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Quanxie ( Scorpion)---全蝎

Price:
$180.00
Weight:
1.00 LBS
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Calculated at checkout


Product Description

quanxie-yuantai-l.jpg

 Scorpion-Quanxie is the dried body of Buthus martensii Karsch, pertaining to Buthidae. Collect it from the end of spring to the beginnig of fall. Quanxie collected from Clear and Bright Season to Grain Rain Season, is known as "spring scorpion", which is of better quality. After capture, it is put into water to vomit earth. After that, it is put into boiling water or boiling salty water until it becomes fully rigidified. It is taken to the ventilated space and then dried in shadow.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Pungent and neutral. Toxic; relate to liver meridian.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Extinguish wind, stop convulsions; relieve toxicity, dissipate nodulation; unblock collaterals and stop pain.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Spasms and convulsions      Quanxie is the most essential medicinal to treat spasms and convulsions. It treats spasms and convulsion, regardless of causes, in combination with Wugong; for example in Zhijing Powder. For infantile chronic convulsions, it is used in combinatin with Dangshen and Baizhu. In case of tetanus, it is in combination with Wugong and Gouteng. For facial palsy due to wind stroke, it is in combination with Jiangcan and Baifuzi, such as in Qianzheng Powder.

2. Sores, ulcers, swelling , toxin, scrofula and nodulation        It  treats swelling and sores, in combination with Zhizi. Decoct both in sesame oil until charred, remove dregs, and then mix with beeswax to make the paste for external application. Also it treats tuberculosis of bone and joint, scrofula and goiter, in combination with Maqianzi, Banxia and Wulingzhi.

3. Chronic arthralgia     It is with superior effect for chronic arthralgia, manifesting as convulsions of tendons and even distorted joints, in combination with Shexiang.

4. Refractory headache and migraine      It is effective alone by ground into powder for oral administration or in combination with Tianma , Wugong, Chuaxiong and Jiangcan for better effect.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 3-6g. It is ground into powder for oral administration, 0.6-1g. Also it is used externally.

[ Precautions ]: As it is toxic, the dosage should be small. Also be cautious for pregnant woman.

全蝎为钳蝎料动物东亚钳蝎Buthus martensii Karsch的干燥体。主产于河南、山东、湖北、安徽等地。清明至谷雨前后捕捉者,称为“春蝎”,此时未食泥土,品质较佳;夏季产量较多,称为“伏蝎”。饲养蝎一般在秋季,隔年收捕一次。野生蝎在春末至秋初捕捉,捕得后,先浸入清水中,待其吐出泥土,置沸水或沸盐水中,煮至全身僵硬,捞出,置通风处,阴干。

       【药性】辛,平。有毒。归肝经。        【功效】息风镇痉,攻毒散结,通络止痛。       
 
【应用】        1.痉挛抽搐。本品主入肝经,性善走窜,既平息肝风,又搜风通络,有良好的息风止痉之效,为治痉挛抽搐之要药。用治各种原因之惊风、痉挛抽搐,常与蜈蚣同用,即止痉散(《经验方》);如用治小儿急惊风高热,神昏、抽搐,常与羚羊角、钩藤、天麻等清热、息风药配伍;用治小儿慢惊风抽搐,常与党参、白术、天麻等益气健脾药同用;用治痰迷癫痫抽搐,可与郁金、白矾等份,研细末服;若治破伤风痉挛抽搐、角弓反张,又与蜈蚣、天南星、蝉蜕等配伍,如五虎追风散(广州中医学院《方剂学》);或与蜈蚣、钩藤、朱砂等配伍,如摄风散(《证治准绳》);治疗风中经络,口眼斜,可与白僵蚕、白附子等同用,如牵正散(《杨氏家藏方》)。       
 
2.疮疡肿毒,瘰疬结核。本品味辛,有毒,故有散结、攻毒之功,多作外敷用。如《本草纲目》引《澹寮方》用全蝎、栀子,麻油煎黑去渣,入黄蜡为膏外敷,治疗诸疮肿毒;《医学衷中参西录》以本品焙焦,黄酒下,消颌下肿硬;《经验方》小金散,以本品配马钱子、半夏、五灵脂等,共为细末,制成片剂用,治流痰、瘰疬、瘿瘤等证。近代用本品配伍蜈蚣、地龙、虫各等份,研末或水泛为丸服,以治淋巴结核、骨与关节结核等。亦有单用全蝎,香油炸黄内服,治疗流行性腮腺炎。       
 
 3.风湿顽痹。本品善于通络止痛,对风寒湿痹久治不愈,筋脉拘挛,甚则关节变形之顽痹,作用颇佳。可用全蝎配麝香少许,共为细末,温酒送服,对减轻疼痛有效,如全蝎末方(《仁斋直指方》);临床亦常与川乌、白花蛇、没药等祛风、活血、舒筋活络之品同用。        4.顽固性偏正头痛。本品搜风通络止痛之效较强,用治偏正头痛,单味研末吞服即有效;配合天麻、蜈蚣、川芎、僵蚕等同用,则其效更佳。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3~6g。研末吞服,每次0.6~1g。外用适量。       
 
【使用注意】本品有毒,用量不宜过大。孕妇慎用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《开宝本草》:“疗诸风瘾疹及中风半身不遂,口眼斜,语涩,手足抽掣。”       
 
 2.《本草从新》:“治诸风掉眩,惊痫抽掣,口眼斜……厥阴风木之病。”       
 
 3.《本草求真》:“全蝎,专入肝祛风,凡小儿胎风发搐,大人半身不遂,口眼斜,语言蹇涩,手足抽掣,疟疾寒热,耳聋,带下,皆因外风内客,无不用之。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含蝎毒,一种类似蛇毒神经毒的蛋白质。并含三甲胺、甜菜碱、牛磺酸、棕榈酸、软硬脂酸、胆甾醇、卵磷脂及铵盐等。尚含钠、钾、钙、镁、铁、铜、锌、锰等微量元素。现研究最多的有镇痛活性最强的蝎毒素Ⅲ、抗癫痫肽(AEP)等。      
 
  2.药理作用:东亚钳蝎毒和从粗毒中纯化得到的抗癫痫肽(AEP)有明显的抗癫痫作用;全蝎对士的宁、烟碱、戊四氮等引起的惊厥有对抗作用;全蝎提取液有抑制动物血栓形成和抗凝作用;蝎身及蝎尾制剂对动物躯体痛或内脏痛均有明显镇痛作用;蝎尾镇痛作用比蝎身强约5倍;全蝎水、醇提取物分别对人体肝癌和结肠癌细胞有抑制作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:据报道,内服蛇蝎散,由乌梢蛇2份、全蝎、蜈蚣各1份组成,治疗神经根痛52例,有较好的止痛作用(新中医,2002,2:21);用活全蝎1只,置青瓦上焙干后研成细末,再取鲜鸡蛋1枚,冲成蛋花,将蝎粉均匀撒在蛋花上,趁热喝下,治疗晚期癌症疼痛42例,有较好的止痛效果(时珍国医国药,2000,5:449);全蝎、蜈蚣、地鳖虫、血竭、参三七各等份,烘干研末,装胶囊,每次0.3g,治疗附睾炎性硬结50例,取得满意效果(江苏中医药,2002,1:27)。另有用全蝎等诒疗癫痫、脑血栓、狂犬病、乳腺炎、小儿麻痹症等。       
 
 4.不良反应:全蝎用量过大可致头痛、头昏、血压升高、心慌、心悸、烦躁不安;严重者血压突然下降、呼吸困难、发绀、昏迷,最后多因呼吸麻痹而死亡。若过敏者可出现全身性红色皮疹及风团,可伴发热等;此外,还可引起蛋白尿、神经中毒,表现为面部咬肌强直性痉挛,以及全身剥脱性皮炎等。全蝎中毒的主要原因:一是用量过大,二是过敏体质者出现过敏反应。所以要严格掌握用量,过敏体质者应忌用。全蝎中毒救治一般疗法:蝎毒中毒出现全身症状者,静滴10%葡萄糖酸钙10ml;10%水合氯醛保留灌肠;肌注阿托品1~2mg;静滴可的松100ml,同时注入抗组织胺药物,防治低血压,肺水肿;亦可注入抗蝎毒血清,可迅速缓解中毒症状。中医治疗:金银花30g,半边莲9g,土茯苓、绿豆各15g,甘草9g,水煎服。       

 


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