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Ren shen Bai du san (Antiphlogistic Powder )---人参败毒散

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【组成】  柴胡(9g)  前胡(9g)  川芎(9g)  枳壳(9g)  羌活(9g)  独活(9g)  茯苓(9g)  桔梗(9g)  人参(9g)  甘草(5g)
【功用】  散寒祛湿,益气解表
【主治】  气虚外感证。憎寒壮热头项强痛,肢体痠痛,无汗鼻塞声重,咳嗽有痰,胸膈痞满,舌淡苔白,脉浮而按之无力。
【歌诀】  人参败毒茯苓草,枳桔柴前羌独芎,薄荷少许姜三片,时行感冒有奇功。

Bai du san(Antiphlogistic Powder )


Bupleurum root 30g, Peucedanum root 30g,  Chuanxiong rhizome 30g,  Bitter orange 30g,  Notopterygium root 30g , Pubescent angelica root 30g,  Poria 30g , Platycodon root 30g,  Ginseng 30g,  Licorice root 15g

[DIRECTIONS]:Grind the above herbs into powder. Decoct 6 gram of the pow­der each time in water with fresh ginger and peppermint for oral administration.

[EFFECTS]:Dispelling wind and dampness to relieve the exterior by sweating.

[INDICATIONS]:Exogenous attack of wind, cold and dampness manifested by severe chill with sthenic fever, headache with stiff neck, aching of limbs, absence of sweat, stuffy nose with heavy nasal sound, cough with expectoration, fullness and distress of chest, white arid greasy coating, floating soft pulse or floating rapid pulse but feeble in deep touch.

[ANALYSIS OF FORMULA]: This is a common formula for strengthening the genuine and relieving the exterior. Notopterygium root and pubescent angelica root act as the main herbs to dispel wind and dampness for relieving the exterior and pain as well as clearing meridians of all the body. Bupleurum root and pepper­mint can expel evils and relieve muscles; chuanxiong rhizome activates blood for expelling wind. They act as the assistant herbs. As the adjuvant herbs, platycodon root and bitter orange can soothe the chest and activate qi with functions of both ascending and descending; peucedanum root disperses the lung for expelling phlegm; poria and fresh ginger can strengthen the spleen to resolve phlegm; gin­seng strengthens the genuine qi for expelling wind, cold and dampness evils through sweating. Licorice root acts as the dispatcher herb to harmonize all the components and to tonify qi for harmonizing the middle.

This formula is originally set for infants. Because of insufficiency of the pri­mordial qi in infants, small dosage of ginseng is used to invigorate it. Afterwards, it was effectively used for cases of senile patient, postpartum or constitutional de­ficiency with the exterior syndrome caused by exogenous wind, cold and dampness evils. It was also applied by Yu Jiayan, a famous physician in Qing Dynasty, to treating the beginning of dysentery with the exterior syndrome. The medicinal property of this formula is mild warm and dryness, so it cannot be applied to the exterior syndrome not due to exogenous attack of wind, cold and dampness evils.


(1)      Schizonepeta and Ledebouriella Antiphlogistic Powder (Jing fang bai du san)(Wonderful Formulae for Everyone’s Life-Preserving):

Notopterygium root 5g, pubescent angelica root 5g, bupleurum root 5g, peu- cedanum root 5g, bitter orange 5g,poria 5g, schizonepeta 5g, ledebouriella root 5g, platycodon root 5g, chuanxiong rhizome 5g, licorice root 3g.

The above herbs should be decocted in water for oral use. Effects: inducing perspiration to relieve the exterior and sores. Indications: the beginning of sores manifested by local swelling pain, chill, fever, absence of sweat, thirst, thin and white coating, floating rapid pulse.

(2)      Canglin Powder(Cang- ling san)(Formulae for Universal Relief):

Ginseng, poria, licorice, peucedanum root, chuanxiong rhizome, notopterygi­um root, pubescent angelica root, platycodon root, bitter orange, bupleurum root, long-stored rice, fresh ginger and peppermint(with equal dosage respectively)

The above herbs should be decocted in water for oral use. It is vigorous tonify qi to relieve the exterior, clear poison and stop vomiting. Indications: anorectic dysentery with fever and vomiting.

NOTES: Schizonepeta and Ledebouriella Powder is a modification of Anti­phlogistic Powder by removing ginseng, ginger and peppermint and adding schi­zonepeta and ledebouriella root. In this formula, there is no effects of tonifying qi and strengthening the genuine, but the effect of dispelling wind and cold is strengthened. Thus, Schizonepeta and Ledebouriella Powder is more suitable for cases with heavy exterior syndrome. Canglin Powder is composed of Antiphlogis­tic Powder plus long-stored rice. It expels dampness and warmness, nourishes the stomach-qi without side-effect of stagation, so it can be applied to anorectic dysen­tery of stomach-qi deficiency.


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