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Xinyi (Herba Asari/ bud of biondii )---辛夷(powder100g/bottle)

Price:
$39.96
Weight:
0.30 LBS
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Calculated at checkout


Product Description

xinyi-yuantai-l.jpg010.png

 Xinyi is the dried bud of Magnolia biondii Pamp., Magnolia denudata Desr. or Magnolia sprengeri Pamp., pertaining to Magnoliaceae. It is collected at the end of winter and early spring when the flower begins to blossom. After the twig and stem are removed, it is dried in the shade.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Pungent and warm; relate to lung and stomach meridians

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Dispel cold, release superficies; open nose.

[ Usage and Dosage]: 3-9g. For it has floss which is stimulant to throat, it is wrap decocted with gauze in the decoction.

[ Precautions ]: Avoid with yin deficiency and effulgent fire.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1.wind-cold of exterior type    Xinyi treats external contraction of wind-cold, which manifests as aversion to cold, fever, headache and nasal congestion, in combination with Fangfeng , Baizhi and Xixin.

2. Sinusitis    It is the most essential medicinal to treat sinusitis, manifesting as headache, nasal congestion and nasal discharge. For that with wind-cold, it is in combination with Baizhi, Xixin and Cangerzi, such as in Cangerzi Powder, and for that with wind-heat, in combination with Bohe, Lianqiao and Huangqin.

辛夷一为木兰科植物望春花Magnolia biondii pamp.、玉兰Magnolia denudata Desr.或武当玉兰Magnolia sprengeri Pamp.的干燥花蕾。主产于河南、安徽、湖北、四川、陕西等省。玉兰多为庭园栽培。冬末春初花未开放时采收,除去枝梗,阴干入药用。

【药性】辛,温。归肺、胃经。      
 
【功效】发散风寒,通鼻窍。       
 
【应用】        1.风寒感冒。本品辛散温通,能发散风寒,宣通鼻窍。用治外感风寒,肺窍郁闭,恶寒发热,头痛鼻塞者,可配伍防风、白芷、细辛等发散风寒药。若风热感冒而鼻塞头痛者,亦可于薄荷、金银花、菊花等疏散风热药中,酌加本品,以增强通鼻窍、散风邪之力。       
 
2.鼻渊。本品辛温发散,芳香通窍,其性上达,外能祛除风寒邪气,内能升达肺胃清气,善通鼻窍,为治鼻渊头痛、鼻塞流涕之要药。偏风寒者,常与白芷、细辛、苍耳子等散风寒、通鼻窍药同用,如苍耳子散(《济生方》);偏风热者,多与薄荷、连翘、黄芩等疏风热、清肺热药同用。若肺胃郁热发为鼻疮者,可与黄连、连翘、野菊花等清热泻火解毒药配伍。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3~9g;本品有毛,易刺激咽喉,入汤剂宜用纱布包煎。       
 
【使用注意】鼻病因于阴虚火旺者忌服。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主五脏身体寒热风,头脑痛。”       
2.《名医别录》:“温中解肌,利九窍,通鼻窍、涕出,治面肿引齿痛,眩冒、身几几如在车船之上者。生须发,去白虫。”       
3.《本草纲目》:“鼻渊,鼻鼽,鼻窒,鼻疮及痘后鼻疮。”“辛夷之辛温,走气而入肺,能助胃中清阳上行通于天,所以能温中、治头面目鼻之病。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:望春花花蕾含挥发油,油中含有望春花素、α-菠烯、桉叶素等,并含生物碱、木脂素;玉兰花蕾含挥发油,油中含柠檬醛、丁香油酚、桉叶素生物碱等。武当玉兰花蕾含挥发油、柳叶木兰碱、武当玉兰碱等成分。      
  2.药理作用:辛夷有收缩鼻粘膜血管的作用,能保护鼻粘膜,并促进粘膜分泌物的吸收,减轻炎症,乃至鼻腔通畅。辛夷浸剂或煎剂对动物有局部麻醉作用。辛夷水或醇提取物有降压作用。水煎剂对横纹肌有乙酰胆碱样作用,并能兴奋子宫平滑肌,亢奋肠运动。对多种致病菌有抑制作用。挥发油有镇静、镇痛、抗过敏、降血压作用。       
 3.临床研究:将辛夷制成30%的酊剂,1日3次,1次10~20ml,治疗各型慢性支气管炎有一定疗效(河北新医药,1974,(5):12)。以辛夷、荆芥、金银花、川芎、防风、茶叶为基本方,治疗雷头风。血虚者加黄芪、当归,血热者重用金银花、加连翘,气滞血瘀者加赤芍、没药,湿热并重者加黄芩、栀子、泽泻。水煎,早晚各服1次(北京中医,1996,(1):32)。

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