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PéngSha (Borax)---硼砂 (powder100g/bottle)

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Product Description

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 It is the crystal prepared from the ore Borax of natural mineral. The medicinal material can be obtained and collected from August to November. The impurity is removed and it is ground into pieces, the raw or calcined form is used for medication.

[Medicinal Properties]: Sweet, salty and cool; relate to the lung and stomach meridians.

[Medicinal Efficacies]: Clear away heat and toxin when externally used; clear lung heat and eliminate phlegm when used internally.

[Clinical Applications]:

  1. Sore throat, aphthae, conjunctivitis and nebula This medicinal is used as the commonly used medicinals to treat eye and throat disease, mostly for external application. In treating swollen pain of throat, tooth and gingiva, it is used together with Bingpian, Xuanmingfen and Zhusha, such as in the formula Bingpeng Powder. In treating conjunctivitis with nebula, it is combined with Bingpian, Zhenzhu and Luganshi, it is ground into fine powder, dissolved and used as eye drops.
  2. Cough due to phlegm-heat It can clear away lung heat and eliminate phlegm when used orally. In treating for cough due to phlegm-heat, swollen pain of throat, it is combined with Shashen, Xuanshen, Beimu and Gualou.

[Usage and Dosage]: 1.5-3g is taken as a dose in pill or powder. The appropriate amount is utilized externally, it is ground into extremely fine powder and can be applied to the local area or mixed with water, or dissolved in the water to rinse the mouth as a gargle.

[Precautions]: It is mainly used for external use, and it should be used with caution for internal use.

硼砂 为碳酸盐类矿物菱锌矿石,主含碳酸锌(ZnCO3)。主产于广西、湖南、四川、云南等地。全年可采挖,采挖后,除去泥土杂石,洗净,晒干。有火煅、醋淬及火煅后用三黄汤(黄连、黄柏、大黄)淬等制法。水飞用。

       为天然矿物硼砂的矿石,经提炼精制而成的结晶体。主产于青海、西藏等地。一般8~11月间采挖。除去杂质,捣碎,生用或煅用。又名月石、蓬砂。       
 
【药性】甘,咸,凉。归肺、胃经。        【功效】外用清热解毒,内服清肺化痰。       
 
【应用】        1.咽喉肿痛,口舌生疮,目赤翳障。本品能清热解毒,消肿防腐,为喉科及眼科常用药且较多外用。若配伍冰片、玄明粉、朱砂同用,可治咽喉、口齿肿痛,如冰硼散(《外科正宗》)。若配冰片、炉甘石、玄明粉共为细末点眼,可治火眼及翳障胬肉,如白龙丹(《证治准绳》);若配冰片、珍珠、炉甘石、熊胆为细末点眼,治火眼及目翳,如八宝眼药(《全国中药成药处方集》)。       
 
 2.痰热咳嗽。本品味咸性寒凉,内服可清肺化痰。较宜于痰热咳嗽并有咽喉肿痛者。可与沙参、玄参、贝母、瓜蒌、黄芩等同用。       
 
【用法用量】外用适量,研极细末干撒或调敷患处;或化水含漱。内服,1.5~3g,入丸、散用。        【使用注意】本品以外用为主,内服宜慎。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《日华子本草》:“消痰止嗽,破癥结喉痹。”       
 
2.《本草纲目》:“治上焦痰热,生津液,去口气,消障翳,除噎嗝反胃,积块结瘀肉,阴溃,骨鲠,恶疮及口齿诸病。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:主要含四硼酸钠(Na2b4O7·10H2O),另含少量铅、铝、铜、钙、铁、镁、硅等杂质。       
 
 2.药理作用:硼砂对多种革兰氏阳性与阴性菌、浅部皮肤真菌及白色念珠菌有不同程度抑制作用,并略有防腐作用。对皮肤和粘膜还有收敛和保护作用。实验表明,硼砂能抗电惊厥和戊四氮阵挛性惊厥;减轻机体氟负荷,调整体内微量元素平衡,增加尿氟排出,但不能动员骨氟的移出。       
 
 3.临床研究:据报道,用硼砂为主适当配伍可用于防治复发性口疮,效果良好。近年还报道:取硼砂10g开水冲化后洗头,三日一次,治疗脂溢性皮炎120例,全部有效(中国乡村卫生,1992,7∶14);硼砂研细末,取少许涂于眼睑结膜处用,治疗急性腰扭伤204例,痊愈率93%(中医函授通讯,1995,2∶31);成人每次服硼砂1.0~1.5g,日3次,半年不发病者减为日2次,治疗癫痫35例,有效率100%,治愈率91.4%(中国乡村医生,1992,4∶19)。
 
此外,又可用治汗斑、真菌性阴道炎、氟骨病等。       

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