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Yejuhua ( Wild Chrysanthemum Flower )---野菊花(powder100g/bottle)

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Yejuhua is the dried capitulum of Chysanthemum indicum L., pertaining to Compositae. It is collected in fall and winter when it begins to blossom. It is sun dried. The raw form is used.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Bitter, pungent and slightly cold; relate to liver and heart meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies]: Clear heat and relieve toxicity

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 10-15g. Also it is used externally.
 
[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Abscess, carbuncle, boil, sore, swollen and sore throat      Yejuhua treats accuulation of heat toxin,manifesting as abscess, carbuncle, boil and sore. It is in combination with Pugongying and Jinyinhua; for example in Wuwei Xiaodu Decoction.
 
2. Reddish and swollen eyes with pain, dizziness and dizzy vision    It treats reddish and swollen eyes due to wind-fire attacking upwards, in combination with Jinyinhua and Xiakucao. Also it treats dizziness and dizzy vision due to up-stirring of liver fire, usually in combination with Juemingzi.

野菊花为菊科植物野菊Chrysanthemum indicum L.的干燥头状花序。全国各地均有分布,主产于江苏、四川、安徽、广东、山东等地。秋、冬二季花初开时采摘,晒干,生用。
      
【药性】苦、辛,微寒。归肝、心经。       
 
【功效】清热解毒。       
 
【应用】        1.痈疽疔疖,咽喉肿痛。本品辛散苦降,其清热泻火,解毒利咽,消肿止痛力胜,为治外科疔痈之良药。用治热毒蕴结,疔疖丹毒,痈疽疮疡,咽喉肿痛,均可与蒲公英、紫花地丁、金银花等同用,如五味消毒饮(《医宗金鉴》)。       
 
2.目赤肿痛,头痛眩晕。本品味苦入肝,清泻肝火;味辛性寒,兼散风热,常与金银花、密蒙花、夏枯草等同用,治疗风火上攻之目赤肿痛;若与决明子同用,可用治肝火上炎之头痛眩晕。        此外,本品内服并煎汤外洗也用治湿疹、湿疮、风疹痒痛等。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,10~15g。外用适量。       
 
【鉴别用药】野菊花与菊花为同科植物,均有清热解毒之功,但野菊花苦寒之性尤胜,长于解毒消痈,疮痈疔毒肿痛多用之;而菊花辛散之力较强,长于清热疏风,上焦头目风热多用之。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《本草纲目》:“治痈肿疔毒,瘰疬眼瘜。”       
2.《本草汇言》:“破血疏肝,解疔散毒。主妇人腹内宿血,解天行火毒丹疔。洗疮疥,又能去风杀虫。”        3.《本草求真》:“凡痈毒疔肿,瘰疬,眼目热痛,妇人瘀血等证,无不得此则治。”       
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含刺槐素-7-鼠李糖葡萄糖苷、野菊花内脂、苦味素、挥发油、维生素A及维生素B1等。       
2.药理作用:有抗病原微生物作用,对金黄色葡萄球菌、白喉杆菌、痢疾杆菌、流感病毒、疱疹病毒以及钩端螺旋体均有抑制作用。研究表明野菊花有显著的抗炎作用,但其所含抗炎成分及机理不同,其挥发油对化学性致炎因子引起的炎症作用强,而其水提物则对异性蛋白致炎因子引起的炎症作用较好。此外尚有明显的降血压作用。       
 3.临床研究:据报道,用野菊花水溶液经直肠离子透入,并辅以甘草锌口服,治疗慢性前列腺炎68例,均获良效(云南中医中药杂志1996,3:29);另用野菊花、白花蛇舌草、柳叶等份水煎浓缩为片剂,治疗肺结核221例,总有效率为75.5%(中药临床新用2001:562)。此外,野菊花尚可用于高血压病、丹毒以及多种细菌感染性疾病。       
4.不良反应:少数患者口服野菊花煎剂或醇浸膏可致胃部不适、胃纳欠佳、肠鸣、便溏等消化道反应。注射液肌注亦有偶尔引起轻泻者。

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