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Kushen ( Light-yellow Sophora Root )---苦参(powder100g/bottle)

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Product Description

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Kushen is the dried root of Sophora Flavescens Ait., pertaining to Leguminosae. It is collected in spring ad fall. After the root tail and small branch root are removed, it is washed and then dired. Also it can be cut into slices when it is fresh, and then dired. The raw form is used.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Bitter ad cold; relate to heart, liver, stomach, large intestine and bladder meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Clear heat, dry dampness; dispel wind, relieve itching, kill worms and promote urination.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 4.5-9g. Also it can be used externally.

[ Precautions ]: Avoid with deficiency-cold of spleen and stomach. Mutual antagonistic with Lilu.
 
[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Damp-heat, jaundice , dysenteruy, hematochezia, leucorrhea and pruritus vulvae    For jaundice due to damp-heat , it is in combination with Longdancao and Zhizi. By itself, it can treat dysentery. In case of yellow and sticky leucorrhea with pruritus vulvae, usually it is combined with Huangbo, Baizhi and Shechuangzi. In recent years it is used to treat trichomonas vaginalis with satisfying effect.
 
2. Eczema, skin itching, scabies, ringworm, and leprosy    By itself orcombined with Huangbo and Shechuangzi, it treats eczema in decoction for external washig. In case of rubella with itching, it is combined with Fangfeng, Chantui and Jingjie; for example in Xiaofeng Powder . Also it treats scabies, combined with Liuhuang and Kufan as soft paste.
 
3. Accumulation of damp-heat, and unsmooth urination    It treats unsmooth urination with hot sensation and pain due to accumulation of damp-heat ,by itself or combined with Shiwei, Cheqianzi and Zhizi.

苦参为豆科植物苦参Sophora flavescens Ait. 的干燥根。我国各地均产。春、秋二季采挖,除去根头及小须根,洗净,干燥;或趁鲜切片,干燥。生用。
      
【药性】苦,寒。归心、肝、胃、大肠、膀胱经。       
 
【功效】清热燥湿,杀虫,利尿。       
 
【应用】        1.湿热泻痢、便血、黄疸。本品苦寒,入胃、大肠经,功能清热燥湿而治胃肠湿热所致泄泻、痢疾,可单用,如《仁存堂经验方》以本品制丸服,治血痢不止;或配木香用,如香参丸(《奇方类编》);治湿热便血、痔漏出血,可配生地黄用,如苦参地黄丸(《外科大成》);若治湿热蕴蒸之黄疸,可配龙胆、牛胆汁等用,如《补缺肘后方》治谷疸方。      
 
  2.湿热带下、阴肿阴痒、湿疹湿疮、皮肤瘙痒、疥癣。本品既能清热燥湿,又能杀虫止痒,为治湿热所致带下证及某些皮肤病的常用药。若治湿热带下、阴肿阴痒,可配蛇床子、鹤虱等药用,如榻痒汤(《外科正宗》),若治湿疹、湿疮,单用煎水外洗有效,或配黄柏、蛇床子煎水外洗;治皮肤瘙痒,可配皂角、荆芥等药用,如参角丸(《鸡峰普济方》);若配防风、蝉蜕、荆芥等药用,可治风疹瘙痒,如消风散(《外科正宗》);若治疥癣,可配花椒煎汤外搽,如参椒汤(《外科证治全书》),或配硫黄、枯矾制成软膏外涂。       
 
3.湿热小便不利。本品既能清热,又能利尿,可用治湿热蕴结之小便不利、灼热涩痛,常配石韦、车前子、栀子等药用。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,5—10g。外用适量。       
 
【使用注意】脾胃虚寒者忌用,反藜芦。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主心腹气结,癥瘕积聚,黄疸,溺有余沥,逐水,除痈肿。”       
2.《本草纲目》:“治肠风泻血,并热痢。”       
3.《本草正义》:“苦参,大苦大寒,退热泄降,荡涤湿火,其功效与芩、连、龙胆皆相近,而苦参之苦愈甚,其燥尤烈,故能杀湿热所生之虫,较之芩、连力量益烈。近人乃不敢以入煎剂,盖不特畏其苦味难服,亦嫌其峻厉而避之也。然毒风恶癞,非此不除,今人但以为洗疮之用,恐未免因噫而废食耳。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含苦参碱、氧化苦参碱、异苦参碱、槐果碱、异槐果碱、槐胺碱、氧化槐果碱等生物碱,此外还含苦醇C、苦醇G、异苦参酮、苦参醇、新苦参醇等黄酮类化合物。       
2.药理作用:本品对心脏有明显的抑制作用,可使心率减慢,心肌收缩力减弱,心输出量减少;苦参、苦参碱、苦参黄酮均有抗心率失常作用;苦参注射液对乌头碱所致心率失常,作用较快而持久,并有降压作用;其煎剂对结核杆菌、痢疾杆菌、金黄色葡萄球菌、大肠杆菌均有抑制作用,对多种皮肤真菌也有抑制作用。还有利尿、抗炎、抗过敏、镇静、平喘、祛痰、升高白细胞、抗肿瘤等作用。       
3.临床研究:结合传统用本品治疗湿热黄疸,现代临床用以治疗急性黄疸性肝炎;取苦参、槐花,水煎,滤液浓缩,用时加锡类散、奴夫卡因作直肠内点滴或灌肠,治疗慢性直肠炎206例,效果显著(四川中医,1991,5:27);用苦参、丹参、炙甘草,为基本方加减,治疗病毒性心肌炎160例,治愈56例,显效60例,好转28例(湖南中医杂志,1997,4:28);此外,临床上应用苦参的各种制剂广泛用于治疗急性细菌性痢疾、霉菌性肠炎、慢性溃疡性结肠炎、食道炎、扁桃体炎、宫颈炎、盆腔炎、阴道炎、神经性皮炎、湿疹、烫伤、淋病、心率失常、失眠、哮喘等多种疾病。       

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