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Renshen (Ginseng)---人参(powder100g/bottle)

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$149.30
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This mediicnal is the dried root orrhizoma of Panax Ginseng C.A. Mey. (Fam.Araliaceae). The ones produced in Fusong county of Jinlin Province being of the largest quantity are called Jinlin Gingseng. The wild Ginseng, also called mountain Ginseng, is of the best quality. The wild Genshen grown in the mountain forest is called linxiashen, while the cultivated one is known as Garden Ginseng, which is normally harvested after the plant has been growing for 6-7years. Raw roots of Ginseng, after being washed clean and dried by sunlight, are known as suncured Ginseng; while those dried after having been steamed are known as red Ginseng. The fine roots produced in the process of preparation are known as Ginseng tassel. Mountain ginseng dried by sunlight is known as suncured mountain Ginseng. This medicinal is sliced or ground for use.

[ Medicinal Properties]: Sweet, slightly bitter, neutral; relate to lung, spleen and heart meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Replenish the primordial qi; tonify the spleen and lung; promote fluid production and induce tranquilization.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Prostration syndrome of primordial qi      It is a vital life-saving medicinal and used to treat the crucial state due to prostration syndrome of primordial qi manifested as shortness of breath, listlessness, as well as a weak and faint pulse . It can be used alone such as in the Dushen Decocotion. For declination of yang qi manifested as cold extremities, it is used in combination with Fuzi, as in the Shenfu Decoction. For thirst due to deficiency of both qi and yin, it is used in combination with Maidong and Wuweizi, as in the Shengmai Powder.

2. Lung qi deficiency syndrome     For shortness of breath, dyspnea, reluctance to speak and a low voice due to deficient lung qi, it is usually used in combination with Huangqi and Wuweizi. For dyspnea due to deficiency of both the lung and kidney, it is used in combinaiton with Gejie and Wuweizi, as in the Renshen Gejie Powder.

3. Spleen qi deficiency syndrome      For lassitude, lack of strength, anorexia and loose stools due to spleen qi deficiency, it is usually used in combination with Baizhu and Fuling as in the Sijunzi Decocotion. For various type of bleeding due to the failure of spleen to control blood, it is usually used in combinationn with Huangqi and Baizhu, as in the Guipi Decoction.

3.Thirst due to  qi deficiency and consumption of fluid in febrile diseases; xiaoke (similar to diabetes)       For febrile diseases with consumption of qi and body fluid manifested as thirst, large and feeble pulse, it is prescribed with Zhimu, Shigao as in BaiHu Jia Renshen Decoction. For xiaoke(similar to diabetes), it is used in combination with Tianhuafen and Shengdihuang.

5. Palpations fearful throbbing, insomnia and dream-disturbed sleep    Due to its action of replenishing heart qi, it is used in combination with Suanzaoren and Baizhiren to treat heart qi deficiency syndrome manifested as palpations, fearful throbbing, insomnia and dream-disturbed sleep.

In addition, it functions to replenish qi and strengthen yang and is used to treat impotence. When combined with pathogen-expelling medicinals such as exterior-releasing mediicnals, offensive purgatives, it has the efficacy to reinforce the healthy and dispel the pathogenic. It is used to treat excessive pathogens with healthy qi being deficient, such as in the case of qi deficiency with external contraction or with heat accumulation of interior-excess.

[Usage and Dosage ]: 3-9g. In case of prostration syndrome, the recommended dosage can be as much as 15-30g. It should be simmered separately and later mixed with decoction of other medicinal herbs for oral administration. As to Wild ginseng. it is ground into powder for swallows, 2g each time, two times per day.

[ Precautions ]: It should not be used in combination with Lilu.

[ Side Effects ]: Chronic administration of Renshen or Renshen Preparations can cause diarrhea, rashes, insomnia, nervousness, increased blood pressure, melancholy, hypersexuality (or hyposexuality), headache or palpitations. Bleeding is indicatiive of acute poisoning of Renshen.

人参为五加科植物人参Panax ginseng C.A.Mey.的根。主产于吉林、辽宁、黑龙江。以吉林抚松县产量最大,质量最好,称吉林参。野生者名“山参”;栽培者称“园参”。园参一般应栽培6~7年后收获。鲜参洗净后干燥者称“生晒参”;蒸制后干燥者称“红参”;加工断下的细根称“参须”。山参经晒干称“生晒山参”。切片或粉碎用。

       【药性】甘、微苦,平。归肺、脾、心经。        【功效】大补元气,补脾益肺,生津,安神益智。       
 
【应用】        1.元气虚脱证。本品能大补元气,复脉固脱,为拯危救脱要药。适用于因大汗、大泻、大失血或大病、久病所致元气虚极欲脱,气短神疲,脉微欲绝的重危证候。单用有效,如独参汤(《景岳全书》)。若气虚欲脱兼见汗出,四肢逆冷者,应与回阳救逆之附子同用,以补气固脱与回阳救逆,如参附汤(《正体类要》)。若气虚欲脱兼见汗出身暖,渴喜冷饮,舌红干燥者,本品兼能生津,常与麦冬、五味子配伍,以补气养阴,敛汗固脱,如生脉散(《内外伤辨惑论》)。       
 
 2.肺脾心肾气虚证。本品为补肺要药,可改善短气喘促,懒言声微等肺气虚衰症状。治肺气咳喘、痰多者,常与五味子、苏子、杏仁等药同用,如补肺汤(《千金方》)。        本品亦为补脾要药,可改善倦怠乏力,食少便溏等脾气虚衰症状。因脾虚不运常兼湿滞,故常与白术、茯苓等健脾利湿药配伍,如四君子汤(《和剂局方》)。若脾气虚弱,不能统血,导致长期失血者,本品又能补气以摄血,常与黄芪、白术等补中益气之品配伍,如归脾汤(《济生方》)。若脾气虚衰,气虚不能生血,以致气血两虚者,本品还能补气以生血,可与当归、熟地等药配伍,如八珍汤(《正体类要》)。        本品又能补益心气,可改善心悸怔忡,胸闷气短,脉虚等心气虚衰症状,并能安神益智,治疗失眠多梦,健忘。常与酸枣仁、柏子仁等药配伍,如天王补心丹(《摄生秘剖》)。       
本品还有补益肾气作用,不仅可用于肾不纳气的短气虚喘,还可用于肾虚阳痿。治虚喘,常与蛤蚧、五味子、胡桃等药同用。治肾阳虚衰,肾精亏虚之阳痿,则常与鹿茸等补肾阳、益肾精之品配伍。       
 
3.热病气虚津伤口渴及消渴证。热邪不仅容易伤津,而且亦会耗气,对于热病气津两伤,口渴,脉大无力者,本品既能补气,又能生津。治热伤气津者,常与知母、石膏同用,如白虎加人参汤(《伤寒论》)。消渴一病,虽有在肺、脾(胃)、肾的不同,但常常相互影响。其病理变化主要是阴虚与燥热,往往气阴两伤,人参既能补益肺脾肾之气,又能生津止渴,故治消渴的方剂中亦较常用。       
 
 此外,本品还常与解表药、攻下药等祛邪药配伍,用于气虚外感或里实热结而邪实正虚之证,有扶正祛邪之效。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3~19g;挽救虚脱可用15~30g。宜文火另煎分次兑服。野山参研末吞服,每次2g,日服2次。       
 
【使用注意】不宜与藜芦同用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“补五脏,安精神,定魂魄,止惊悸,除邪气,明目,开心益智”。       
 
2.《医学启源·药类法象》引《主治秘要》:“补元气,止渴,生津液”。       
 
3.《本草汇言》:“补气生血,助精养神之药也”。       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含多种人参皂苷、挥发油、氨基酸、微量元素及有机酸、糖类、维生素等成分。       
 
2.药理作用:人参具有抗体克作用,人参注射液对失血性休克和急性中毒性休克患者比其他原因引起的休克,效果尤为显著;可使心搏振辐及心率显著增加,在心功能衰竭时,强心作用更为显著;能兴奋垂体一肾上腺皮质系统,提高应激反应能力;对高级神经活动的兴奋和抑制过程均有增强作用;能增强神经活动过程的灵活性,提高脑力劳动功能;有抗疲劳,促进蛋白质、RNA、DNA的合成,促进造血系统功能,调节胆固醇代谢等作用;能增强机体免疫功能;能增强性腺机能,有促性腺激素样作用;能降低血糖。此外,尚有抗炎、抗过敏、抗利尿及抗肿瘤等多种作用。人参的药理活性常因机体能状态不同而呈双向作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:据报道,口服人参晶胶囊(每粒含人参皂苷40mg),1日2次,1次1粒,治疗脾肾两虚证Ⅱ型糖尿病患者30例,均有较明显的降低血糖作用(新中医,2000,7:44)。以参麦注射液用于白血病化疗患者30例,对化疗引起的消化道反应及心肌酶谱变化的影响明显低于对照组(新中医,2000,5:19)。用人参治疗27名阳痿患者,15例性机能恢复,9例好转,3例无效;或每日服人参提取物500mg,治老年性继发性性功能障碍,有一定疗效(吉林医学,1983,5:54);人参总皂苷胶囊口服,每日2.4~3.0g,治疗肾性贫血有一定效果(综合临床医学,1993,4:209);本品还常用以治疗休克、肺心病、白细胞减少、慢性肝炎、病毒性心肌炎、肿瘤等多种疾病。       
 
4.不良反应:长期服人参或人参制剂,可出现腹泻、皮疹、失眠、神经过敏、血压升高、忧郁、性欲亢进(或性机能减退)、头痛、心悸等不良反应。出血是人参急性中毒的特征。临床还有人参蛤蚧精口服液致剥脱性皮炎、人参蜂王浆致急性肾炎血尿加重等报道。       

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