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Puhuang ( Cattail Pollen/Typhae)---蒲黄(powder100g/bottle)

Price:
$37.30
Weight:
0.30 LBS
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Calculated at checkout


Product Description

puhuang-yuantai-l.jpg010.png

It is the pollen of Typha angustifolia L., Typha orientalis Presl, or other species of the same genus, family Typhaceae. The yellow male inflorescence of cattail's spike is collected during summer. It is then dried in the sunshine, and ground, then the fine powder is sieved. The raw or the stir-baked form can be used as a medicine.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Sweet and neutral; relate to liver and pericardium meridians.

[ Medicial Efficacies ]: Stop bleeding and remove blood stasis; promote diuresis.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Bleeding       The raw can stop bleeding and meanwhile promote circulation of the blood and remove blood-stasis, while the stir-baked can stop bleeding with the astringent action, for which it could be used to treat all interior and exterior bleeding conditions, whether the syndromes are due to cold or heat, with or without blood-stasis. It can be used alone or together with hemostatic medicinal to enhance the effect, e.g. for excessive menstruation, metrostaxis, it is combined with Longgu, Aiye, such as in Puhuang Pill; for hematuria, combined with Yujin; for bleeding due to trauma, alone for external application.

2. Blood-stasis causing pain      It can be used for variou forms of pain due to blood stasis, including injuries from falls, postpartum abdominal pain, angina pectoris and especially for dysmenorrheal, for which it is often combined with Wulingzhi, such as in the Shixiao Powder.

3. Blood stranguria      Used raw, it has the efficacy of relieving stranguria, for which it could be used for stranguria complicated by hematuria, combined with Dongkuizi, Shengdihuang, such as in Puhuang Powder.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 5-9g. Wrapped and decocted.

[ Precautions ]: It can contract the womb and is contraindicated in pregant women.

[ Medicinal Comparison ]: Similarities: Sanqi , Puhuang and Qiancao all have the efficacy of removing stasis and stopping bleeding  and all can be used for various internal and external bleeding and stagnant blood syndromes.

Differences: Sanqi and Puhuang both have the actions of circulationg blood and alleviating pain, only that the action of Sanqi is stronger, and for which it is the primary medicinal for wounds. It could be taken orally or applied externally. Puhang also has the action of promoting diuresis, and is better for hematuria and blood stranguria; in addition, the carbonized is often used for metrorrhagia and metrostaxis and postpartum bleeding caused by abnormal uterine contraction, for it has the action of stopping bleeding by astringing. Qiancao is especially used for bleeding due to blood-heat and blood-stasis, for it could clear alway the heat and cool the blood.

蒲黄为香蒲科植物水烛香蒲Typha angustifolia L.、东方香蒲T. orientalis Presl或同属植物的干燥花粉。主产于浙江、江苏、安徽、湖北、山东等地。夏季采收蒲棒上部的黄色雄性花序,晒干后碾轧,筛取细粉,生用或炒用。

【药性】甘,平。归肝、心包经。        【功效】止血,化瘀,利尿。       
 
【应用】        1.出血证。本品甘平,长于收敛止血,兼有活血行瘀之功,为止血行瘀之良药,有止血不留瘀的特点,对出血证无论属寒属热,有无瘀滞,均可应用,但以属实夹瘀者尤宜。用治吐血、衄血、咯血、尿血、崩漏等,可单用冲服,亦可配伍其它止血药同用。如《圣惠方》治鼻衄经久不止,与石榴花同用,和研为散服;若治月经过多,漏下不止,可配合龙骨、艾叶同用,如蒲黄丸(《圣济总录》);治尿血不已,可与郁金同用;治外伤出血,可单用外掺伤口。       
 
 2.瘀血痛证。本品体轻行滞,能行血通经,消瘀止痛,凡跌打损伤、痛经、产后疼痛、心腹疼痛等瘀血作痛者均可运用,尤为妇科所常用。如《塞上方》治跌打损伤,单用蒲黄末,温酒服;若治心腹疼痛、产后瘀痛、痛经等,常与五灵脂同用,如失笑散(《和剂局方》)。       
 
 3.血淋尿血。本品既能止血,又能利尿通淋,故可用治血淋尿血,常配生地、冬葵子同用,如蒲黄散(《证治准绳》)。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3~10g,包煎。外用适量,研末外掺或调敷。止血多炒用,化瘀、利尿多生用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主心腹膀胱寒热,利小便,止血,消瘀血。久服轻身益气力。”       
 
2.《本草汇言》:“蒲黄,血分行止之药也,主诸家失血。至于治血之方,血之上者可清,血之下者可利,血之滞者可行,血之行者可止。凡生用则性凉,行血而兼消;炒用则味涩,调血而兼止也。”“蒲黄,性凉而利,能洁膀胱之原,清小肠之气,故小便不通,前人所必用也。”       
 
 3.《药品化义》:“蒲黄,专入脾经。若诸失血久者,炒用之以助补脾之药,摄血归源,使不妄行。又取体轻行滞,味甘和血,上治吐血咯血,下治肠红崩漏。但为收功之药,在失血之初,用之无益。若生用亦能凉血消肿。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品主要成分为黄酮类如异鼠李素、槲皮素等,甾类如香蒲甾醇、β-谷甾醇等,此外尚含有脂肪油、生物碱及氨基酸等。       
 
 2.药理作用:本品水浸液、煎剂或50%乙醇浸液均有促进凝血作用,且作用显著而持久;蒲黄多种制剂能够降低血压、减轻心脏负荷,增加冠脉血流量,改善微循环,提高机体耐缺氧能力,减轻心肌缺血性病变;对离体子宫有兴奋性作用,可使离体肠蠕动增强;能够降低血液胆固醇和甘油三酯等酯质含量,改变血脂成分;此外,蒲黄还具有抗炎、利胆、利尿、镇痛、平喘及抗缺血再灌注损伤等作用。       
 
3.临床研究:用蒲黄制成浸膏,烘干为末,装入胶囊,每粒0.3g,每次6粒,每日3次服。共治疗冠心病、心绞痛168例,用药2个月后,有效率为91.67%,心电图变化有效率为47.02%(中医杂志,1994,9:517);用蒲黄与黄连粉按6∶1研匀备用,撒在带线圆棉上,使其紧贴于宫颈。24小时后取出,隔日1次,5次为1疗程。共治疗宫颈肥大120例,治愈率为52.2%,总有效率为93.3%(中医杂志,1994,9:518)。
 
另据报道,本品还可用治高脂血症、眼底出血、拔牙术后出血、溃疡性直肠炎、舌体肿大等。

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