Loading... Please wait...

Categories

Our Newsletter


Niuxi (HUAI Radix Cyathulae/Twoteethed Achyranthes Root)---牛膝(怀)

Price:
$20.21
Weight:
1.00 LBS
Shipping:
Calculated at checkout


Product Description

niuxi-yuantai-l.jpgniuxi-yaocai-l.jpg

It is the dried root of Achyranthes bidentata Bl. and Cyathula officinalis Kuan, family Amaranthaceae. The former one is better produced in Wuzhi, Wenxian, Bo'ai, Qinyang, Huixian of Henan Province. While the latter one is better produced in Sichuan and Yunan. It is harvested and collected during winter, when the plant has withered. It is washed clean, cut into segments and dried in the sunshine. It can be utilized in its raw or stir-baked with liquor form.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Bitter, sour and neutral; relate to liver and kidney meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Activate blood and remove blood stasis; nourish the liver and kidney; strengthen bones and muscles; alleviate edema and relieve stranguria; conduct blood-fire to go downward.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1.Blood-stasis causing irregular menstruatin, dysmenorrheal, amonorrhea, postpartum abdominal pain and trauma pain      To treat the above mentioned women's syndromes and conditions, it is usually combined with Honghua, Taoren and Danggui. In cases of physical trauma of the waist, knee and foot, it is used together with Danggui, Chuanxiong and Xuduan.

2. Pain in the loins and knees and weakness of lower limbs       For pain in the loins and knees due to asthenia of the liver and the kidney , it can be combined with Duzhong and Xuduan. Yet , for weakness caused by heavy insufficiency and impairment, it is often combined with Shudihuang and Suoyang, such as in the Huqian Pill. If there is swollen-heat pain in waist and knee or tinea pedis pain caused by down-pouring of damp-heat, it is usually combined with Cangzhu, Huangbai and Yiyiren, such as , in the Simiao Pill. In cases of joint pain of the lower limbs caused by rheumatism, it is used together with Fangji, Beixie and Duhuo.

3. Hematuria, dysuria and urethralgia        To treat hematuria, dysuria and trethralgia, it can be sued combined with Danggui, Qumai and Tongcao, as in the Niuxi Decoction.

4. Haematemesis, epistaxis, toothache, aphthae, headache and dizziness     For bleeding due to blood-heat of upper part of the body, it is combined with Baimaogen, Xiaoji and Zhizi. In cases of toothache and aphthae caused by fire due to deficiency of yin, it is usually combined with Shengdihuang, Shengshigao and Zhimu, such as, in the Yunu Decoction. In cases of headache and dizziness caused by yin deficiency with yang hyperactivity and stirring of liver-wind, it is usually combined with Daizheshi, Shengmuli, Shenglonggu and Baishao, for example in the Zhegan XIfeng Decoction.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 4.5-9g. To activate blood and remove blood-stasis, alleviate edema, relieve stranguria, and conduct fire to go downward, the raw form is superior. In order to nourish the liver and kidney and strengthen the bones and muscles, it is better to be stir-baked with liquor. Achyranthes bidentata BI. is efficacious in nourishing the liver and the kindey and in strengthening the bone and muscles. Yet, Cyathula officinalis Kuan is efficacious in activating blood and meridians.

[ Precautions ]: Contraindicated in Pregnant women and women with Profuse menstruation.

 牛膝为苋科植物牛膝(怀牛膝)Achyranthes bidentata Blume.和川牛膝(甜牛膝)Cyathula officinalis Kuan的根。以栽培品为主,也有野生者。怀牛膝主产河南;川牛膝主产四川、云南、贵州等地。冬季苗枯时采挖。洗净,晒干。生用或酒炙用。

       【药性】苦、甘、酸,平。归肝、肾经。        【功效】活血通经,补肝肾,强筋骨,利水通淋,引火(血)下行。       
 
【应用】        1.瘀血阻滞之经闭、痛经、经行腹痛、胞衣不下及跌扑伤痛。本品活血祛瘀力较强,性善下行,长于活血通经,其活血祛瘀作用有疏利降泄之特点,尤多用于妇科经产诸疾以及跌打伤痛。治瘀阻经闭、痛经、月经不调、产后腹痛,常配当归、桃仁、红花,如血府逐瘀汤(《医林改错》);治胞衣不下,可与当归、瞿麦、冬葵子等同用,如牛膝汤(《千金方》);治跌打损伤、腰膝瘀痛,与续断、当归、乳香、没药等同用,如舒筋活血汤(《伤科补要》)。       
 
2.腰膝酸痛、下肢痿软。牛膝既能活血祛瘀,又能补益肝肾,强筋健骨,兼能祛除风湿,故既可用于肝肾亏虚之腰痛、腰膝酸软,可配伍杜仲、续断、补骨脂等同用,如续断丸(《扶寿精方》);又可用于痹痛日久,腰膝酸痛,常配伍独活、桑寄生等,如独活寄生汤(《千金方》)。若与苍术、黄柏同用,可治湿热成痿,足膝痿软,如三妙丸(《医学正传》)。       
 
3.淋证、水肿、小便不利。本品性善下行,既能利水通淋,又能活血祛瘀。治热淋、血淋、砂淋,常配冬葵子、瞿麦、车前子、滑石用,如牛膝汤(《千金方》);治水肿、小便不利,常配地黄、泽泻、车前子,如加味肾气丸(《济生方》)。       
 
 4.火热上炎,阴虚火旺之头痛、眩晕、齿痛、口舌生疮、吐血、衄血。本品味苦善泄降,能导热下泄,引血下行,以降上炎之火。治肝阳上亢之头痛眩晕,可与代赭石、生牡蛎、生龟板等配伍,如镇肝息风汤(《医学衷中参西录》);治胃火上炎之齿龈肿痛、口舌生疮,可配地黄、石膏、知母等同用,如玉女煎(《景岳全书》);治气火上逆,迫血妄行之吐血、衄血,可配白茅根、栀子、代赭石以引血下行,降火止血。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,6~15g。活血通经、利水通淋、引火(血)下行宜生用;补肝肾、强筋骨宜酒炙用。        【使用注意】本品为动血之品,性专下行,孕妇及月经过多者忌服。中气下陷,脾虚泄泻,下元不固,多梦遗精者慎用。        【鉴别用药】牛膝有川牛膝和怀牛膝之分。两者均能活血通经、补肝肾、强筋骨、利尿通淋、引火(血)下行。但牛膝长于活血通经,怀牛膝长于补肝肾、强筋骨。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主寒湿痿痹,四肢拘挛,膝痛不可曲伸,逐血气,伤热火烂,堕胎。”        2.《本草纲目》:“治久疟寒热,五淋尿血,茎中痛,下痢,喉痹,口疮,齿痛,痈肿恶疮,伤折。”“牛膝乃足厥阴、少阴之药,大抵得酒则能补肝肾,生用则能去恶血。”        3.《医学衷中参西录》:“(牛膝)原为补益之品,而善引气血下注,是以用药欲其下行者,恒以之为引经。故善治肾虚腰疼腿疼,或膝疼不能曲伸,或腿痿不能任地。兼治女子月经闭枯,催生下胎。又善治淋疼,通利小便,此皆其力善下行之效也。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:牛膝含有三萜皂苷(经水解后成为齐墩果酸和糖)、蜕皮甾酮、牛膝甾酮、紫茎牛膝甾酮等甾体类成分和多糖类成分。此外,牛膝还含有精氨酸等十二肿氨基酸以及生物碱类,香豆素类等化合物和铁、铜等微量元素。      
 
  2.药理作用:牛膝总皂苷对子宫平滑肌有明显的兴奋作用,怀牛膝苯提取物有明显的抗生育、抗着床及抗早孕的作用,抗生育的有效成分为脱皮甾醇。牛膝醇提取物对实验小动物心脏有抑制作用,煎剂对麻醉犬心肌亦有抑制作用。煎剂和醇提液有短暂的降压和轻度利尿作用,并伴有呼吸兴奋。怀牛膝能降低大鼠全血粘度、红细胞压积、红细胞聚集指数,并有抗凝作用。蜕皮甾酮有降脂作用,并能明显降低血糖。牛膝具有抗炎、镇痛作用,能提高机体免疫功能。煎剂对小鼠离体肠管呈抑制,对豚鼠肠管有加强收缩作用。       
 
3.临床研究:用川牛膝每日30~45g,水煎顿服或分两次服,治疗功能性子宫出血23例,一般连服2-4日后血即止。病程较长者,血止后减量续服5-10日,以资巩固。23例中除2例子宫内膜炎加用抗生素取效外,其余均单用牛膝治愈。(浙江中医杂志,1982,17(2):86)。以牛膝90~120g配伍芹菜种子45~60g治疗21例乳糜尿。久病体弱者改用怀牛膝,症状控制后,可加用补中益气丸或金匮肾气丸以善后。结果总有效率86%(山东中医杂志,1989,(6):40)。用牛膝、代赭石、仙鹤草三味等量为主,治疗急性鼻衄110例,均获痊愈,一般服10剂左右,鼻衄停止(浙江中医杂志,1984,19(7):305)。       

Find Similar Products by Category


Write your own product review

Product Reviews

This product hasn't received any reviews yet. Be the first to review this product!


Customers Who Viewed This Product Also Viewed

Add to Wish List

Click the button below to add the Niuxi (HUAI Radix Cyathulae/Twoteethed Achyranthes Root)---牛膝(怀) to your wish list.

You Recently Viewed...