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Pangdahai (Boat-fruited Sterculia Seed)---胖大海(powder100g/bottle)

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It is the dried ripe seed of Sterculia lychnophora Hance, family Sterculiaceae. The seeds are collected between April to June, when the fruits are ripe. Then they are split open and dired in the sunshine.

 [ Medicinal Properties ]: Sweet and cool; relate to lung and large intestine meridians.

[ Meidicinal Efficacies ]: Clear lung and resolve phlegm; relieve sore throat and restore voice; moisten intestines and release bowls.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Lung-heat causing hoarsenss, sore throat and cough        To treat lung-heat manifested as hoarseness, sore throat and cough, it is usually soaked alone in boiling water for drinking, or combined with Jiegeng and Gancao.

2. Intestinal dryness with constipation         It is soaked alone for drinking or combined with heat-clearing and purgative medicinals.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 2-4g are soaked in boiling water for drinking or decocted for oral administration.

胖大海为梧桐科植物胖大海stereulia lychnophora Hance的成熟种子。主产于泰国、柬埔寨、马来西亚、印度尼西亚、越南、印度等国。4~6月果实成熟开裂时,采收种子,晒干。

       【药性】甘,寒。归肺、大肠经。        【功效】清肺化痰,利咽开音,润肠通便。       
 
【应用】        1.用于肺热声哑,咽喉疼痛,咳嗽等。本品甘寒质轻能清宣肺气,化痰利咽开音。常单味泡服,亦可配桔梗、甘草等同用。        2.用于燥热便秘,头痛目赤。本品能润肠通便,清泄火热,可单味泡服,或配清热泻下药以增强药效。       
 
【用法用量】2~4枚,沸水泡服或煎服。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《本草纲目拾遗》:“治火闭痘,服之立起,并治一切热证劳伤,吐衄下血,消毒去暑,时行赤眼,风火牙疼……干咳无痰,骨蒸内热,三焦火证,诸疮皆效。”      
 
  2.《本草正义》:“善于开宣肺气,并能通泄皮毛,风邪外闭,不问为寒为热,并皆主之。抑能开音治瘖,爽嗽豁痰。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:种子外层含胖大海素,果皮含半乳糖、戊糖(主要是阿拉伯糖)。       
 
2.药理作用:胖大海素对血管平滑肌有收缩作用;能改善粘膜炎症。减轻痉挛性疼痛。水浸液具有促进肠蠕动,有缓泻作用,以种仁作用最强。种仁溶液(去脂干粉制成),对猫有降压作用。       
 
3.临床研究:胖大海加冰搪或白糖、红糖。开水泡服,治腹泻各种腹泻病例总有效率达100%,治愈率达78%(中医药研究,1994,5:12);胖大海,泡胀去核搅烂,睡前外敷双眼,纱布固定,治疗红眼病30例,全部于3日内治愈(中医外治杂志,1995,5:16)。       

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