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Niubangzi ( Great Burdock Achene )---牛蒡子(powder100g/bottle)

Price:
$19.30
Weight:
0.30 LBS
Shipping:
Calculated at checkout


Product Description

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Niubangzi is the dried mature fruit of Arctium lappa L, pertaining to Asteraceae.After the infructescence is collected in fall when the fruit is ripe, it is sun dried,and then threshed to collect the fruit. after the impurities are removed,the fruit is sun dried.the raw form is used for medication or after stir-baked.It is pounded for use.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Pungent,bitter and cold; relate to lung and stomach meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Disperse wind-heat; ventilate lung, resolve phlegm; promote eruption, soothe the throat; relieve toxicity and resolve swelling.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 6-12g. After stir-baked,Its property of bitter and cold, and efficacy to smooth intestine would be slightly reduced.

[ Precautions ]: for it is cold to smooth intestine, avoid with loose stool due to qi deficiency.
 
[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. External contraction of wind-heat, and early stage of warm disease    In case of external contraction of wind-heat, or early stage of warming disease, both manifesting as fever, sore throat, it is in combination with Jinyinhua, Lianqiao and Jingjie; for example in Yinqiao Powder.
 
2. Measles failing to erupt, and rubella with itching    It treats measles failing to erupt in combination with Bohe, Guailiu and Zhuye, such as in Zhuye Liubang Decoction. It is in combination with Jingjie, Chantui and Cangzhu; for example in Xiaofeng Powder to treat rubella with itching.
 
3. Abscess, swelling, sores, toxin, mumps, and inflammation of throat    It is indicated for external invasion ofwind-heat, internal accumulation of fire toxin, manifesting as abscess, swelling, sores and toxin, with constipation, in combination with Dahuang, Zhizi, Lianqiao and Bohe. It treats pestilential toxin, superlative inflammation of cheek, mumps, inflammation of throat, in combination with Xuanshen, Huangqin, Huanglian and Banlangen; for example in Puji Xisodu Decoction.

牛蒡子为菊科植物牛蒡Arctium lappa L.的干燥成熟果实。主产于东北及浙江省。此外,四川、湖北、河北、河南、陕西等省亦产。秋季果实成熟时采收果序,晒干,打下果实,除去杂质,再晒干。生用或炒用,用时捣碎。
      
【药性】辛、苦,寒。归肺、胃经。       
 
 【功效】疏散风热,宣肺祛痰,利咽透疹,解毒消肿。       
 
【应用】        1.风热感冒,温病初起。本品辛散苦泄,寒能清热,升散之中具有清降之性,功能疏散风热,发散之力虽不及薄荷等药,但长于宣肺祛痰,清利咽喉,故风热感冒而见咽喉红肿疼痛,或咳嗽痰多不利者,十分常用。用治风热感冒,或温病初起,发热,咽喉肿痛等症,常配银花、连翘、荆芥、桔梗等同用,如银翘散(《温病条辨》)。若风热咳嗽,痰多不畅者,常与桑叶、桔梗、前胡等药配伍。       
 
2.麻疹不透,风疹瘙痒。本品清泄透散,能疏散风热,透泄热毒而促使疹子透发,用治麻疹不透或透而复隐,常配薄荷、柽柳、竹叶等同用,如竹叶柳蒡汤(《先醒斋医学广笔记》)。若风湿浸淫血脉而致的疮疥瘙痒,本品能散风止痒,常配伍荆芥、蝉蜕、苍术等药,如消风散(《外科正宗》)。       
 
3.痈肿疮毒,丹毒,痄腮喉痹。本品辛苦性寒,于升浮之中又有清降之性,能外散风热,内解热毒,有清热解毒,消肿利咽之效,故可用治痈肿疮毒,丹毒,痄腮喉痹等热毒病证。因其性偏滑利,兼滑肠通便,故上述病证兼有大便热结不通者尤为适宜。用治风热外袭,火毒内结,痈肿疮毒,兼有便秘者,常与大黄、芒硝、栀子、边翘、薄荷等同用。治疗乳痈肿痛,尚未成脓者,可与金银花、连翘、栀子、瓜蒌等药同用,如牛蒡子汤(《外科正宗》)。本品配伍玄参、黄芩、黄连、板蓝根等清热泻火解毒药,还可用治瘟毒发颐、痄腮喉痹等热毒之证,如普济消毒饮(《东垣试效方》)。       
【用法用量】煎服,6~12g。炒用可使其苦寒及滑肠之性略减。       
 
【使用注意】本品性寒,滑肠通便,气虚便溏者慎用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《药性论》:“除诸风,利腰脚,又散诸结节筋骨烦热毒。”       
 2.《药品化义》:“牛蒡子能升能降,力解热毒。味苦能清火,带辛能疏风,主治上部风痰,面目浮肿,咽喉不利,诸毒热壅,马刀瘰疬,颈项痰核,血热痘,时行疹子,皮肤瘾疹。凡肺经风热,悉宜用此。”        3.《本草正义》:“牛蒡之用,能疏散风热,起发痘疹,而善通大便,苟非热盛,或脾气不坚实者,投之辄有泄泻,则辛泄苦降,下行之力为多。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含牛蒡子苷、脂肪油、拉帕酚、维生素A、维生素B1及生物碱等。     
   2.药理作用:牛蒡子煎剂对肺炎双球菌有显著抗菌作用。水浸剂对多种致病性皮肤真菌有不同程度的抑制作用。牛蒡子有解热、利尿、降低血糖、抗肿瘤作用。牛蒡子苷有抗肾病变作用,对实验性肾病大鼠可抑制尿蛋白排泄增加,并能改善血清生化指标。       
3.临床研究:①治疗习惯性便秘,治疗组以生牛蒡子(捣碎)15g,开水500ml,冲泡20min后代茶服饮,1日3次,对照组以上法冲泡便自通1袋,1日3次,10天1疗程。结果治疗组总有效率90%,大便由治疗前平均4.6天下降为1.9天。对照组总有效率87.5%,大便由治疗前平均4.5天下降为1.92天,无显著差异。但治疗组复发为11.1%,而对照组复发为22.9%,有显著性差异(中医杂志,1997,38(12):709)。
②炒牛蒡子200g,研末去皮,每日3次,内服,每次3~5g,治疗扁平疣14例均获痊愈(四川中医,1999,17(9):32)。
③采用脑脂平口服液(大黄6g,水蛭6g,牛蒡子10g),每次10ml,每日3次,口服,疗程1个月,治疗高脂血症,有效(广州中医药大学学报,1999,16(4):296)。
此外,牛蒡子还可用治肾性蛋白尿、急性肾小球肾炎、淋菌性尿道炎、糖尿病、慢性支气管炎急性发作、百日咳、三叉神经痛、周围性面神经麻痹、银屑病等病。

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