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RòuDòuKòu (Nutmeg)---肉豆蔻

Price:
$19.87
Weight:
1.00 LBS
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Product Description

roudoukou-yuantai-l.jpgroudoukou-yaocai-l.jpg

 

It is the dried kernel of the arbor Myristica fragrans Houtt, family Myristicacene. The ripe fruit is collected in winter and spring. After the shell is removed, it is dried and then roasted,get rid of the oil for medication.

[Medicinal Properties]: Pungent and warm; relate to the spleen, stomach and large intestine meridians.

[Medicinal Efficacies]: Astringe the intestine to stop diarrhea; warm the middle energizer to promote flow of qi.

[Clinical Applications]:

  1. Diarrhea of deficiency type and cold dysentery It is the essential medicinal for dysentery of deficiency cold. For chronic diarrhea and dysentery due to asthenia and cold of spleen and stomach, it can be used in combination with Rougui, Ganjiang, Dangshen; for diarrhea at dawn due to yang-deficiency of the spleen and kidney, it can be used in combination with Buguzhi, Wuweizi, Wuzhuyu, such as in the formula Sishen Pill. 
  2. Stomach-cold leading to distending pain, poor appetite and vomiting In treating stomach-cold with stagnation of qi manifesting as abdominal pain, poor appetite and vomiting, it is often used in combination with Muxiang, Ganjiang and Banxia. 

[Usage and Dosage]: 3-9g is used in decoction and 1.5-3g is used in pill or powder. It must be roasted after being drained off the oil for oral use.

[Precautions]: It is contraindicated in those patients with dysentery due to stagnation of dampness and heat.

[Medicinal Comparison]:

[Similarities]: Roudouko and Doukou have the same functions of warm the middle energizer to promote flow of qi. They all can treat stomach-cold with stagnation of qi manifesting as abdominal distension and pain, poor appetite and vomiting.

[Differences]: Roudoukou has the function of astringing the intestine to stop diarrhea, it can treat chronic diarrhea and dysentery due to asthenia and cold of spleen and stomach, diarrhea at dawn due to yang-deficiency of the spleen and kidney. But Doukou has the function of transforming dampenss and stopping vomiting. It can treat oppression in the chest, poor appetite due to retention of damp-heat in the middle energizer or at the early stage of damp-warm disease; vomiting due to stomach-cold, blockage of dampness, stagnation of qi; vomiting and poor appetite of infants due to stomach-cold.

[Side Effects]: This medicinal can cause poisoning if it is not be processed after being drained off the oil for oral use or over dosage. In mild cases symptoms include hallucinations, nausea, and vertigo; in more serious example, symptoms may include incoherent talk, coma, dilatation of pupil, slow breathing, abolition of reflex, even death. Therefore, it is not utilized in the raw form generally.

肉豆蔻为肉豆蔻科植物肉豆蔻myristica fragrans Houtt的成熟种仁。主产于马来西亚、印度尼西亚;我国广东、广西、云南亦有栽培。冬、春两季果实成熟时采收。除去皮壳后,干燥,煨制去油用。

       【药性】辛,温。归脾、胃、大肠经。        【功效】涩肠止泻,温中行气。       
 
 【应用】        1.虚泻,冷痢。本品辛温而涩,入中焦, 能暖脾胃,固大肠,止泻痢,为治疗虚寒性泻痢之要药。治脾胃虚寒之久泻、久痢者,常与肉桂、干姜、 党参、白术、诃子等药同用;若配补骨脂、五味子、吴茱萸,可治脾肾阳虚,五更泄泻者,如四神丸(《证治准绳》)。       
 
 2.胃寒胀痛,食少呕吐。本品辛香温燥,能温中理脾、行气止痛。治胃寒气滞、脘腹胀痛、食少呕吐等证,常与木香、干姜、半夏等药同用。       
 
 【用法用量】煎服,3~9g;入丸、散服,每次0.5~1g。内服须煨熟去油用。       
 
【使用注意】湿热泻痢者忌用。        【古籍摘要】        1.《药性论》:“能主小儿吐逆不下乳,腹痛;治宿食不消,痰饮。”       
 
 2.《开宝本草》:“主温中消食,止泄,治积冷心腹胀痛,霍乱中恶”。       
 
3.《本草经疏》:“肉豆蔻辛味能散能消,温气能和中通畅,其气芬芳,香气先入脾,脾主消化,温和而辛香,故开胃,胃喜暖故也。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:肉豆蔻含挥发油5~15%。另含肉豆蔻醚、丁香酚,异丁香酚及多种萜烯类化合物。      
 
  2.药理作用:肉豆蔻所含挥发油,少量能促进胃液的分泌及胃肠蠕动,而有开胃和促进食欲,消胀止痛的功效;但大量服用则有抑制作用,且有较显著的麻醉作用;挥发油中的萜类成分对细菌和霉菌均有抑制作用。肉豆蔻醚对正常人有致幻、抗炎作用;肉豆蔻及肉豆蔻醚能增强色胺的作用,体内外试验均对单胺氧化酶有中度的抑制作用。肉豆蔻对MCA和DMBA诱发的小鼠子宫癌及皮肤乳头状瘤有抑制作用。       
 
3.临床研究:据临床报道,用煨肉蔻、炒五味子、煨木香、诃子肉、炒吴茱萸共研末,开水调服。治疗慢性腹泻效佳.(中国中医秘方大全(上册)北京:文汇出版社,1989)。 用肉豆蔻、车前子、诃子、木香各等分,研为细末,用姜汁调成糊状,敷于脐部治疗婴儿腹泻,一般l~2次可愈(中原医刊,1986,4:21)。       
 
 4.不良反应:肉豆蔻所含挥发油中有效成份肉豆蔻醚具有一定的毒性,动物试验可引起肝变性;肉豆蔻醚对正常人有致幻作用。对人的大脑有中度兴奋作用。在中毒时,轻者出现幻觉,或恶心,眩晕;重者则谵语,昏迷,瞳孔散大,呼吸变慢,反射消失,甚至死亡。中毒原因及预防:肉豆蔻未经炮制去油,或用量过大,可引起中毒。一般不可用生品。       

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