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Shenqu ( Medicated leaven)---神曲

Price:
$13.65
Weight:
1.00 LBS
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Product Description

shenqu-yaocai-l.jpg

 This medicinal consists of the mixture of fermented powders of wheat flour and some other medicinals . It can be used in its raw or stir-baked form.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Sweet, pungent and warm; relate to spleen and stomach meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Promote digestion and harmonize the stomach.

[ Clinical Applications ]: Indigestion      It is a it pungent inn flavor and can circulate the stagnant qi in spleen and stomach. Stir-baked to brown, it has the action of relieving diarrhea, so it is often used for indigestion, epigastric and abdominal fullness, lack of appetite and diarrhea, ususally combined with Shanzha and Maiya.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 6-15g. For indigestion it is better to be stir-baked to brown.

神曲为面粉和其他药物混合后经发酵而成的加工品。全国各地均有生产。其制法是:取较大量面粉或麸 皮、与杏仁泥、赤小豆粉、以及鲜青蒿、鲜苍耳、鲜辣蓼自然汁,混合拌匀,使干湿适宜,放入筐内,复以麻叶或楮叶,保温发酵一周,长出黄菌丝时取出,切成小块,晒干即成。生用或炒用。

【药性】甘、辛,温。归脾、胃经。        【功效】消食和胃。       
 
【应用】        饮食积滞证。本品辛以行散消食,甘温健脾开胃,和中止泻。常配山楂、麦芽、木香等同用,治疗食滞脘腹胀满,食少纳呆,肠鸣腹泻者。又因本品略能解表退热,故尤宜外感表证兼食滞者。        此外,凡丸剂中有金石、贝壳类药物者,前人用本品糊丸以助消化,如磁朱丸。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,6~15g。消食宜炒焦用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《药性论》:“化水谷宿食,癥结积滞,健脾暖胃。”       
 
 2.《本草纲目》:“消食下气,除痰逆霍乱泄痢胀满诸气。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:神曲为酵母制剂,含酵母菌、淀粉酶、维生素B复合体、麦角甾醇、蛋白质及脂肪、挥发油等。       
 
 2.药理作用:神曲因含有多量酵母菌和复合维生素B,故有增进食欲,维持正常消化机能等作用。       
 
3.临床研究:据报道,用神曲或经适当配伍还可治疗其他多种疾病,如:将神曲制成50%煎液口服,治小儿单纯性消化不良129例,止泻效果明显,疗效优于西药对照组(中华儿科杂志,1960,3∶231);用由多味中药组成的漳州神曲,成人每次15g,煎服(儿童酌减),日2次,治疗泄泻78例,有效率100%(中成药,1992,2∶23)。       
 
【其他】测定7种中药及其复方的黄曲霉毒素,证明神曲及其制剂越鞠丸、保合丸、肥儿片中均有不同程度的黄曲霉毒素存在(中医药学刊,2001,5∶527)。神曲水煎时易于粘锅,难以过滤,且影响复方中其他药物有效成分的煎出,因而认为神曲不宜入煎剂用(中药材,1995,12∶617)。       
 
 附药 建神曲        神曲另有一个品种称建神曲,该品始载于《药性考》,又名泉州神曲、范志曲,简称建曲。为面粉、麸 皮和紫苏、荆芥、防风、厚朴、白术、木香、枳实、青皮等四十多种药品,经混合发酵而成。主产于福建泉州。性味苦温,功能消食化滞,理气化湿,发散风寒,兼能健脾。常用于食滞不化或兼感风寒者。用量6~15g。       

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