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Qiancao ( Indian Madder Root)---茜草(powder100g/bottle)

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Product Description

qiancao-yuantai-l.jpgqiancao-yaocai-l.jpg010.png

 It is the root of Rubia cordifolia L., family Rubiaceae. Dug and collected in spring and autumn, plant, dust and fibrous roots removed, washed clean and dried in the sun, it can be utilized in its raw or stir-baked form.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Bitter and cold; relate to liver meridian.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Remove blood stasis and stop bleeding; cool the blood and circulate the meridians.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Bleeding      It is used for various kinds of bleeding due to blood stasis or blood-heat, especially for bleeding due to both reasons, for it could cool the blood and at the same time resolve blood stasis. For the light one it can be taken alone, while for the heavy one, combined with Xiaoji and Baimaogen, such as in Shihui Powder.

2. Stagnant-blood syndrome     It is used for various stagnant blood syndromes, such as amenorrhea, traumatic pain and arthralgia due to rheumatism. It is especially useful for stagnant blood syndromes of gynecology. For amenorrhea due to blood stasis, the individual for of this medicinal can be decocted with liquor or also used in combination with Danggui, Honghua and Chuanxiong. For traumatic pain, it is used by itself, soaked in wine, or is combined with Sanqi , Ruxiang and Moyao. In case of arthralgia , it is often combined with Jixueteng and Yuanhushuo.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 6-9g.

茜草为茜草科植物茜草Rubia cordifolia L.的干燥根及根茎。主产于安徽、江苏、山东、河南、陕西等地。春、秋二季采挖,除去茎苗、泥土及细须根,洗净,晒干,生用或炒用。

【药性】苦,寒。归肝经。        【功效】凉血化瘀止血,通经。       
 
【应用】        1.出血证。本品味苦性寒,善走血分,既能凉血止血,又能活血行血,故可用于血热妄行或血瘀脉络之出血证,对于血热夹瘀的各种出血证,尤为适宜。如《简要济众方》治吐血不止,单用本品为末煎服;若治衄血,可与艾叶、乌梅同用,如茜梅丸(《普济本事方》);治血热崩漏,常配生地、生蒲黄、侧柏叶等;若与黄芪、白术、山茱萸等同用,也可用于气虚不摄的崩漏下血,如固冲汤(《医学衷中参西录》);治尿血,常与小蓟、白茅根等同用。       
 
2.血瘀经闭、跌打损伤,风湿痹痛。本品能通经络,行瘀滞,故可用治经闭、跌打损伤、风湿痹痛等血瘀经络闭阻之证,尤为妇科调经要药。如《经验广集》治血滞经闭,单用本品酒煎服,或配桃仁、红花、当归等同用;治跌打损伤,可单味泡酒服,或配三七、乳香、没药等同用;治痹证,也可单用浸酒服,或配伍鸡血藤、海风藤、延胡等同用。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,10~15g,大剂量可用30g。亦入丸、散。止血炒炭用,活血通经生用或酒炒用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主寒湿风痹,黄疸,补中。”        2.《本草纲目》:“茜根,气温行滞,味酸入肝而咸走血,手足厥阴血分之药也,专于行血活血。俗方用治女子经水不通,以一两煎酒服之,一日即通,甚效。”       
 
 3.《医林纂要》:“茜草,色赤入血分,泻肝则血藏不瘀,补心则血用而能行,收散则用而不费,故能剂血气之平,止妄行之血而祛瘀通经,兼治痔瘘疮疡扑损。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:主要含水溶性成分环六肽系列物,脂溶性成分蒽醌、还原萘醌及其糖苷等,尚富含钙离子等。      
 
  2.药理作用:有明显的促进血液凝固作用,表现为复钙时间、凝血酶原时间及白陶土部分凝血活酶时间缩短;茜草的粗提取物具有升高白细胞作用,其煎剂有明显的镇咳和祛痰作用,水提取液对金黄色葡萄球菌、肺炎双球菌、流感杆菌和部分皮肤真菌有一定抑制作用。另对碳酸钙结石的形成也有抑制作用。      
 
  3.临床研究:用茜草200g,川军100g,以粗布包煎20分钟,水浸洗,温后敷局部,冷后再次加热使用。共治疗软组织损伤300例,用药3~8天,治愈率为86.6%(陕西中医,1987,1:35);用茜草15~20g,日1剂,早晚服,连用14~42天,不用其它制霉菌药物。共治疗念珠菌病5例,全部治愈(实用中西医结合杂志,1991,5:312);用茜草100g,煎水代 茶饮。若腮腺肿甚而热者,加青黛6g,醋调涂敷患处,每日2次。治疗流行性腮腺炎217例,总有效率为96%(山东中医杂志,1995,6:259)。
 
另据报道,本品还可用治慢性气管炎、过敏性紫癜、白细胞减少症、肝炎等。

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