Loading... Please wait...

Categories

Our Newsletter


NanShashen (Coastal Glehnia Root)---南沙参

Price:
$0.00
Shipping:
Calculated at checkout


Product Description

nanshashen-yuantai-l.jpgnanshashen-yinpian-l.jpg

Nan SHa shen 南沙参 This medicinal is the root of Adenophora tetraphylla (Thunb.)Fisch or Adenophora. stricta Miq. (Fam. Campanulaceae).

It is sweet, slightly cold, relates to the lung and stomach meridians, with the actions of nourishing yin and clearing lung heat, resolving phlegm and replenishing qi.

It is indicated for lung yin deficiency syndrome and especially appropriate for lung dryness with sticky phlegm, difficult to expectorate phlegm and for damage to qi and yin.

In additon, it is also indicated for stomach yin deficiency syndrome and especially for the advanced stage of febrile disease, encompassing deficiency of both qi and yin, with lingering heat and being unable to tolerate treatment with warm-tonics. The dosage is 9-15g. It is incompatible with Lilu.

南沙参为桔梗科植物轮叶沙参Adenophora tetraphylla (Thunb.)Fisch.或沙参A. Stricta Miq. 的根。主产于安徽、江苏、浙江等地。春秋二季采挖,除去须根,趁鲜刮去粗皮洗后干燥,切厚片或短段生用。

       【药性】甘,微寒。归肺、胃经。        【功效】养阴清肺,清胃生津,补气,化痰。       
 
【应用】        1.肺阴虚证。本品甘润而微寒,能补肺阴、润肺燥,兼能清肺热。亦适用于阴虚肺燥有热之干咳痰少、咳血或咽干音哑等症。其润肺清肺之力均略逊于北沙参。但对肺燥痰粘,咯痰不利者,因兼有一定的祛痰的作用,可促进排痰;对气阴两伤者,还略能补脾肺之气,可气阴两补。常与北沙参、麦冬、杏仁等润肺清肺及对症之品配伍。       
 
 2.胃阴虚证。本品又能养胃阴,生津止渴,并清胃热。适用于胃阴虚有热之口燥咽干、大便秘结、舌红少津及饥不欲食、呕吐等证。本品养胃阴、清胃热之力亦不及北沙参。但本品兼能补益脾气,对于胃阴脾气俱虚之证,有气阴双补之效,对热病后期,气阴两虚两余热未清不受温补者,尤为适宜。多与玉竹、麦冬、生地等养胃阴、清胃热之品配伍,如益胃汤(《温病条辨》)。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,9~15g。        【使用注意】反藜芦。       
 
【鉴别用药】北沙参与南沙参来源于两种不同的植物,因二者功用相似,均以养阴清肺、益胃生津(或补肺胃之阴,清肺胃之热)为主要功效。但北沙参清养肺胃作用稍强,肺胃阴虚有热之证较为多用。而南沙参尚兼益气及祛痰作用,较宜于气阴两伤及燥痰咳嗽者。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“补中,益肺气。”      
 
  2.《本草纲目》:“清肺火,治久咳肺痿”。       
 
 3.《饮片新参》:“清肺养阴,治虚劳咳呛痰血”。       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:轮叶沙参含三萜类皂苷、黄酮类化合物、多种萜类和烃类混合物、蒲公英萜酮、β-谷甾醇、胡萝卜苷、饱和脂肪酸、沙参酸甲酯和沙参醇。沙参中含呋喃香豆精类。       
 
2.药理作用:杏叶沙参可提高细胞免疫和非特异性免疫,且可抑制体液免疫,具有调节免疫平衡的功能;轮叶沙参有祛痰作用,其祛痰作用较紫菀差;1%沙参浸剂对离体蟾蜍心脏有明显强心作用;体外试验,沙参水浸剂(1:2)有抗真菌作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:据报道,以本品配伍麦冬、金银花等药,制成蜜丸,空腹时含化、缓咽,1日3~5次,治疗食管炎12例,治愈8例,好转3例,无效1例(福建中医药,1982,4:28)。
 

北沙参This medicinal is the root of Adenophora tetraphylla (Thunb.)Fisch or Adenophora. stricta Miq. (Fam. Campanulaceae). It is sweet, slightly cold, relates to the lung and stomach meridians, with the actions of ourishing yin and clearing lung heat, resolving phlegm and replenishing qi. It is indicated for lung yin deficiency syndrome and especially appropriate for lung dryness with sticky phlegm, difficult to exper=ctorate phlegm and for damage to qi and yin. In additon, it is also indicated for stoach yin deficiency syndrome and especially for the advanced stage of febrile disease, encopassing deficiency of both qi and yin, with lignering heat and being unable to tolerate treatment with warm-tonics. The dosage is 9-15g. It is incompatible with Lilu.

This medicinal is the dried root of Glehnia littoralis Fr. Schmidt ex Miq.(Fam.Umbelliferae). It is excavated in summer and autumn. After being washed clean, it is dried by natural sunlight immediately, or it is peeled and then dried by natural sunlight, after which it is scalded in boiling water.

 [ Medicinal Properties ]: Sweet, slightly bitter, slightly cold; relate to lung and stomach meridians.

[ Medicial Efficacies ]: Nourish yin; clear lung heat; reinforce the stomach and promote fluid production.

[ Clinical Applications ]: . Lung yin deficiency syndrome    To treat dry cough with little sputum, hemoptysis or dry throat with hoarse voice, due to yin deficiency with dryness-heat in the lung, it is used in combinatio with Maidong, xingren and Sangye.

2. Stomach yin deficiency syndrome   It is used to treat dry mouth with excessive drinking, hunger without desire for food, dry stools, exfoliative tongue coating , or red togue with scanty fluid, gastric pain or distension and vomiturition. If these symptoms are due to stomach yin deficiency with interior heat, it is used in combination with Shihu, Yuzhu and Wumei. In treating stomach yin deficiency and spleen qi deficiency concomitantly , it is often prescribed with Shanyao ad Taizishen.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 4.5-9g.

[ Precautions ]: it is incompatible with Lilu.    

北沙参为伞形科植物珊瑚菜Glehnia littoralis Fr. Schmidt ex Miq.的根。主产于山东、江苏,福建等地亦产。夏秋两季采挖,洗净,置沸水中烫后,除去外皮,干燥,或洗净后直接干燥。

       【药性】甘、微苦,微寒。归肺、胃经。        【功效】养阴清肺,益胃生津。       
 
【应用】 1.肺阴虚证。本品甘润而偏于苦寒,能补肺阴,兼能清肺热,适用于阴虚肺燥有热之干咳少痰、咳血或咽干音哑等证。常与相似的养阴、润肺、清肺及止咳、平喘、利咽之麦冬、南沙参、杏仁、桑叶、玄参等药同用。        2.胃阴虚证。本品能补胃阴,而生津止渴,兼能清胃热。适用于胃阴虚有热之口干多饮、饥不欲食、大便干结、舌苔光剥或舌红少津及胃痛、胃胀、干呕等证。常与石斛、玉竹、乌梅等养阴生津之品同用。胃阴脾气俱虚者,宜与山药、太子参、黄精等养阴、益气健脾之品同用。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,4.5~9g。        【使用注意】《本草从新》谓北沙参“反藜芦”,《中华人民共和国药典》(1995年版)亦认为北沙参“不宜与藜芦同用”,应加以注意。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《本草汇言》引林仲先医案:“治一切阴虚火炎,似虚似实,逆气不降,清气不升,为烦,为渴,为胀,为满,不食,用真北沙参五钱水煎服”。       
 
 2.《本草从新》:“专补肺阴,清肺火,治久咳肺痿”。       
 
 【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品主含生物碱、淀粉、多糖、多种香豆素类成分,微量挥发油及佛手柑内酯等成分。       
 
 2.药理作用:北沙参的乙醇提取物有降低体温和镇痛作用;北沙参多糖对免疫功能有抑制作用,可用于体内免疫功能异常亢进的疾病;北沙参水浸液在低浓度时,能加强离体蟾蜍心脏收缩,浓度增高,则出现抑制直至心室停跳,但可以恢复;静脉注射北沙参可使麻醉兔的血压略升,呼吸加强。      
 
  3.临床研究:据报道,以北沙参、川芎各30g,蔓荆26g,细辛1.5g,加黄酒煎服,治疗头痛有效(浙江中医杂志,1993,12:564);以北沙参、山药各15g,水煎服,治疗小儿迁延性肺炎24例,12例主要症状及体征消失无反复,5例无效(吉林中医药,1981,2:45)。       
 
 4.不良反应:加工北沙参时,少数人会引起接触性皮炎,表现为局部灼痛、瘙痒、水肿、丘疹、怕光流泪、发热、乏力、头晕、胸闷及鼻腔、结膜、咽部充血等。

 

  

Write your own product review

Product Reviews

This product hasn't received any reviews yet. Be the first to review this product!


Customers Who Viewed This Product Also Viewed

Add to Wish List

Click the button below to add the NanShashen (Coastal Glehnia Root)---南沙参 to your wish list.

You Recently Viewed...