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Mabo ( Puff-ball )---马勃(powder100g/bottle)

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Product Description

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Mabo is the dried fruiting body of Lasiosphaera fenzlii Reich., Dalvatia gigantean ( Batsch ex Pers.) Lloyd., or Calvatia lilacina ( Mont. et Berk ) Lloyd., pertaining to Lycoperdaceae. It is collected in summer and fall when the fruiting body became mature. After earth and sands are removed, it is dried. The raw form is used.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Pungent and neutral; relate to lung meridian.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Clear heat, relieve toxicity; clear lung, relieve sore-throat; stop bleeding.

[ Usagd and Dosage ]: 1-1.5 g. It is decocted with wrapping or use in pills and powders. Also the powder externally onto the wound.

[ Precautions ]: Avoid with aphonia and cough due to wind-cold.
 
[ Clinical Applications ]: Lung heat, cough, swollen and sore throat      It is used singly after ground into powder to be kept in mouth then gulped down, or combined with Xuangshen, Banlangen and Niubangzi; for example in Puji Xiaodu Decoction.
 
2. Blood heat, haematemesis, epistaxis, traumatic injuries and bleeding     By itself, it treats haematemesis and epistaxis, due to accelerated blood circulation caused by blood heat, or combined with granulated sugar as pills. In case of bleeding due to traumatic injuries, paste the powder externally onto the wound.

马勃为灰包科真菌脱皮马勃Lasiosphaera fenzlii Reich. 大马勃Calvatia gigantea (Batsch ex Pers.)Lloyd或紫色马勃Calvatia li1acina (Mont. et Berk.) Lloyd的干燥子实体。脱皮马勃主产于辽宁、甘肃、湖北、江苏、湖南、广西、安徽;大马勃主产于内蒙古、河北、青海、吉林、湖北;紫色马勃主产于广东、广西、湖北、江苏、安徽。夏、秋二季子实体成熟时及时采收,除去泥沙,干燥。除去外层硬皮,切成方块,或研成粉,生用。
      
【药性】辛,平。归肺经。       
 
【功效】清热解毒,利咽,止血。       
 
【应用】        1.咽喉肿痛,咳嗽失音。本品味辛质轻,入肺经。既能宣散肺经风热,又能清泻肺经实火,长于解毒利咽,为治咽喉肿痛的常用药。本品又能止血敛疮,故对喉证有出血和溃烂者尤为适宜。用治风热及肺火所致咽喉肿痛、咳嗽、失音,常与牛蒡子、玄参、板蓝根等同用,如普济消毒饮(《东垣试效方》)。       
 
2.吐血衄血,外伤出血。本品有清热凉血,收敛止血之功,用治火邪迫肺,血热妄行引起的吐血、衄血等症,可单用,如《袖珍方》中以本品与砂糖为丸,治血热吐血,或与其他凉血止血药配伍使用;用治外伤出血,可用马勃粉撒敷伤口。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,1.5~6g,布包煎;或入丸、散。外用适量,研末撒,或调敷患处,或作吹药。       
 
【使用注意】风寒伏肺咳嗽失音者禁服。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《名医别录》:“主恶疮,马疥。”       
2.《本草纲目》:“清肺,散血热,解毒。”“马勃轻虚,上焦肺经药也。故能清肺热咳嗽,喉痹,衄血,失音诸病。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含紫颓马勃酸、马勃素、马勃素葡萄糖苷、尿素、麦角甾醇、亮氨酸、酪氨酸、磷酸钠、砷及α—直链淀粉酶。       
 
2.药理作用:脱皮马勃有止血作用,对口腔及鼻出血有明显的止血效果。其煎剂对金黄色葡萄球菌、绿脓杆菌、变形杆菌及肺炎双球菌均有抑制作用,对少数致病真菌也有抑制作用。       
 
3.临床研究:据报道,马勃在临床上主要用于上呼吸道感染、鼻出血、外伤性出血、上消化道出血以及外科手术止血等,均有较好效果。马勃尚可用于其他疾病,如:另有用马勃适量敷盖或填塞清疮后的患处,治疗糖尿病坏疽,均获治愈(吉林中医药1991,5:10);用干燥马勃撕成1~3cm块状,高压消毒,直接覆盖于清疮消毒后的外伤疮面,加压包扎,治疗外伤性创面191例,5~10日内疮面脱痂痊愈(辽宁中医杂志 1995,4:171);用马勃粉高压消毒后,撒于患处,治疗溃破的冻疮132例,治愈率为95%;用马勃配黄连、明矾等,煎汤保留灌肠,治疗非特异性溃疡性直肠炎,取得良效(中药临床新用2001:76)。      
 
  4.不良反应:在用药过程中,偶有身热、头昏、倦怠、呕吐、腹痛或失眠,尿频及皮肤过敏等,一般在1~2周内可消失,严重者停药后即可愈。       

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