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ShanZhuYu (Fructus Corni /Asiatic Cornelian Cherry Fruit)---山茱萸 (powder100g/bottle)

Price:
$37.96
Weight:
0.30 LBS
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Calculated at checkout


Product Description

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It is the ripe fruit of the Cornus officinalis Sieb.et Zucc., family Cornaceae. The medicinal material is collected in the end of autumn or early winter, it is baked over a soft fire or treated with boiling water for a moment, the core is removed promptly, and then it is dried in the sunshine or baked for medicinal use.

[Medicinal Properties]: Sour, astringent and slightly warm; relate to the liver and kidney meridians.

[Medicinal Efficacies]: Tonify liver and kidney; astringe essence and strengthen collapse.

[Clinical Applications]:

  1. Soreness of waist and knees, dizziness, tinnitus, and impotence      It can be used for deficiency of the liver and kidney manifesting as dizziness, soreness of waist, tinnitus, combined with Shudihuang, Shanyao, such as in the formula Luewei Dihuang Pill; It can be used for weak fire of mingmen manifesting as cold pain of waist and knees, dysury, combined with Rougui, Fuzi, such as in the formula Shenqi Pill; for impotence due to insufficiency of kidney-yang, combined with Lurong, Buguzhi, Bajitian. 

       2. Emission, spermatorrhoea, ensuresis, frequent urination   In treating emission,spermatorrhoea due to kidney deficiency leading to essence not being consolidated, it is often used together with Shudihuang, Shanyao, ; In treating enuresis and frequent urination with deficiency of kidney leading to bladder lost restriction, it is often used together with Fupenzi, Junyingzi,Shayuanzi.

       3. Metrorrhagia and metrostaxix and menorrhagia   In treating metrorhagia and metrostaxis and menorrhagia due to deficiency of liver and kidney, it is often used with Shudihuang, Baishao; in treating those due to deficiency of spleen, unconsolidation of thoroughfare and conception vessels, it is often used with Longgu, Huangqi.

       4.Profuse sweating and collapse due to weak constitution   For profuse sweating and collapse due to weak constitution, it is often used with Renshen, Fuzi, and Longgu.

In addition, this medicinal also can be used for Xiaoke (diabetes), it is mostly combined with Shengdihuang and Tianhuafen.

[Usage and Dosage]: 3-10g is used for oral use. Large dosage may be up top 20-30g for emergency to strengthen collapse.

[Precautions]: It is not suitable for patients with dribbling and astringent pain during urination due to damp-heat in normal timer.

山茱萸为山茱萸科植物山茱萸Cornus officinalis Sieb.et Zucc.的成熟果肉。主产于浙江、安徽、河南、陕西、山西等地。秋末冬初采收。用文火烘焙或置沸水中略烫,及时挤出果核。晒干或烘干用。

       【药性】酸、 涩,微温。归肝、肾经。        【功效】补益肝肾,收敛固涩。       
 
【应用】        1.腰膝酸软,头晕耳鸣,阳痿。本品酸微温质润,其性温而不燥,补而不峻,补益肝肾,既能益精,又可助阳,为平补阴阳之要药。治肝肾阴虚,头晕目眩、腰酸耳鸣者,常与熟地,山药等配伍,如六味地黄丸(《小儿药证直诀》); 治命门火衰,腰膝冷痛,小便不利者,常与肉桂、附子等同用,如肾气丸(《金匮要略》);治肾阳虚阳痿者,多与鹿茸、补骨脂、巴戟天、淫羊藿等配伍,以补肾助阳。       
 
 2.遗精滑精,遗尿尿频。本品既能补肾益精,又能固精缩尿。于补益之中又具封藏之功,为固精止遗之要药。 治肾虚精关不固之遗精、滑精者,常与熟地、山药等同用,如六味地黄丸(《小儿药证直诀》)、肾气丸(《金匮要略》);治肾虚膀胱失约之遗尿、尿频者。常与覆盆子、金樱子、沙苑子、桑螵蛸等药同用。       
 
3.崩漏,月经过多。 本品入于下焦,能补肝肾、固冲任以止血。 治妇女肝肾亏损,冲任不固之崩漏及月经过多者,常与熟地黄、白芍药、当归等同用,如加味四物汤(《傅青主女科》);若脾气虚弱,冲任不固而漏下不止者,常与龙骨、黄芪、白术、五味子等同用,如固冲汤(《医学衷中参西录》)。       
 
4.大汗不止,体虚欲脱。 本品酸涩性温,能收敛止汗,固涩滑脱,为防止元气虚脱之要药。治大汗欲脱或久病虚脱者,常与人参、附子、龙骨等同用,如来复汤(《医学衷中参西录》)。       
 
此外,本品亦治消渴证,多与生地、天花粉等同用。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,5~10g,急救固脱20~30g。       
 
【使用注意】素有湿热而致小便淋涩者,不宜应用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主心下邪气,寒热,温中,逐寒湿痹,去三虫”。       
 
2.《药性论》:“止月水不定,补肾气,兴阳道,添精髓,疗耳鸣,止老人尿不节。”        3.《汤液本草》:“滑则气脱,涩剂所以收之,山茱萸止小便利,秘精气,取其味酸涩以收滑之。“”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:果实含山茱萸苷、乌索酸、莫罗忍冬苷、7—O—甲基莫罗忍冬苷、獐牙菜苷、番木鳖苷。此外,还有没食子酸、苹果酸、酒石酸、原维生素A、以及皂苷、鞣质等。       
 
2.药理作用:果实煎剂在体外对痢疾杆菌、金黄色葡萄球菌及堇毛癣菌,流感病毒等有不同程度抑制作用。山茱萸注射液能强心、升压。并能抑制血小板聚集,抗血栓形成。山茱萸醇提取物对四氧嘧啶、肾上腺素性及链脲佐菌素(STZ)所形成的大鼠糖尿病,有明显降血糖作用。山茱萸流浸膏对麻醉犬有利尿作用。山茱萸对非特异性免疫功能有增强作用,体外试验能抑制腹水癌细胞。有抗实验性肝损害作用。对于因化学疗法及放射疗法引起的白细胞下降,有使其升高的作用。且有抗氧化作用。有较弱的兴奋副交感神经作用。所含鞣质有收敛作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:据临床报道,以山茱萸为主,配五味子、乌梅、苍术煎服。治疗糖尿病1l0例,总有效率85.4%(山东中医杂志,1988,7,2:27)。五味子合剂(五味子、山茱萸肉等),治内耳眩晕者,效良(陕西中医,1989,10,12:535)。干山茱萸碾末,每晚睡前以陈醋调成糊丸,敷于双足涌泉穴,治单纯性口腔溃疡反复发作者,有效(新中医,1992,3:163)。

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