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Ziheche (Huamn Placenta)---紫河车

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Product Description

This medicinal is the dried placenta of healthy postpartum women. The fresh placenta is processed beginning with it being cut from the blood vessels, then it is washed repeatedly, steamed or boiled for given time period and dried. It is used in its fresh form or then ground into powder to be used as a medicine.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Sweet, salty, warm; relate to heart, lung and kidney meridians.

[Medicinal Efficacies ]: Tonify kidney and replenish essence; nourish blood and replenish qi.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Impotence, spermatorrhea, sterility, limpness of the knees and feet, dizziness and tinnitus      In this case, it is prescribed with Guiban, Duzhong and Niuxi, as in the Dazao Pills.

2. Deficiency syndrome of both qi and blood       To treat sallow, emaciation, lassitude, lack of strength, post partum agalactia, due to insufficiency of both  qi and blood, it is ground into a powder, alone, for oral administration. The fresh form can  e thoroughly cooked and used by itself or it can be combined with Renshen and Danggui.

3. Deficiency of lung and kidney, cough and dyspnea     In this case, it is combined with Renshen, Gejie and Dongchongxiacao.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 1.5-3g. It is ground into powder and processed into a capsule or bolus. When cooking fresh placenta, the whole or half of it is administered at one time.

[ Precautions ]: It should be used in combination, in cases of yin-deficiency with effulgent-fire.

[Annotation]: Qidai 脐带 This medicinal is the umbilical cord of the fetus. After being washed clean, it is cooked with Jinyinhua, Gancao and yellow wine, and then it is baked until dry. It is then ready to be consumed. It is sweet, salty and warm, and relates to the kidneymeridian. It is able to tonify the kidney, receive qi and astringe sweating and usually treats cough and night sweating due to kidney deficiency, Usage and Dosage :1-2piece for decoction; 1.5-3g for powder.

紫河车为健康产妇的胎盘。将取得的新鲜胎盘,割开血管,用清水反复洗净,蒸或置沸水中略煮后,烘干,研粉用。亦可鲜用。

       【药性】甘、咸,温。归肺、肝、肾经。        【功效】补肾益精,养血益气。       
 
【应用】        1.阳痿遗精、腰酸头晕耳鸣。本品补肾阳,益精血,可用于肾阳不足,精血衰少诸证,单用有效,亦可与补益药同用。若与龟板、杜仲、牛膝等同用,可用治肾阳虚哀,精血不足之足膝无力、目昏耳鸣、男子遗精、女子不孕等,如大造丸(《诸证辨疑》)。      
 
  2.气血不足诸证。如产后乳汁缺少、面色萎黄消瘦、体倦乏力等,本品尚补益气血,可单用本品研粉服。或用鲜品煮烂食之,或随证与人参、黄芪、当归、熟地等同用。      
 
  3.肺肾两虚之咳喘。可以本品补肺气,益肾精,纳气平喘,单用有效,亦可与补肺益肾,止咳平喘药配人参、蛤蚧、冬虫夏草、胡桃肉、五味子等同用。       
 
 【用法用量】研末装胶囊服,1.5~3g,也可入丸、散。如用鲜胎盘,每次半个至一个,水煮服食。       
 
 【鉴别用药】鹿茸与紫河车皆能补肾阳,益精血,为滋补强壮之要药。鹿茸补阳        力强,为峻补之品,用于肾阳虚之重证;且使阳生阴长,而用于精血亏虚诸证;紫河车养阴力强,而使阴长阳生,兼能大补气血,用于气血不足,虚损劳伤诸证。       
 
【使用注意】阴虚火旺不宜单独应用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《本草拾遗》:“治血气羸瘦,妇人劳损,面黑干皮黑,腹内诸病渐瘦悴者。       
 
 2.《本草纲目》:“治男女一切虚损劳极,癫痫失志恍惚,安神养血,益气补精。”       
 
3.《本草经疏》:“人胞乃补阴阳两虚之药,有反本还原之功。然而阴虚精涸,水不制火,发为咳嗽吐血,骨蒸盗汗等证,此属阳盛阴虚,法当壮水之主,以制阳光,不宜服此并补之剂。以耗将竭之阴也。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:胎盘球蛋白质制品中含有多种抗体,在临床上长期采用以被动免疫。人胎盘中还含有干扰素,有抑制多种病毒对人细胞的作用,以及含有能抑制流感病毒的巨球蛋白,称β-抑制因子。人胎盘中含有的激素有:促性腺激素A和B,催乳素,促甲状腺激素,催产素样物质,多种甾体激素等。人胎盘中含有多种有应用价值的酶,如溶菌酶、激肽酶等。      
 
  2.药理作用:胎盘含绒毛膜促性腺激素,有促进乳腺和女性生殖器官发育的功能,尚含多种酶系统,参与甾体激素如雌激素及黄体酮的代谢,影响月经周期,胎盘球蛋白由胎儿胎盘及产后血液中提取而得,主要成分是丙种球蛋白,含有抗某些传染病的抗体,因此是一种免疫制剂,胎盘中含有多种酶系统,增强机体抵抗力,具免疫及抗过敏作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:应用缩尿止遗散治疗少儿遗尿症有效(中药材,1995,(6):321);河车大造丸加减方可治疗咳喘(浙江中医学院学报,1993,17(1):23);用仙灵脾、紫河车为主治疗更年期综合症结果满意(新中医,1994,26(12):42);单用紫河车治疗顽固性胃及十二指肠球部溃疡有显效(江西中医药,2002,33(1):56)。      
 
  附药 脐带        即胎儿脐带。系将新鲜脐带洗净,用金银花、甘草及黄酒同煮,烘干入药。性味甘、咸,温。归肾经。功能补肾,纳气,敛汗。常与人参、熟地黄等同用,治疗肾虚喘咳、盗汗等症。可单用炖服,或研末冲服。煎服用量1~2条,研末用量1.5~3g。       

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