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis.

荆芥为唇形科植物荆芥Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq.的干燥地上部分。主产于江苏、浙江、河南、河北、山东等地。多为栽培。夏、秋二季花开到顶、穗绿时采割,除去杂质,晒干,切段。生用或炒炭用。
 
【药性】辛,微温。归肺、肝经。       
 
 【功效】祛风解表,透疹消疮,止血。       
 
 【应用】        1.外感表证。本品辛散气香,长于发表散风,且微温不烈,药性和缓,为发散风寒药中药性最为平和之品。对于外感表证,无论风寒、风热或寒热不明显者,均可广泛使用。用治风寒感冒,恶寒发热、头痛无汗者,常与防风、羌活、独活等药同用,如荆防败毒散(《摄生众妙方》);治疗风热感冒,发热头痛者,每与辛凉解表药银花、连翘、薄荷等配伍,如银翘散(《温病条辨》)。       
 
 2.麻疹不透、风疹瘙痒。本品质轻透散,祛风止痒,宣散疹毒。用治表邪外束,麻疹初起、疹出不畅,常与蝉蜕、薄荷、紫草等药同用;若配伍苦参、防风、白蒺藜等药,又治风疹瘙痒。       
 
3.疮疡初起兼有表证。本品能祛风解表,透散邪气,宣通壅结而达消疮之功,故可用于疮疡初起而有表证者。偏于风寒者,常配伍羌活、川芎、独活等药;偏于风热者,每与银花、连翘、柴胡等药配伍。       
 
 4.吐衄下血。本品炒炭,其性味已由辛温变为苦涩平和,长于理血止血,可用于吐血、衄血、便血、崩漏等多种出血证。治血热妄行之吐血、衄血,常配伍生地黄、白茅根、侧柏叶等药;治血热便血、痔血,每与地榆、槐花、黄芩炭等药同用;治妇女崩漏下血,可配伍棕榈炭、莲房炭等固崩止血药。       
 
 【用法用量】煎服,4.5~9g,不宜久煎。发表透疹消疮宜生用;止血宜炒用。荆芥穗更长于祛风。       
 
 【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主寒热,鼠瘘,瘰疬生疮,破结聚气,下瘀血,除湿痹。”       
2.《药性论》:“治恶风贼风,口面喎邪,遍身顽痹,心虚忘事,益力添精。主辟邪毒气,除劳,治丁肿。”       
3.《滇南本草》:“荆芥穗,上清头目诸风,止头痛,明目,解肺、肝、咽喉热痛,消肿,除诸毒,发散疮痈。治便血,止女子暴崩,消风热,通肺气鼻窍塞闭。”       
 
 【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含挥发油,其主要成分为右旋薄荷酮、消旋薄荷酮、胡椒酮及少量右旋柠檬烯。另含荆芥苷、荆芥醇、黄酮类化合物等。       
2.药理作用:荆芥水煎剂可增强皮肤血液循环,增加汗腺分泌,有微弱解热作用;对金黄色葡萄球菌、白喉杆菌有较强的抑菌作用,对伤寒杆菌、痢疾杆菌、绿脓杆菌和人型结核杆菌均有一定抑制作用。生品不能明显缩短出血时间,而荆芥炭则能使出血时间缩短。荆芥甲醇及醋酸乙酯提取物均有一定的镇痛作用。荆芥对醋酸引起的炎症有明显的抗炎作用,荆芥穗有明显的抗补体作用。        3.临床研究:①治疗小儿外感咳嗽250例,以荆芥、前胡、百部、蝉蜕、桔梗各4g,僵蚕5g,板蓝根12g,苦杏仁、陈皮、甘草各3g为基本方,若风寒咳嗽加防风、紫苏叶各3g,风热咳嗽加金银花10g、薄荷5g,燥热、肺热者不宜用荆芥,结果取得了较好的疗效(新中医,1997,29(6): 45)。
②辛芷荆防散外敷治疗局限性湿疹。方药组成及使用方法:荆芥、防风、细辛、白芷各等份,共研细末,装瓶备用。使用时取川椒适量,煎水熏洗患处,继用醋调药末外敷,每日2次,3日为1疗程(河南中医,1990,10(4):24)。
③用荆芥、防风、地肤子、蛇床子各10~30g,加水1000ml煎沸10min,滤出药液热敷、坐浴、冲洗,每剂可煎用2次,治疗阴痒患者100例,效果良好(陕西中医学院学报,1993,16(3):25)。
此外,荆芥还可用治产后血晕、牛皮癣、骨性膝关节炎、扁平疣、破伤风等病。

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