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Zhebeimu ( Thunberg Fritillary Bulb)---浙贝母(powder100g/bottle)

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Product Description

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It is the dried bulb of Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.,family Liliaceae. In the past, those produced in Xiangshan, Zhejiang province were superior in quality , so they were called Xiangbei, now they are mainly cultivated in Zhangshu, Yin county, Ningbo. The bulbs are dug and collected after the plants are withered in early summer. They are washed clean, brushed barks away, mixed with calcined powder made from shells to absorb sap, and then cut into thick slices or broken into fragments.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Bitter and cold relate to lung and heart meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Clear heat and resolve phlegm; remove stagnation and dissipate mass.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Cough caused by wind-heat, dryness-heat and phlegm-heat        For cuogh due to exogenous wind and heat, it is ususally combined with Sangye, Niubangzi and Qianhu; for cough due to phlegm-heat accumulation in lung, usually with Gualou and Zhimu.

2. Scrofula,goiter, carbuncle ,pulmonary abscess       For scrofula, it is combined with Xuanshen and Muli in XIaoluo PIlls; for goiter ,with Hiazao and Kunbu; for carbuncle, with Lianqiao and Pugongyig; for pulmonary abscess, with Yuxingcao and Lugen.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 4.5-9g.

[ Precautions ]: It is incompatible  with Wutou.

[ Medicinal Comparison ]: Similarities: Chuanbeimu and Zhebeimu can clear heat, resolve phlegm, remove stagnation and relieve swelling, they can treat cough due to phlegm-heat, scrofula and pulmonary abscess.

Differences: Chuanbeimu is sweet, cold and moist, can moisten lung and relieve cough, so it usually treats deficiency syndrome such as chronic cough due to lung deficiency and cough due to lung dryness. Zhebeimu is bitter, cold and purging and it has strong powder for clearing heat and removing stagnation. It usually treat excess syndrome such as cough due to wind-heat or phlegm-heat, phlegm-fire accumulation , scrofula and carbuncle.

浙贝母 为百合科植物浙贝母 Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.的鳞茎。原产于浙江象山,现主产于浙江鄞县。此外,江苏、安徽、湖南、江西等地亦产。初夏植株枯萎时采挖,洗净,擦去外皮,拌以煅过的贝壳粉,吸去浆汁,切厚片或打成碎块。

       【药性】苦,寒。归肺、心经。        【功效】清热化痰,散结消痈。       
 
【应用】        1.风热、痰热咳嗽。本品功似川贝母而偏苦泄,长于清化热痰,降泄肺气。多用于治风热咳嗽及痰热郁肺之咳嗽,前者常配桑叶、牛蒡子同用,后者多配瓜蒌、知母等。       
 
2.瘰疬,瘿瘤,乳痈疮毒,肺痈。本品苦泄清解热毒,化痰散结消痈,治痰火瘰疬结核,可配玄参、牡蛎等,如消瘰丸(《医学心悟》);治瘿瘤,配海藻、昆布;治疮毒乳痈,多配连翘、蒲公英等,内服外用均可;治肺痈咳吐脓血,常配鱼腥草,芦根、桃仁等。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,3~10g。        【使用注意】同川贝母。       
 
【鉴别用药】《本草纲目》以前历代本草,皆统称贝母。至明《本草汇言》始有本品以“川者为妙”之说,清《轩岐救正论》才正式有浙贝母之名。川、 浙二贝之功,基本相同,但前者以甘味为主,性偏于润,肺热燥咳,虚劳咳嗽用之为宜;后者以苦味为主,性偏于泄,风热犯肺或痰热郁肺之咳嗽用之为宜。至于清热散结之功,川、浙二贝共有,但以浙贝为胜。       
 
 【古籍摘要】        1.《本草正》:“大治肺痛、肺痿、咳喘、吐血、衄血,最降痰气,善开郁结,止疼痛,消胀满,清肝火,明耳目,除时气烦热,黄疸,淋闭,便血,溺血;解热毒,杀诸虫及疗喉痹,瘰疬,乳痈发背,一切痈疡肿毒……较之川贝母,清降之功,不啻数倍。”       
 
 2.《本草纲目拾遗》:“解毒利痰,开宣肺气,凡肺家夹风火有痰者宜此。”       
 
3.《本经逢原》:“同青黛治人面恶疮,同连翘治项上结核。皆取其开郁散结,化痰解毒之功也。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含浙贝母碱,去氢浙贝母碱,浙贝宁、浙贝酮,贝母醇,浙贝宁苷等。       
 
 2.药理作用:浙贝母碱在低浓度下对支气管平滑肌有明显扩张作用。浙贝母碱及去氢浙贝母碱有明显镇咳作用,还有中枢抑制作用,能镇静、镇痛。此外,大剂量可使血压中等程度降低,呼吸抑制,小量可使血压微升。       
 
 3.临床研究:本品分别与海螵蛸、珍珠粉配伍组成胃可宁Ⅰ号、Ⅱ号片,治消化性溃疡、慢性胃炎均取得了满意的效果(中成药,1991,6:25);以浙贝母、苦参、党参等份水煎服,治前列腺肥大排尿困难、急性尿潴留35例,症状缓解27例(辽宁中医杂志,1986,9:29);浙贝母配瓜蒌、桂枝,研细末服,治27例肋软骨炎,全部治愈(辽宁中医杂志,1992,9:39);本品与大黄、吴茱萸、胆南星配伍共为细末,醋调敷脚心,治疗腮腺炎100多例,大部分患者1~3日内痊愈(新中医,1984,8:30)。       

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