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Xuanfuhua (Inula Flower)---旋覆花(powder100g/bottle)

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Product Description

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It is the dried capitulum of Inula japonica Thunb. or Inula britannica L.,family Compositae. They are collected in summer and autumn when the buds are open. They are dried in shade or in the sunshine after the impurities are removed. The raw or those stir-baked with honey are used as medicine.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Bitter, pungent,salty and slightly warm; relate to liver, spleen , stomach and large intestine meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Direct qi downward and resolve phlegm; suppress adverse rise of qi and relieve vomiting.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Phlegm-fluid congestion in lung causing cough and dyspnea with profuse sputum, phlegm-fluid retention causing oppression in chest and hypochondrium    For cough and dyspnea due to cold-phlegm accompanied by exterior syndrome, it is usually combined with Shengjiang, Banxia and Xixin in Jinfeicao Powder. For excess syndrome of phlegm-heat manifested as cough and dyspnea, it is used with Jiegeng, Sangbaipi and Dahuang in Xuanfuhua Decoction. For stubborn phlegm accumulation resulting in stufffiness and oppression in chest and hypochondrium, it is combined with Haifushi and Haigeqiao.

2. Belching, vomiting      For qi deficiency of stomach and spleen and adverse ascent of phlegm-damp causing vomiting, belching and epigastric stuffiness and oppression, it is combined with Daizheshi, Banxia and Shengjiang in Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 3-9g. It is wrapped to be decocted.

[ Annotation ]: Jinfeicao     It has the same source with Xuanfuhua, but only the part of the plant above the earth is used, so also named as Xuanfugeng. It has similar medicinal properties and functions and it is very effective for dispersing. It mainly treats external contractionn manifested as cough with profuse sputum . 5-10g is decocted for oral administration. The fresh leaves can  be pounded into juice and applied externally to cure sores and swelling.

旋覆花为菊科植物旋覆花Inula japonica Thunb.或欧亚旋覆花I. britannica L.的头状花序。主产于河南、河北、江苏、浙江、安徽等地。夏、秋二季花开时采收,除去杂质,阴干或晒干。生用或蜜炙用。

       【药性】苦、辛、咸,微温。归肺、胃经。        【功效】降气行水化痰,降逆止呕。       
 
 【应用】        1.咳喘痰多,痰饮蓄结,胸膈痞满。本品苦降辛开,降气化痰而平喘咳,消痰行水而除痞满。治寒痰咳喘,常配苏子、半夏;若属痰热者,则须配桑白皮、瓜蒌以清热化痰;若顽痰胶结,胸中满闷者,则配海浮石、海蛤壳等以化痰软坚。       
 
2.噫气,呕吐。本品又善降胃气而止呕噫。治痰浊中阻,胃气上逆而噫气呕吐,胃脘痞鞕者,配代赭石、半夏、生姜等,如旋覆代赭汤(《伤寒论》)。       
 
 此外,本品配香附等,还可治气血不和之胸胁痛,如香附旋覆花汤(《温病条辨》)。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3~10g;布包。        【使用注意】阴虚劳嗽,津伤燥咳者忌用;又因本品有绒毛,易刺激咽喉作痒而致呛咳呕吐,故须布包入煎。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主结气胁下满,惊悸。除水,去五脏间寒热,补中,下气。        2.《药性论》:“主肋胁气,下寒热水肿,主治膀胱宿水,去逐大腹,开胃,止呕逆不下食。”        3.《本草汇言》:“旋覆花,消痰逐水,利气下行之药也。主心肺结气,胁下虚满,胸中结痰,呕吐,痞坚噫气,或心脾伏饮,膀胱留饮,宿水等证。大抵此剂微成以软坚散痞,性利下气行痰水,实消伐之药也。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:均含大花旋覆花内酯、单乙酰基大花旋覆花内酯、二乙酰基大花旋覆花内酯等。旋覆花另含旋覆花佛术内酯、杜鹃黄素、胡萝卜苷、肉豆蔻酸等。欧亚旋覆花另含天人菊内酯、异槲皮苷、咖啡酸、绿原酸等。       
 
2.药理作用:旋覆花有明显的镇咳、祛痰作用,旋覆花黄酮类对组胺引起的豚鼠支气管痉挛性哮喘有明显的保护作用,对离体支气管痉挛亦有对抗作用,并有较弱的利尿作用。煎剂对金黄色葡萄球菌、炭疽杆菌和福氏痢疾杆菌Ⅱa株有明显的抑制作用,欧亚旋覆花内酯对阴道滴虫和溶组织内阿米巴均有强大的杀原虫作用。此外,旋覆花对免疫性肝损伤有保护作用,天人菊内酯有抗癌作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:用显脉旋覆花糊剂治疗50例早期牙髓炎患者,有效率58%。16~25岁间有效率71.4%(昆明医学院学报,1992,4:43);此外应用旋覆花治疗手术后顽固性呃逆疗效满意(中华外科杂志,1956,12:952)。       
 
附药 金沸草Jinfeicao        为旋覆花的地上部分。性味功效与旋覆花相似,性善疏散。主要用于外感咳嗽痰多之证。煎服,5~10g。       

 


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