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Moyao (Myrrh)---没药(powder100g/bottle)

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$20.90
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Product Description

010.pngIt is the resin from the bark of Commiphora myrrha Engl, or other species in the same genus, family Burseraceae. The resin oozing out of crevices in the tree is white, and then turns reddish brown and hard when exposed to the air. After being collected, it is broken apart and stir-bakedto burn black and then it is ready to use as a medicine.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Bitter, neutral; relate to heart, liver and spleen meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Promote circulation of blood to alleviate pain; subside swelling and promote tissue regeneration.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Blood-stasis causing pain      It has the similar efficacy as Ruxiang. When terating dysmenorrheal, epigastric pain, physical trauma, carbuncles and pains, Ruxiang and Moyao are usually combined together to reinforce the efficacy of activating the blood and alleviating pain. The difference between them is that Ruxiang is better to move qi and extend tendons, while Moyao is able to dissipate the blood and remove stasis. It is Ruxiang, not MOyao, that is used in the Juanbi Decoction Decoction, which is for Bi-syndromes. Yet, when treating stomach pain due to heavy blood-stasis and qi stagnation, it is Moyao, not Ruxiang, that should be chosen, such as in the Shounian Powder, which is comprised of Moyao, Wulingzhi, Yanhusuo and Xiangfu.

2. Indolence sores and ulcers after rupture     To treat indolent sores and ulcers after rupture, it is usually used combined with Ruxiang.

[ Usage and Dosage ]:3-10g. Appropriate amount for external application.

[ Precautions ]: The same as Ruxiang. When used together with Ruxiang , decrease the amount of both medicinals.

没药为橄榄科植物没药树Commiphora myrrha Engl.或其他同属植物皮部渗出的油胶树脂。主产于索马里、埃塞俄比亚及印度等地。野生或栽培。11月至次年2月,采集由树皮裂缝处渗出于空气中变成红棕色坚块的油胶树脂。拣去杂质,打成碎块生用,内服多制用,清炒或醋炙。

       【药性】辛、苦,平。归心、肝、脾经。        【功效】活血止痛,消肿生肌。       
 
【应用】        没药的功效主治与乳香相似。常与乳香相须为用,治疗跌打损伤瘀滞疼痛,痈疽肿痛,疮疡溃后久不收口以及一切瘀滞痛证。区别在于乳香偏于行气、伸筋,治疗痹证多用。没药偏于散血化瘀,治疗血瘀气滞较重之胃痛多用。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3—10g。外用适量。        【使用注意】同乳香。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《医学入门》:“此药推陈出新,故能破宿血,消肿止痛,为疮家奇药也。”       
 
 2.《本草纲目》:“散血消肿,定痛生肌。”“乳香活血,没药散血,皆能止痛消肿生肌,故二药每每相兼而用。”       
 
3.《医学衷中参西录》:“乳香、没药,二药并用,为宣通脏腑,流通经络之要药,故凡心胃胁腹肢体关节诸疼痛皆能治之。又善治女子行经腹疼,产后瘀血作痛,月事不能时下。其通气活血之力,又善治风寒湿痹,周身麻木,四肢不遂及一切疮疡肿疼,或其疮硬不疼。外用为粉以敷疮疡,能解毒消肿,生肌止痛。虽为开通之药,不至耗伤气血,诚良药也。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:没药含没药树脂、挥发油、树胶,少量苦味质,并含没药酸、甲酸、乙酸及氧化酶。挥发油含丁香酚、间甲基酚、蒎烯、柠檬烯、桂皮醛等。树胶与阿拉伯相似,水解则生成阿拉伯糖、半乳糖、木糖。       
 
 2.药理作用:没药对离体子宫先呈短暂的兴奋,后呈抑制现象;含油脂部分具有降脂、防止动脉内膜粥样斑块形成的作用;水浸剂对多种真菌有抑制作用,挥发油能轻度抑制霉菌;有局部刺激作用,能兴奋肠蠕动。       
 
 3.临床研究:以没药胶囊(每药含没药浸膏0.1g),每次2-3粒,日3次,疗程2个月,共治52例高脂血症。结果没药有明显的降胆固醇的作用,总有效率为 65.7%,并能明显降低血浆纤维蛋白原(中医杂志,1988,(6):45)。用没药、金银花制成煎液,以5-8层纱布浸取药液,外敷患处,治疗192里皮肤病患者,其中急性湿疹67例,慢性湿疹急性发作42例,接触性皮炎52例,脚癣合并感染26例。结果全部治愈。(中西医结合杂志,1990,(8):492)。此外,没药在临床上还用于治疗缺血性心脏病、急慢性软组织扭伤等。        4.不良反应:没药对局部有较强的刺激性,未经炮制或排制不当,可引起胸中烦闷、卧寐不安、呕吐、腹痛腹泻等。制没药的主要不良反应为过敏,表现为周身不适、面部潮红、全身皮疹、瘙痒等。因此,孕妇忌用,胃弱者慎用。如出现不良反应,应即停药,并予抗过敏等对症处理。

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