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Qingpi ( Green Tangerize Peel)---青皮(powder100g/bottle)

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$15.74
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Product Description

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it is the pericarp of imature fruits of Citrus reticulata Blanco and its cultivated varieties, family Rutaceae. Form May to June, the fallen imature fruits are collected and dried in the sunshine, they are called "Ge Qinpi" . From July to August, the immature fruits are collected, they are cut vertically into four parts, After the pulp is removed, they are cut into thick pieces or slices and dried in the sunshine and they are habitually called "Sihua Qingpi". It is used in raw form or after stir-baked with vinegar.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Bitter, pungent and warm; relate to liver, gallbladder and stomach meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Soothe liver to break qi stagnation; resolve food retention by promoting digestion.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1.Stagnation ofliver qi syndromes      For hypochondriac distending pain, itis usually combined with Chaihu, Yujin and Zhiqiao; for distending pain and mass in breast, usually with Chaihu, Juye and Xiangju; for distending pain and mass in breast, usually with Chaihu,Juye and Xiangfu; for swelling pain due to breast abscess, usually with Pugongying, Gulou and Jinyinghua; for hernia with swelling pain, usually with Wuyao, Xiaohuixiang and Muxiang, such as Tiantai Wuyao Powder.

2. Food retention causing abdominal distension      It is usually used together with Shanzha, Maiya and Shenqu, such as Qingpi Pills.

In addition, with its action of breaking qi stagnation to dissipate mass, it treats abdominal mass due to qi stagnation and blood stasis and malarial nodule together with other herbs.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 3-9g.The raw are used to break qi stagnation since it is violent and pungent. The stir-baked are used to promote digestion and remove food retention with mild action. The processed with vinegar are used to strengthen its effect of alleviating pain.

[ Precautions ]: Since it is violent and consumes qi, it should avoid with qi deficiency.

[ Medicinal Comparison ]: Similarities: Chenqi and Qingpi are pungent and warm. They are effective for promoting qi flow to remove stagnation and so treat qi stagnation of spleen and stomach.

Differences: Chenpi can mildly promote qi flow and invigorate spleen and stomach, so it is usullay used for qi stagnation due to spleen deficiency, drying dampness and resolving phlegm. It is a commonly-used herb for treating phlegm syndrome. Qingpi can strongly promote qi flow, soothe liver to break qi stagnation, promote digestion and remove food retention, so it usually treats syndromes due to stagnation of liver qi and excess syndromes such as food retention and abdominal mass.

青皮为芸香科植物橘 Citrus reticulata Blanco 及其栽培变种的幼果或未成熟果实的干燥果皮。产地同陈皮。5~6月间收集自落的幼果,晒干,称为“个青皮”,7~8月间采收未成熟的果实,在果皮上纵剖成四瓣至基部,除去瓤肉,晒干,习称“四花青皮”。生用或醋炙用。

【药性】苦、辛,温。归肝、胆、胃经。        【功效】疏肝破气,消积化滞。       
 
【应用】        1.肝郁气滞证。本品辛散温通,苦泄下行而奏疏肝理气、散结止痛之功。尤宜于治肝郁气滞之胸胁胀痛、疝气疼痛、乳房肿痛。治肝郁胸胁胀痛,常配柴胡、郁金、香附等;治乳房胀痛或结块,常配柴胡、浙贝母、橘叶等;治乳痈肿痛,常配瓜蒌皮、金银花、蒲公英等;若治寒疝疼痛,多与乌药、小茴香、木香等同用,如天台乌药散(《医学发明》)。       
 
2.气滞脘腹疼痛。本品辛行温通,入胃而行气止痛。治疗脘腹胀痛,可配大腹皮同用,如青皮散(《症因脉治》);若脘腹冷痛,可配桂枝、陈皮同用,如三皮汤(《医方类聚》)。       
 
3.食积腹痛。本品辛行苦降温通,有消积化滞、和降胃气,行气止痛之功。治食积气滞,脘腹胀痛,常与山楂、神曲、麦芽等同用,如青皮丸(《沈氏尊生书》);若气滞甚者,可配木香、槟榔或枳实、大黄等同用。       
 
 4.癥瘕积聚、久疟痞块。本品气味峻烈,苦泄力大,辛散温通力强,能破气散结。用治气滞血瘀之癥瘕积聚,久疟痞块等,多与三棱、莪术、丹参等同用。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3~9g。醋炙疏肝止痛力强。       
 
【鉴别用药】陈皮、青皮二者皆可理中焦之气而健胃,用于脾胃气滞之脘腹胀痛,食积不化等症。但陈皮性温而不峻,行气力缓,偏入脾肺 ,长于燥湿化痰,用于痰饮停滞肺胃之咳嗽气喘、呕哕、腹痛、泄泻;青皮性较峻烈,行气力猛,苦泄下行,偏入肝胆,能疏肝破气,散结止痛,消积化滞,主治肝郁乳房胀痛或结块,胁肋胀痛,疝气疼痛,食积腹痛,癥瘕积聚等症。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《本草图经》:“主气滞,下食,破积结及膈气。”       
 
2.《本草纲目》:“治胸膈气逆,胸痛,小腹疝痛,消乳肿,疏肝胆,泻肺气。”“青橘皮,其色青气烈,味苦而辛,治之以醋,所谓肝欲散,急食辛以散之,以酸泄之,以苦降之也。”      
 
  3.《本草汇言》:“青橘皮,破滞气,削坚积之药也。……此剂苦能泄,辛能散引能辟邪消瘴,运行水谷,诚专功也。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品所含主要成分与陈皮相似,但所含成分的量不同,如所含对羟福林比陈皮为高。另外含多种氨基酸,如天冬氨酸、谷氨酸、脯氨酸等。      
 
  2.药理作用:本品所含挥发油对胃肠道有温和的刺激作用,能促进消化液的分泌和排除肠内积气;其煎剂能抑制肠管平滑肌,呈解痉作用。此作用强于陈皮。本品对胆囊平滑肌有舒张作用,有利胆作用。其注射液静注有显着的升压作用,对心肌的兴奋性、收缩性、传导性和自律性均有明显的正性作用。其挥发油中的柠檬烯有祛痰、扩张支气管、平喘作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:以牛蒡青皮汤(牛蒡子30g,青皮15g)治疗急性乳腺炎获满意疗效(浙江中医杂志,1990,1:7),或以立效散(青皮、当归、瓜蒌仁各10g,制乳香、制没药、生甘草各6g)随证加减治疗224例,均获痊愈(湖北中医杂志,1982,3:43);以青茵合剂(青皮、茵陈、大黄、郁金、香附等)治疗非胆总管胆石症67例,总有效率89.56%(中医杂志,1987,6:427);以青皮注射液治疗阵发性室上性心动过速,效果显著(中医杂志,1987,3:198);以青皮注射液静脉滴注,治疗感染性休克、心源性休克、神经元性休克22例,升压效果显著且稳定(上海中医药杂志,1987,2:21)。

 


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