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Yuejihua ( Chinese Rose Flower)---月季花

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Product Description

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It is the flower of Rosa chinensis Jacq.,family Rosebush Province is the main producer of Yuejihua which is of the best quality. It can be collected all year ruond, when flowers come into blossom. It is dried in shade, or at low temperature and then ready to be used as a medicine.

[ Medicinal Properties]: Sweet, bland, slightly bitter and neutral; relate to liver meridian.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Activate blood and regulate menstruation; soothe liver and dispel depression; dissipate swelling and remove toxin.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Stagnation of liver blood, irregular menstruation, dysmenorrheal,amenorrhea and distending pain in chest and flank        To treat stagnation of liver blood, causing irregular menstruation, dysmenorrheal, amenorrhea and disstending pain in the chest and the flank, it can be taken orally, consumed by itself in boiled water, or it can be combined together with Meiguihua, Danggui and Xiangfu.

2.Trauma, swollen pain due to stasis, carbuncle and swollen toxin and scrofula          To treat trauma with swollen pain, as well as , carbucle and swollen toxin, it can be used by itself, pounded to pieces for external application or gruond to powder and taken with water. In cases of swollen pain of non-ulcerated scrofula, it is combined together with Xiakucao and Muli.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 2-5g. Do not decoct for a long period of time. It can be steeped or ground into powder. The appropriate amount is utilized for external application.

[ Precautions ]: It is not suitable to be taken above the recommended dosage. It should be used with caution for pregnant women.

月季花为蔷薇科植物月季Rosa chinesis Jacq.的花。全国各地均产,多为栽培,主产于江苏、山东、山西、河北等地,以江苏产量大、品质佳。全年均可采收,花微开时采摘。阴干或低温干燥。

       【药性】甘、淡、微苦,平。归肝经。        【功效】活血调经,疏肝解郁,消肿解毒。       
 
【应用】        1.肝血郁滞之月经不调、痛经、闭经及胸胁胀痛。本品质轻升散,独入肝经,既能活血调经,又能疏肝解郁,理气止痛,常用于肝气郁结,气滞血瘀之月经不调、痛经、闭经、胸胁胀痛。可单用开水泡服,亦可与玫瑰花、当归、香附等同用。       
 
2.跌打损伤,瘀肿疼痛,痈疽肿毒,瘰疬。本品功能活血通经,消肿解毒。治跌打损伤,瘀肿疼痛,痈疽肿毒,可单用捣碎外敷或研末冲服;治瘰疬肿痛未溃,可与夏枯草、贝母、牡蛎等同用。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,2~5g,不宜久煎。亦可泡服,或研末服。外用适量。        【使用注意】用量不宜过大,多服久服可引起腹痛及便溏腹泻。孕妇慎用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《本草纲目》:“活血,消肿,敷毒。”        2.《泉州本草》:“通经活血化瘀,清肠胃湿热,泻肺火,止咳,止血止痛,消痈毒。治肺虚咳嗽咯血,痢疾,瘰疬溃烂,痈疽肿毒,妇女月经不调。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:主含挥发油,大部分为萜醇类化合物:香茅醇、橙花醇、丁香油酚等。此外还含有没食子酸、苦味酸、鞣质等。      
 
  2.药理作用:所含没食子酸有很强的抗真菌作用。        3.临床研究:用月季饮(月季花30~90g,公鸡1只,炖服),每月1剂,经前服用,治疗痛经、闭经以及不孕有一定的疗效(浙江中医学院学报,1978,(4):46)。      
 
  4.不良反应:过量服用月季花可引起剧烈腹痛,头冒冷汗。停药或减量则消失。

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