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Muli (Oyster Shell )---牡蛎

Price:
$7.87
Weight:
1.00 LBS
Shipping:
Calculated at checkout


Product Description

muli-yuantai-l.jpgmuli-yinpian-l-40881-1348172021-120-120.jpg

 Muli is the shell of Ostrea gigas Thunberg, Ostrea talienwhanensis Crosse or Ostrea rivular is Gould, pertaing to Ostreidae. It is collected in all seasons. After the flesh is removed, the shell is collected and then sun dried. The raw form is used or after calined. It is pounded for administration.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Salty and slightly cold; relate to liver, gallbladder and kidney meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Subdue yang, nourish yin; induce sedation with heavy settling; soften hardness and dissipate nodulation; and astringe.

[ Clinical applications ]: 1. Dizziness, dizzy vision and spasms        It treat dizziness, dizzy vision, agitation and tinnitus due to yin deficiency with yang hyperactivity, usually combined with Longgu and Guiban; for example in Zhengan Xifeng Decoction. For spasms of four limbs, due to internal stirring of deficiency-wind, usually it is combined with Shengdihuang and Guijia; for example , in Dadingfengzhu Decoction.

2. Uneasiness, fright palpitation and insomnia     Usually it is combined with Longgu in mutual reinforcement; for example in Guizhi Gancao Lounggu Muli Decoction.

3. Phlegm nodule, scrofula, goiter, abdominal mass    In case of phlegm nodule, scrofula and goiter, due to accumulation of phlegm fire, it is combined with Zhebeimu and Xuanshen. It treats abdominal mass usually combined with Biejia and Danshen.

4. Various slip and loss diseases       For spontaneous sweating and night sweating usually it is combined with Mahuanggen and Fuxiaomai, such as , in Muli Powder. In case of seminal emission and spermatorrhea due to kidney insufficiency, usually it is combined with Shayuanzi and Longgu; for example in Jinsuo Gujing Pills. It treats frequent urination and enuresis, usually combined with Sangpiaoqiao and Yizhiren. For metrorrhagia, metrostaxis and leucorrhea, it is combined with Haipiaoqiao and Shanyao.

The calcined one can restrain acidity and alleviate pain, so as to treat stomach pain and sour regurgitation.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 9-30g. It is pounded and decocted first when it is used in decoction. Also it is used externally. For astringency it should be calcined, while for others disease the raw form is used.

[ Medicinal Comparison ]: Similarities: Both Longgu and Muli can induce sedation with heavy settling, pacify liver, subdue yang and astringe to treat uneasiness, fright palpitation, insomnia, yin deficiency with yang hyperactivity, dizziness and dizzy vision, as well as various slip and loss diseases.

 Differences: Longgu is good at inducing sedation with heavy settling and stronger in astringing than Muli. Muli is good at pacifying liver and subduing yang, and able to soft hardness and dissipate nodulation to treat scrofula, goiter and abdominal mass.

牡蛎为牡蛎科动物长牡蛎Ostrea gigas Thunberg、大连湾牡蛎Ostrea talienwhanensis Crosse或近江牡蛎Ostrea rivularis Gould的贝壳。我国沿海一带均有分布。全年均可采收,采得后,去肉,取壳,洗净,晒干。生用或煅用。用时打碎。

       【药性】咸,微寒。归肝、胆、肾经。        【功效】重镇安神,潜阳补阴,软坚散结。       
 
【应用】        1.心神不安,惊悸失眠。本品质重能镇,有安神之功效,用治心神不安,惊悸怔忡,失眠多梦等症,常与龙骨相须为用,如桂枝甘草龙骨牡蛎汤(《伤寒论》)。亦可配伍朱砂、琥珀、酸枣仁等安神之品。       
 
2.肝阳上亢,头晕目眩。本品咸寒质重,入肝经,有平肝潜阳,益阴之功。用治水不涵木,阴虚阳亢,头目眩晕,烦躁不安,耳鸣者,常与龙骨、龟甲、白芍等同用,如镇肝息风汤(《医学衷中参西录》);亦治热病日久,灼烁真阴,虚风内动,四肢抽搐之症,常与生地黄、龟甲、鳖甲等养阴、息风止痉药配伍,如大定风珠(《温病条辨》)。       
 
3.痰核,瘰疬,瘿瘤,癥瘕积聚。本品味咸,软坚散结。用治痰火郁结之痰核,瘰疬,瘿瘤等,常与浙贝母、玄参等配伍,如消瘰丸(《医学心悟》);用治气滞血瘀的癥瘕积聚,常与鳖甲、丹参、莪术等同用。      
 
  4.滑脱诸证。本品煅后有与煅龙骨相似的收敛固涩作用,通过不同配伍可治疗自汗,盗汗,遗精,滑精,尿频,遗尿,崩漏,带下等滑脱之证。用治自汗,盗汗,常与麻黄根、浮小麦等同用,如牡蛎散(《和剂局方》),亦可用牡蛎粉扑撒汗处,有止汗作用;治肾虚遗精,滑精,常与沙苑子、龙骨、芡实等配伍,如金锁固精丸(《医方集解》);治尿频,遗尿可与桑螵蛸、金樱子、益智仁、龙骨等同用;治疗崩漏,带下证,又常与海螵蛸、山茱萸、山药、龙骨等配伍。       
 
 此外,煅牡蛎有制酸止痛作用,可治胃痛泛酸,与乌贼骨、浙贝母共为细末,内服取效。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,9~30g;宜打碎先煎。外用适量。收敛固涩宜煅用,其他宜生用。       
 
【鉴别用药】龙骨与牡蛎均有重镇安神、平肝潜阳、收敛固涩作用,均可用治心神不安、惊悸失眠、阴虚阳亢、头晕目眩及各种滑脱证。然龙骨长于镇惊安神,且收敛固涩力优于牡蛎;牡蛎平肝潜阳功效显著,又有软坚散结之功。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“惊恚怒气,除拘缓,鼠瘘,女子带下赤白。”       
 
2.《海药本草》:“主男子遗精,虚劳乏损,补肾正气,止盗汗,去烦热,治伤寒热痰,能补养安神,治孩子惊癎。”       
 
3.《本草备要》:“咸以软坚化痰,消瘰疬结核,老血疝瘕。涩以收脱,治遗精崩带,止嗽敛汗,固大小肠。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含碳酸钙、磷酸钙及硫酸钙。并含铜、铁、锌、锰、锶、铬等微量元素及多种氨基酸。       
 
 2.药理作用:牡蛎粉末动物实验有镇静,抗惊厥作用,并有明显的镇痛作用;煅牡蛎1号可明显提高抗实验性胃溃疡活性;牡蛎多糖具有降血脂,抗凝血,抗血栓等作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:据报道,用牡蛎粉治疗肺结核盗汗,一般服药2~3剂后盗汗消失(江苏中医,1964,2:39);以生牡蛎30g,玄参15g,川贝10g,全瓜蒌30g,蒲公英20g,水煎服。治疗左乳生一鸡卵大小之乳癖1枚,服药7剂后乳癖削减三分之一,又7剂消无芥蒂(上海中医药杂志,1988,4:29)。
 
另有用牡蛎等治疗慢性肝炎、泄泻、过敏性紫癜等。       

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