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sharen ( Fructus Amomi )---砂仁(powder100g/bottle)

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Product Description

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The source is from the dried ripe fruit of Amomum villosum Lour., Amomum villosum Lour. var. xanthioides T. L. Wu et Senjen or Amomum longiligulare T.L. Wu, family Zingiberaceae. The medicinal from Amomum villosum Lour. has the best quality. It is collected in summer and autumn when the fruits are ripe, dried in the sun or in low temperature. The crude one is broken into pieces for medication.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Pungent and warm; relate to spleen and stomach meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Resolvedampness, move qi; warm the middle, check diarrhea; prevent abortion.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 3-6g. It should be added later to the decoction.

[ Precautions ]: Be careful when using with yin deficiency with blood dryness.

[ Annotation ]: Sharenqiao: The source is from the shell of Fructus Amomi. Its properties and actions resemble Sharen. But it is weaker in nature and efficacy than Sharen. It is suitable for qi stagnation in the spleen and stomach manifested as epigastric and abdominal distending sensation and pain, vomiting, nausea and poor appetite, etc. The dosage is equal to that of Sharen.
 
[ Clinical applications ]: 1. Retention of dampness in the middle energizer and qi stagnation in the spleen and stomach     It has good actions of resolving damp, enlivening spleen, moving qi and warming the middle. So it is suitable especially for qi stagnatin due to cold-damp. For retention of dampness in the middle energizer, it is usually combined with Houpo, Chenpi and Zhishi. For qi stagnation in the spleen and stomach, it is combined with Muxiang and Zhishi, etc.,such as in Xiangsha Zhizhu Pill. For spleen-stomach weakness, it can be used together with medicinals that can invigorate spleen and replenish qi such as Dangshen, Baizhu and Fuling,etc., such as in Xiangsha Liujunzi Decoction.
 
2. Vomiting and diarrhea due to spleen-stomach deficiency-cold    It can warm the middle, arrest vomiting and check diarrhea. For diarrhea of cold in the spleen , it can be ground into powder alone for oral use, or together with Ganjiang and Fuzi, etc.
 
3. Morning sickness and threatened abortion of qi stagnation     It can move qi and harmonize the middle to arrest vomiting and prevent abortion. It can be used alone, such as in Suosha Powder, or together with Sugeng and Baizhu, etc.

砂仁为姜科植物阳春砂A.villosum Lour.、绿壳砂A. villosum Lour. Var. xanthioides T.L.Wu et Senjen或海南砂 A. longiligulare T.L.Wu的干燥成熟果实。阳春砂主产于广东、广西、云南、福建等地;绿壳砂主产于广东、云南等地;海南砂主产于海南及雷州半岛等地。于夏、秋间果实成熟时采收,晒干或低温干燥。用时打碎生用。
      
【药性】辛,温。归脾、胃、肾经。        【功效】化湿行气,温中止泻,安胎。       
 
【应用】        1.湿阻中焦及脾胃气滞证。本品辛散温通,气味芬芳,其化湿醒脾,行气温中之效均佳,古人曰其:“为醒脾调胃要药。”故凡湿阻或气滞所致之脘腹胀痛等脾胃不和诸证常用,尤其是寒湿气滞者最为适宜。若湿阻中焦者,常与厚朴、陈皮、枳实等同用。若脾胃气滞,可与木香、枳实同用,如香砂枳术丸(《景岳全书》);若脾胃虚弱之证,可配健脾益气之党参、白术、茯苓等,如香砂六君子汤(《和剂局方》)。     
 
   2.脾胃虚寒吐泻。本品善能温中暖胃以达止呕止泻之功,但其重在温脾。可单用研末吞服,或与干姜、附子等药同用。       
 
 3.气滞妊娠恶阻及胎动不安。本品能行气和中而止呕安胎。若妊娠呕逆不能食,可单用,如缩砂散(《济生方》),或与苏梗、白术等配伍同用;若气血不足,胎动不安者,可与人参、白术、熟地等配伍,以益气养血安胎,如泰山磐石散(《古今医统》)。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3~6 g,入汤剂宜后下。        【使用注意】阴虚血燥者慎用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《药性论》:“主冷气腹痛,止休息气痢,劳损,消化水谷,温暖脾胃。”        2.《开宝本草》:“治虚劳冷痢,宿食不消,赤白泻痢,腹中虚痛,下气。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:阳春砂含挥发油,油中主要成分为右旋樟脑、龙脑、乙酸龙脑酯、柠檬烯、橙花叔醇等,并含皂苷。缩砂含挥发油,油中主要成分为樟脑、一种萜烯等。       
 
 2.药理作用:本品煎剂可增强胃的功能,促进消化液的分泌,可增进肠道运动,排出消化管内的积气。可起到帮助消化,消除肠胀气症状。砂仁能明显抑制因ADP所致家兔血小板聚集,对花生四烯酸诱发的小鼠急性死亡有明显保护作用,同时有明显的对抗由胶原和肾上腺素所诱发的小鼠急性死亡作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:据报道,以砂仁为主或适当配伍还可用于治疗其它多种疾病,如:用砂仁研细末,与糯米饭拌均,塞鼻,治疗乳腺炎50例,均茯良效(江苏中医杂志,1987,11:10);或将砂仁9g,填入癞蛤蟆腹内,用黄泥包好,放火上烤酥为细面,冲服,治疗慢性粒细胞型白血病(浙江中医学院学报,1990,5:56);另用砂仁、茯苓、焦三仙、麝香、制成膏、贴敷于中脘、气海穴上,治疗小儿厌食症100例,总有效率达97%(陕西中医,1994,5:226)。       
 
 附药 砂仁壳        为砂仁之果壳。性味功效与砂仁相似,而温性略减,药力薄弱,适用脾胃气滞,脘腹胀痛,呕恶食少等症。用量同砂仁。

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