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Yin chen ( Virgate Wormwood herb )---茵陈

1.00 LBS
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Product Description


It is the dried part above the ground of Artemisia scoparia Waldst. et Kit. or Artemisia capillaris Thunb. family Chrysanthemum. It is collected in the spring, when the tender seedling is at the approximate height of 6-10cm, as well, it can be collected in the autumn when the flower bud is ripe. It is called Mian-Yinchen, when collected in the spring-time. It is called Yinchenhao, when collected in the autumn. After the impurities and old stalk are removed, it is dried in the sunshine, and the raw form is used as a medicine.

[ Medicinal Properties]: Bitter, pungent and slightly cold; relate to spleen, stomach, liver ad gallbladder meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Clear away heat; eliminate dampness; drain the gallbladder to relieve jaundice.

[ Usage and Dosage]: 6-15g. It is utilized orally. The appropriate aount is used externally, by means of a decoction, by steaming and washing.

[ Clinical Applications]: 1.Jaundice. It is main medicinal for treating jaundice. It is especially used i the treatment of damp-heat accumulation of the liver and gallbladder. For damp-heat jaundice, it can be used as principle medicinal, in a decoction of large dosage by itself. Also, it can be combined together with Dahuang and Zhizi, such as, in the Yinchenhao Decoction. In the treatment of yin-jaundice of cold-damp type, it must be combined with Fuzi and Ganjiang, such as , in the Yinchen Sini Ddecoction. For dominance of dampness type with heat manifesting as dysuria, it is often cobination with Baizhu, Fuling and Zexie, such as , in the Yinchen Wuling Powder.

2. Eczema, damp sore, pruritus. For eczema, damp sores, and pruritus, it is combined with Huangbo, Shechuangzi, and Kushen. It is decocted and consumed orally, or used as an external wash.

茵陈为菊科植物滨蒿 Artemisia scoparia Waldst. et Kit.或茵陈蒿 A. capillaries Thunb.的干燥地上部分。我国大部分地区有分布,主产于陕西、山西、安徽等地。春季幼苗高6~10㎝时采收或秋季花蕾长成时采割。春季采收的习称“绵茵陈”,秋季采割的称“茵陈蒿”。除去杂质及老茎,晒干。生用。
【药性】苦、辛,微寒。归脾、胃、肝、胆经。        【功效】利湿退黄,解毒疗疮。       
【应用】        1.黄疸。本品苦泄下降,性寒清热,善清利脾胃肝胆湿热,使之从小便而出,为治黄疸之要药。若身目发黄,小便短赤之阳黄证,常与栀子、黄柏、大黄同用,如茵陈蒿汤(《伤寒论》);若黄疸湿重于热者,可与茯苓、猪苓同用,如茵陈五苓散(《金匮要略》);若脾胃寒湿郁滞,阳气不得宣运之阴黄,多与附子、干姜等配用,如茵陈四逆汤(《卫生宝鉴·补遗》)。       
【用法用量】煎服,6~15g。外用适量。煎汤熏洗。        【使用注意】蓄血发黄者及血虚萎黄者慎用。       
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主风湿寒热邪气,热结黄疸。”        2.《名医别录》:“通身发黄,小便不利,除头痛,去伏瘕。”        3.《医学入门》:“消遍身疮疥。”       
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:茵陈含挥发油,油中有β-蒎烯、茵陈二炔烃,茵陈炔酮等多种成分。全草还含香豆素、黄酮、有机酸、呋喃类等成分。       
  3.临床研究:据报道, 茵陈,煎汤内服或漱口,治疗口腔溃疡。疗效显著(中医杂志,1985,5:48)。用茵陈,煎汤代茶饮,治疗高脂血症,有良效(中医杂志,1980,1:39)。       

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