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Xiaohuixiang ( Fennel)---茴香(powder100g/bottle)

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Product Description

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It is the dried matured fruit of Foeniculum vulgare Mill., family Umbelliferae. When the fruits begin to mature in autumn, the plants are cut off, the fruit are beaten down, and dried in the sunshine. After the impurities are removed, the raw form or stir-baked with salty water can be utilized for medicine.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Pungent in flavor, warm inn nature; relate to the liver, kidney, spleen and stomach meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Expel cold and relieve pain; regulate qi and harmonize stomach.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Colic of cold type with abdominal pain, sagging feeling and distending pain of testis, dysmenorrhea      In treatig colic of cold type with abdominal pain, it is usually used in combination with Rougui, Wuyao, Chuanlianzi, such as in the formula Tiantai Wuyao Powder; in treating for sagging feeling and distending pain of testis, it is usually used in combination with Juhe, Lizhihe; in treating for dysmenorrhea due to deficiency-cold in Thoroughfare and Conception vessels, it is often used in combination with Danggui, Rougui, Chuanxiong.

2. Distending pain in epigastric and abdomen, loss appetitie, vomiting, diarrhea       In treating for cold pain in epigastric and abdomen due to congealing cold and qi stagnation, it is usually used in combination with Ganjiang, Wuzhuyu; in treating for vomiting and loss appetite due to cold stomach, it is often used together with Ganjiang , Muxiang.

In addition, this medicinal can be used to treat for abdominal pain due to congealing cold, by ironing-cauterizing therapy on the abdominal area, after being stir-baked to hot and wrapped with cloth, which has good analgesic effect.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 3-6g is used for oral use, and appropriate aount for external use.

[ Annotation ]: Bajiaohuixiang    Its source is from the fried natured fruit of lllicium verum Hook, little arbor, family agnoliaceae. It is also named Da-huixiang. Its property, function, usage and dosage are similar to xiaohuixiang, only the effect is weak.

茴香为伞形科植物茴香Foeniculum vulgare Mill.的干燥成熟果实。全国各地均有栽培。秋季果实初熟时采割植株,晒干,打下果实,除去杂质。生用或盐水炙用。

【药性】辛,温。归肝、肾、脾、胃经。        【功效】散寒止痛,理气和胃。       
 
【应用】        1.寒疝腹痛,睾丸偏坠胀痛,少腹冷痛,痛经。本品辛温,能温肾暖肝,散寒止痛。常与乌药、青皮、高良姜等配伍,用治寒疝腹痛,如天台乌药散(《医学发明》);亦可用本品炒热,布裹温熨腹部。与橘核、山楂等同用,可治肝气郁滞,睾丸偏坠胀痛,如香橘散(《张氏医通》);治肝经受寒之少腹冷痛,或冲任虚寒之痛经,可与当归、川芎、肉桂等同用。       
 
 2.中焦虚寒气滞证。本品辛温能温中散寒止痛,并善理脾胃之气而开胃、止呕。治胃寒气滞之脘腹胀痛,可与高良姜、香附、乌药等同用;治脾胃虚寒的脘腹胀痛、呕吐食少,可与白术、陈皮、生姜等同用。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3~6g。外用适量。        【使用注意】阴虚火旺者慎用。       
 
 【古籍摘要】        1.《新修本草》:“主诸痿,霍乱及蛇伤。”       
 
 2.《本草汇言》:“香,温中快气之药也。方龙潭曰,此药辛香发散,甘平和胃,故《唐本草》善主一切诸气,如心腹冷气、暴疼心气、呕逆胃气、腰肾虚气、寒湿脚气、小腹弦气、膀胱水气、阴疝气、阴汗湿气、阴子冷气、阴肿水气、阴胀滞气。其温中散寒,立行诸气,及小腹少腹至阴之分之要品也。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含挥发油约3%~6%,主要成分为反式茴香脑、柠檬烯、葑酮、爱草脑、γ-松油烯、α-蒎烯、月桂烯等,少量的香桧烯、茴香脑、茴香醛等。另含脂肪油约18%,其脂肪酸中主要为岩芹酸,还有油酸、亚油酸、棕榈酸、花生酸、山萮酸等。       
 
 2.药理作用:本品对家兔在体肠蠕动有促进作用;十二指肠或口服给药对大鼠胃液分泌及Shay溃疡和应激性溃疡胃液分泌均有抑制作用;能促进胆汁分泌,并使胆汁固体成分增加;其挥发油对豚鼠气管平滑肌有松驰作用,并能促进肝组织再生;另有镇痛及已烯雌酚样作用等。      
 
  3.临床研究:小茴香4~6g,丹参6~12g,木香4~6g,砂仁4~6g,白芍6~12g,台乌药4~6g,党参4~6g,水煎服,每日1剂,治疗小儿脐周腹痛145例,服药3剂后腹痛消失者112例,6剂后腹痛消失33例,全部治愈(中医杂志,1991,11:39)。另有用小茴香治疗十二指肠溃疡、嵌闭性小肠疝、鞘膜积液、阴囊象皮肿等。     
 
   附药 八角茴香        为木兰科植物八角茴香Illicium verum Hook.F.的成熟果实。又名大茴香、八角。主产于亚热带地区。生用或盐水炒用。性味、功效与小茴香相似,但功力较弱,主要用作食物调味品。用法用量与小茴香同。       

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