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QiànShí (Gordon Euryale Seed)---芡实

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$8.49
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Product Description

qianshi-yuantai-l.jpg

It is the dried ripe seed of the Euryaleferox Salisb., family Nymphaeaceae. Mature seeds can be collected at the ending of the autumn and early winter, after the seed vessel is taken out, the kernel is gained and then the hard crust is moved, dried in the sunshine. It is pound to pieces, and the raw or baked form is used as medicine.

[Medicinal Properties]: Sweet, astringent and neutral; relate to the spleen and kidney

[Medicinal Efficacies]: Benefit the kidney to preserve the essence; invigorate the spleen and relieve diarrhea; dispel dampness to relieve leucorrhea.

[Clinical Applications]:

1.           Nocturnal emission, spermatorrhea It can treat for kidney-deficiency, leading to essence not being consolidated, manifesting as aching

and flaccidity of loins and knees, nocturnal emission, spermatorrhoea, it is usually combined with Jingyingzi as mutual reinforcement, such as

in the formula Shuilu Erxian Dan.

2.           Prolonged diarrhea due to deficiency of the spleen For prolonged diarrhea due to deficiency of the spleen and accumulation of dampness,

it is usually used together with Baizhu, Fuling.

3.           Leukorrhea It is the good medicinal for treating leukorrhea syndrome. For thin leucorrhea due to spleen and kidney deficiency,

it is often used with Dangshen and Baizhu. For leucorrhea due to damp-heat, it can be used with Huangbai, Cheqian, such as in the formula

Yihuang Decoction.
[Usage and Dosage]: 10-15g is used for oral use.
[Medicinal Comparison]:
[Similarities]: Qianshi and Lianzi have the same properties of sweet, astringent, neutral, relate to the spleen and kidney meridians; and

also have the function of benefiting the kidney to preserve the essence, invigorating the spleen and relieve diarrhea and leucorrhea. Its

indications are nocturnal emission and enuresis due to kidney deficiency, poor appetite and diarrhea due to spleen deficiency, leucorrhea

due to spleen and kidney deficiency.
[Differences]: But Qianshi not only has the function of benefiting the spleen and kidney to preserve, but also has the action of dispelling

dampness to relieve leucorrhea, as a commonly used medicinal for leukorrhea of deficiency and excess type. Lianzi has the function of

nourishing the heart and tranquilizing the mind, it is often used for palpitation, insomnia.

为睡莲科植物芡Euryale ferox Salisb.的成熟种仁。主产于湖南、江西、安徽、山东等地。秋末冬初采收成熟果实,除去果皮,取出种仁,再除去硬壳,晒干。捣碎生用或炒用。

       【药性】甘、涩,平。归脾、肾经。        【功效】益肾固精,健脾止泻,除湿止带。       
 
【应用】        1.遗精,滑精。本品甘涩收敛,善能益肾固精。治肾虚不固之腰膝酸软,遗精滑精者,常与金樱子相须而用,如水陆二仙丹(《仁存堂经验方》);亦可与莲子、莲须、牡蛎等配伍,如金锁固精丸(《医方集解》)。       
 
2.脾虚久泻。本品既能健脾除湿,又能收敛止泻。可用治脾虚湿盛,久泻不愈者, 常与白术、茯苓、扁豆等药同用。       
 
3. 带下。本品能益肾健脾、收敛固涩、除湿止带,为治疗带下证之佳品。治脾肾两虚之带下清稀,常与党参、白术、山药等药同用。 若治湿热带下,则配伍清热利湿之黄柏、车前子等同用,如易黄汤(《傅青主女科》)。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,10~15g。       
 
【鉴别用药】芡实与莲子,二者同科属,均为甘涩平,主归脾、肾经。均能益肾固精、补脾止泻、止带,其补中兼涩,主治肾虚遗精、遗尿;脾虚食少、泄泻;脾肾两虚之带下等。但芡实益脾肾固涩之中,又能除湿止带,故为虚、实带下证之常用药物。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主治湿痹腰脊膝痛,补中,除暴疾,益精气,强志,令耳目聪明”。       
 
2.《本草纲目》:“止渴益肾,治小便不禁,遗精,白浊,带下”。       
 
 3.《本草求真》:“味甘补脾,故能利湿,而使泄泻腹痛可治,……味涩固        肾,故能闭气,而使遗带小便不禁皆愈。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品主含淀粉、蛋白质、脂肪、碳水化合物、钙、磷、铁、硫胺素、核黄素、尼古酸、抗坏血酸等。       
 
 2.药理作用:本品具有收敛、滋养作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:据临床报道,用芡实、白果、糯米煮粥服,治疗慢性肾炎蛋白尿73例,总有效率达89.1%;亦可将此粥作为治疗原发性肾小球肾炎蛋白尿的辅助食疗,长期间歇服用(中医杂志,1985,9:47)。

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