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Suanzaoren (Spine Date Seed)---酸枣仁(powder100g/bottle)

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Product Description

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 It is the dried ripe seed of Ziziphus jujuba Mill. var. spinosa (Bunge)Hu ex H. F. Chou, family rhamnaceae. The seeds are collected from the ripe fruits in late autumn and early winter. After the shell and flesh are removed, they are dried. The raw or stir-fried are used after being pounded to pieces.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Sweet, sour and neutral; relate to liver, gall bladder and heart meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Nourish heart and benefit liver; clam mind; arrest sweating.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Restlessness      For blood deficiency of heart and liver resulting in palpitation and insomnia, it is combined with Danggui, Baishao and Heshouwu; for liver deficiency with heat causing vexation and insomnia, usually with Zhimu and Fuling, such as Suanzaoren Decoction; for Deficiency of heart and kidney and yin deficiency leading to hyperactive yang causing vexation, insomnia, palpitation, amnesia and red tongue with little coating, with Shengdihuang, Xuanshen, Baiziren, such as Tianwang Buxin Pills.

2. Weak constitution manifested as spontaneous sweating and night sweating      To treat spontaneous sweating and night sweating caused by weak constitution, it is usually combined with Dangshen, Wuweizi and Shanzhuyu.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 9-15g. It is ground into powder for oral administration with 1.5-3g for each time.

酸枣仁为鼠李科植物酸枣Ziziphus jujuba Mill. var. spinosa (Bunge)Hu ex H. F. Chou的干燥成熟种子。主产于河北、陕西、辽宁、河南、山西、山东、甘肃等地。秋末冬初采收成熟果实,除去果肉及核壳,收集种子,晒干。生用或炒用,用时捣碎。

       【药性】甘、酸,平。归心、肝、胆经。        【功效】养心益肝,安神,敛汗。       
 
【应用】        1.心悸失眠。本品味甘,入心、肝经,能养心阴,益肝血而有安神之效,为养心安神要药。主治心肝阴血亏虚,心失所养,神不守舍之心悸、怔忡、健忘、失眠、多梦、眩晕等症,常与当归、白芍、何首乌、龙眼肉等补血、补阴药配伍;若治肝虚有热之虚烦不眠,常与知母、茯苓、川芎等同用,如酸枣仁汤(《金匮要略》);若心脾气血亏虚,惊悸不安,体倦失眠者,可以本品与黄芪、当归、党参等补养气血药配伍应用,如归脾汤(《校注妇人大全良方》);若心肾不足,阴亏血少,心悸失眠,健忘梦遗者,又当与麦冬、生地、远志等合用,如天王补心丹(《摄生秘剖》)。       
 
2.自汗,盗汗。本品味酸能敛而有收敛止汗之功效,常用治体虚自汗、盗汗,每与五味子、山茱萸、黄芪等益气固表止汗药同用。       
 
 此外,本品味酸,酸能收敛,故有敛阴生津止渴之功,还可用治伤津口渴咽干者,可与生地、麦冬、天花粉等养阴生津药同用。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,9~15g。研未吞服,每次1.5~2g。本品炒后质脆易碎,便于煎出有效成分,可增强疗效。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主心腹寒热,邪结气聚,四肢酸痛湿痹,久服安五脏,轻身延年。”        2.《别录》:“主心烦不得眠,……虚汗,烦渴,补中,益肝气,坚筋骨,助阴气。”        3.《本草纲目》:“其仁甘而润,故熟用疗胆虚不得眠,烦渴虚汗之证;生用疗胆热好眠,皆足厥阴、少阳药也。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含皂苷,其组成为酸枣仁皂苷A及B。并含三萜类化合物及黄酮类化合物。此外,含大量脂肪油和多种氨基酸、维生素C、多糖及植物甾醇等。       
 
 2.药理作用:酸枣仁皂苷、黄酮苷、水及醇提取物分别具有镇静催眠及抗心律失常作用,并能协同巴比妥类药物的中枢抑制作用;其水煎液及醇提取液还有抗惊厥、镇痛、降体温、降压作用;此外,酸枣仁还有降血脂、抗缺氧、抗肿瘤、抑制血小板聚集,增强免疫功能及兴奋子宫作用。       
 
3.临床研究:据报道,用酸枣仁30g,生甘草10g,煎水一杯,夜间10点钟顿服,治疗多种子时发病,多属虚证的疾病105例,均获良效(山东中医杂志,1988,1:17);用酸枣仁30g,细茶60g,共研末,以人参须6g煎汤送服,每日二次,治疗不射精症4例,均获愈(浙江中医杂志,1987,5:204)。另有用酸枣仁等治疗脏躁、更年期综合征、皮肤瘙痒症、胃肠疾病引起的疼痛等。       
 4.不良反应;煎服酸枣仁偶可发生过敏反应。可出现大片荨麻疹,全身皮肤瘙痒。也有表现为恶寒发热、关节疼痛等症者。       

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