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Yiyiren ( Coix Seed )---薏苡仁(powder100g/bottle)

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Product Description

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It is the dried seed of Coix lacryma-jobi L. var. ma-yuen ( Roman ) Stapf, family Gramineae. It is collected when the fruit is ripe. The plant is cut, dried in the sunshine, and then the filemot seed capsule is peeled off. The raw or the stir-baked form is utilized as a medicine.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Sweet, bland in and cool; relate to the spleen, stomach and lung meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Promote diuresis to drain dampness; invigorate the spleen to relieve diarrhea; treat Bi- syndrome; clear away heat to drain the pus.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 9-30 g. It is taken orally. It should be taken in a large dosage for a long time period due to its mild efficacy. The stir-baked form is utilized for invigorating the spleen, while the raw form is utilized for other syndromes. In additoin, it is an excellent medicinal for dietotherapy, and it can be made into a custard, soup, or cooked as porridge with rice.
[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Edema, dysuria     Its medicinal property is neutral, so it can promote diuresis, drain dampness and tonify the spleen. It is especially useful to treat accumulation of dampness, due to spleen deficiency syndrome. Also it is oten combined together with Fuling, Zhuling and Zexie. In order to treat beriberi and edema, it is combined together with Mugua and Binglang. In case of heat-warm disease at a qi level, with dominant heat, it is usually together with Xingren, Baikouren and Huashi, such as in the San Ren Decoction, and Huo Pu Xia Ling Decoction.
 
2. Diarrhea, leukorrhyea due to deficiency of spleen     It is good at treating diarrhea, leucorrhe due to spleen deficiency and profuse dampness, usually together with Dangshen, Baizhu, Fuling, such as in formula Shen Ling Baizhu Powder.
 
3. Damp-Bi syndrome     Its property is cold in nature and it is suitable for Damp-heat Bi-syndrome. It is  usually often combined together with Fangji, Huashi and Zhizi, such as in the Xuan Bi Decoction. For Damp Bi--syndrome manifesting as rigidity of the tendons and meridians,  it is usually combined with Guizhi, Cangzhu and Danggui, such as in the Yiyiren Decoction.
 
4. Pulmonary and intestinal abscess     For pulmonarty abscess, with cough and thick phlegm, it is usually combined with Lugen, Dongguaren and Taoren, such as in the Weijing Decoctioin. In case of intestinal abscess with abdominal pain, it is combined with Fuzi and Baijiangcao, such as in the Yiyiren Baijiang Powder.
 
[ Medicinal Comparison ]: Similrities:  Fuling and Yiyiren have the same functions of promoting diuresis in order to drain dampness and invigorate the spleen. Also, they both are able to treat retention of water and dampness syndromes, as well as spleen qi deficiency.
 
Differneces: Fuling's property , it is neutral in nature, and it is the principle medicinal to promote diuresis, and to drain dampness, with its strong effect. It can treat any kind of edema. Also, it has a strong function of invigorating the spleen, calming the heart and sedating the mind. Thus, it can be utilized to treat different syndromes, due to spleen deficiency and syndromes of mental confusion. Yiyiren , it is cool in nature and has the function of clearing heat. Due to its moderate function, it is suitable for treating mild type of water-dampness retention syndrome or accompanied with heat. The stir-baked form is excellent to invigorate the spleen. It is often used to treat diarrhea, due to spleen deficiency with profuse dampness. Futhermore, It can treat Bi-syndrome, clear away heat, and drain pus. It is especially useful to treat Damp Bi-syndrome, as well as pulmonary and intestinal abscess.

薏苡仁为禾本科植物薏苡Coix lacryma-jobi L.var.ma-yuen (Roman.) Stapf的干燥成熟种仁。我国大部分地区均产,主产于福建、河北、辽宁等地。秋季果实成熟时采割植株,晒干,打下果实,再晒干,除去外壳、黄褐色种皮及杂质,收集种仁。生用或炒用。
      
【药性】甘、淡,凉。归脾、胃、肺经。        【功效】利水消肿,渗湿,健脾,除痹,清热排脓。       
 
【应用】        1.水肿,小便不利,脚气。本品淡渗甘补,既利水消肿,又健脾补中。常用于脾虚湿盛之水肿腹胀,小便不利,多与茯苓、白术、黄芪等药同用; 治水肿喘急,如(《独行方》)与郁李仁汁煮饭服食;治脚气浮肿可与防已、木瓜、苍术同用。       
 
 2.脾虚泄泻。本品能渗除脾湿,健脾止泻,尤宜治脾虚湿盛之泄泻,常与人参、茯苓、白术等合用,如参苓白术散(《和剂局方》)。       
 
3.湿痹拘挛。薏苡仁渗湿除痹,能舒筋脉,缓和拘挛。常用治湿痹而筋脉挛急疼痛者,与独活、防风、苍术同用,如薏苡仁汤(《类证治裁》);若治风湿久痹,筋脉挛急,用薏苡仁煮粥服,如薏苡仁粥(《食医心镜》);本品药性偏凉,能清热而利湿,配杏仁、白豆蔻、滑石,可治湿温初起或暑湿邪在气分,头痛恶寒,胸闷身重者,如三仁汤(《温病条辨》)。       
 
4.肺痈,肠痈。本品清肺肠之热,排脓消痈。治疗肺痈胸痛,咳吐脓痰,常与苇茎、冬瓜仁、桃仁等同用,如苇茎汤(《千金方》);治肠痈,可与附子、败酱草、丹皮合用,如薏苡附子败酱散(《金匮要略》)。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,9~30g。清利湿热宜生用,健脾止泻宜炒用。        【使用注意】津液不足者慎用。       
 
【鉴别用药】薏苡仁与茯苓:功能相近,均利水消肿,渗湿,健脾。然薏苡仁性凉而清热,排脓消痈,又擅除痹。而茯苓性平,且补益心脾,宁心安神。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《神农本草经》:“主筋急拘挛,不可屈伸,风湿痹,下气。”        2.《本草纲目》:“薏苡仁,阳明药也,能健脾益胃。虚则补其母,故肺痿、肺痈用之。筋骨之病,以治阳明为本,故拘挛筋急、风痹者用之。土能胜水除湿,故泄泻、水肿用之。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含脂肪油、薏苡仁酯、薏苡仁内酯,薏苡多糖A、B、C和氨基酸、维生素B1等。       
 
 2.药理作用:薏苡仁煎剂、醇及丙酮提取物对癌细胞有明显抑制作用。?薏        苡仁内酯对小肠有抑制作用。 其脂肪油能使血清钙、血糖量下降,并有解热、镇静、镇痛作用。       
 
3.临床研究:据报道,薏苡仁,水煎服,可治疗坐骨结节滑囊炎。(中医杂志 1987;1:66.)。 在化疗期间给予薏苡仁乳剂, 治疗食管癌,胃癌,结、直肠癌有良效(肿瘤杂志,2000,3:232)。 薏苡仁,大青叶,板蓝根,升麻,水煎服,治疗传染性软疣、扁平疣有良效(临床皮肤科杂志,1985,6:341)。       

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