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Xiangfu ( Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome)---香附(powder100g/bottle)

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Product Description

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 It is the rhizome of Cyperus rotundus L., family Cyperaceae. The rhizomes are dug and collected in autumn. After the fibrous roots are burned away, they are pulverized or sliced and thendried in the sunshine. The raw or stir-baked with vinegar can be used.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Pungent , slightly bitter, slightly sweet and neutral; relate to the liver, spleen and triple energizer meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Soothe liver to regulate qi; regulate menstruation to relieve pain.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Liver depression with Qi stagnation resulting  in pain syndromes     For distending pain in the hypochondrium, it is usually combined with Chaihu, Zhiqiao and Baishao, such as Chaihu Shugan Powder; for mass and distending pain in breast, with Chaihu, Gualou and Juye; for hernia of cold type with abdominal pain, with Xiaohuixiang and Wuyao.

2. Epigastric pain      Forepigastric distending pain due to congealing cold and qi stagnation, it is  used with Gaoliangjiang in Liangfu Pills.

3. Irregular menstruation, dysmenorrhea      It is the essential medicinal for regulating menstruation. It treats irregular menstruation, dysmenorrhea due to liver qi stagnation, in combination with Danggui, Chaihu and Chuanxiong.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 6-9g. The stir-baked with vinegar are good at soothing liver, relievingdepression and regulating menstruation. The stir-baked with liquor are used for warming meridians to disperse cold and relieve pain.

[ Medicinal Comparison ]: Similarties: Muxiang,Wuyao and Xiangfu can all promote qi flow to relieve pain and so treat qi stagnation with pain.

Differences: Muxiang can promote qi flow of spleen, stomach and large intestine and also soothe stagnant qi of liver and gallbladder, so it is effective for qi stagnation due to different factors and dysentery with abdominal pain. Wuyao  has strong powder to disperse cold and can also warm kidney , so it is very effective for comgealing cold and qi stagnation causing pain in chest and abdomen and frequent urination and enuresis due to insufficiency of kidney-yang. Xiangfu is mild to promote qi flow, but very effective for soothing liver to disperse depression and regulating menstruation to relieve pain, so it is  usually used for liver depression and qi stagnation and also menstrual disorders.

 香附为莎草科植物莎草 Cyperus rotundus L.的干燥根茎。全国大部分地区均产,主产于广东、河南、四川、浙江、山东等地。秋季采挖,燎去毛须,置沸水中略煮或蒸透后晒干,或燎后直接晒干。生用,或醋炙用。用时碾碎。

【药性】辛、微苦、微甘、平。归肝、脾、三焦经。        【功效】疏肝解郁,调经止痛,理气调中。       
 
【应用】        1.肝郁气滞胁痛、腹痛。本品主入肝经气分,芳香辛行,善散肝气之郁结,味苦疏泄以平肝气之横逆,故为疏肝解郁,行气止痛之要药。治肝气郁结之胁肋胀痛,多与柴胡、川芎、枳壳等同用,如柴胡疏肝散(《景岳全书》);用治寒凝气滞、肝气犯胃之胃脘疼痛,可配高良姜用,如良附丸(《良方集腋》);若治寒疝腹痛,多与小茴香、乌药、吴茱萸等同用;治气、血、痰、火、湿、食六郁所致胸膈痞满、脘腹胀痛、呕吐吞酸、饮食不化等,可配川芎、苍术、栀子等同用,如越鞠丸(《丹溪心法》)。       
 
2.月经不调,痛经,乳房胀痛。本品辛行苦泄,善于疏理肝气,调经止痛,为妇科调经之要药。治月经不调、痛经,可单用,或与柴胡、川芎、当归等同用,如香附归芎汤(《沈氏尊生书》);若治乳房胀痛,多与柴胡、青皮、瓜蒌皮等同用。       
 
3.脾胃气滞腹痛。本品味辛能行而长于止痛,除善疏肝解郁之外,还能入脾经,而有宽中、消食下气等作用,故临床上也常用于脾胃气滞证。治疗脘腹胀痛、胸膈噎塞、噫气吞酸、纳呆,可配砂仁、甘草同用,如快气汤《和剂局方》,或上方再加乌药、苏叶同用,如缩砂香附汤(《世医得效方》)。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,6~9g。醋炙止痛力增强。       
 
【鉴别用药】木香与香附均有理气止痛之功,并能宽中消食,均用于治疗脾胃气滞、脘腹胀痛、食少诸症,二者可配伍应用。但木香药性偏燥,主入脾胃,善治脾胃气滞之食积不化,脘腹胀痛,泄痢里急后重,兼可用于治疗胁痛、黄疸、疝气疼痛以及胸痹心痛,为理气止痛之要药;香附性质平和,主入肝经,以疏肝解郁、调经止痛见长,主治肝气郁结之胁肋胀痛、乳房胀痛、月经不调、癥瘕疼痛等症,为妇科调经之要药。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《本草纲目》:“利三焦,解六郁,消饮食积聚、痰饮痞满,胕肿腹胀,脚气,止心腹、肢体、头目、齿耳诸痛,……妇人崩漏带下,月候不调,胎前产后百病。”“乃气病之总司,女科之主帅也。”       
 
2.《本草求真》:“香附,专属开郁散气,与木香行气,貌同实异,木香气味苦劣,故通气甚捷,此则苦而不甚,故解郁居多,且性和于木香,故可加减出入,以为行气通剂,否则宜此而不宜彼耳。”      
 
  3.《本草正义》:“香附,辛味甚烈,香气颇浓,皆以气用事,故专治气结为病。”       
 
 【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含挥发油。油中主要成分为β-蒎烯、香附子烯、α-香附酮、β-香附酮、广藿香酮、α-莎香醇、β-莎草醇、柠檬烯等。此外尚含生物碱、黄酮类及三萜类等。      
  2.药理作用:5%香附浸膏对实验动物离体子宫均有抑制作用,能降低其收缩力和张力;其挥发油有轻度雌激素样作用;香附水煎剂可明显增加胆汁流量,并对肝细胞功能有保护作用;其水煎剂有降低肠管紧张性和拮抗乙酰胆碱的作用;其总生物碱、苷类、黄酮类及酚类化合物的水溶液有强心、减慢心律及降低血压的作用;香附油对金黄色葡萄球菌有抑制作用,其提取物对某些真菌有抑制作用。      
 
  3.临床研究:以香笑散(香附、失笑散、乌药、延胡索、细辛等各等分研末)调膏制成贴剂,分别贴神阙和关元穴,治疗痛经有良好止痛效果(江苏中医,1995,6:34);以疏肝助孕汤(柴胡、制香附、郁金、制元胡、王不留行等)治疗肝郁不孕症65例,结果痊愈45例(浙江中医学院学报,1989,5:22);以柴郁汤(柴胡、郁金、香附、穿山甲、浙贝等)治疗乳腺增生症(山东中医杂志,1996,10:450),以香附、菊花各15g、夏枯草30g、甘草6g,水煎服,治疗不明原因的眼高压症49例,服药4~6剂后痊愈46例,显效2例,有效1例(湖北中医杂志,1992,4:46)。
另有以生香附研末治疗冲服,治疗寒热虚实各种腰痛,用香附为主的复方治疗男性乳房发育症、胃及十二指肠溃疡等。       

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