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Zisuzi (Basil seed /Perilla Fruit)---紫苏子(powder100g/bottle)

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$15.74
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Product Description

zisuzi-yuantai-l.jpg010.png

It is the dried ripe fruit of Perilla frutescens(L.)Britt.,family Labiatae. The fruits are collected in autumn when they are ripe. They are dried in the sunshine after the impurities are removed. The raw or slightly stir-baked ones are used after being pounded.

[ Medicinal Properties ]: Pungent and warm; relate to lung and large intestine meridians.

[ Medicinal Efficacies ]: Direct qi downward and resolve phlegm; relieve cough and dyspnea; moisten intestine and release bowls.

[ Clinical Applications ]: 1. Phlegm accumulation, adverse rise of qi, cough and dyspnea      It treats phlegm accumlation and adverse rise of qi causing cough and dyspnea, usually in combination with Baijiezi and Laifuzi in Sanzi Yangqin Decoction; for upper excess and lower deficiency manifested as prolonged cough with sputum and dyspnea, it is used together with Rougui, Houpo and Banxia, such as Suzi Jiangqi Decoction.

2. Intestinal dryness with constipation      It is usually combined with Huomaren Gualouren and Xingren.

[ Usage and Dosage ]: 3-9g.

[ Medicinal Comparison ]: Similarities: Kuxinngren and Zisuzi can direct qi downward, relieve cough and dyspnea, moisten intestine and release bowls, so they mainly treat cough and dyspnea due to adverse rise of lung qi and constipatin due to dry intestine.

 Differences:Kuxiangren also ventilates lung and is combined to treat cough and dyspnea caused by many factors since it has milder warm nature. Zisuzi also resolves phlegm and treats phlegm of cold type since it has stronger warm nature.

紫苏子为唇形科植物紫苏Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt的成熟果实。主产于江苏、安徽、河南等地。秋季果实成熟时采收,晒干。生用或微炒,用时捣碎。

       【药性】辛,温。归肺,大肠经。        【功效】降气化痰,止咳平喘,润肠通便。       
 
【应用】 1.咳喘痰多。本品性主降,长于降肺气,化痰涎,气降痰消则咳喘自平。用治痰壅气逆,咳嗽气喘,痰多胸痞,甚则不能平卧之证,常配白芥子、莱菔子,如三子养亲汤(《韩氏医通》)。若上盛下虚之久咳痰喘,则配肉桂、当归、厚朴等温肾化痰下气之品,如《和剂局方》苏子降气汤。       
 
2.肠燥便秘。本品富含油脂,能润燥滑肠,又能降泄肺气以助大肠传导。常配杏仁、火麻仁、瓜蒌仁等,如紫苏麻仁粥(《济生方》)。       
 
【用法用量】煎服,5~1Og;煮粥食或入丸、散。        【使用注意】阴虚喘咳及脾虚便溏者慎用。       
 
【古籍摘要】        1.《名医别录》:“主下气,除寒温中。”       
 
2.《药品化义》:“苏子主降,味辛气香主散,降而且散,故专利郁痰。咳逆则气升,喘急则肺胀,以此下气定喘。膈热则痰壅,痰结则闷痛,以此豁痰散结。如气郁不舒,乃风寒客犯肺经,久遏不散,则邪气与真气相持,致饮食不进,痰嗽发热,似弱非弱,以此清气开郁,大为有效。”       
 
3.《本经逢原》:“性能下气,故胸膈不利者宜之……为除喘定嗽,消痰顺气之良剂。但性主疏泄,气虚久嗽,阴虚喘逆,脾虚便溏者皆不可用。”       
 
【现代研究】        1.化学成分:本品含脂肪油(油中主要不饱和脂肪酸及亚油酸,亚麻酸)及蛋白质、维生素B1、氨基酸类等。       
 
 2.药理作用:紫苏油有明显的降血脂作用,给易于卒中的自发性高血压大鼠喂紫苏油可延长其存活率,使生存时间延长。紫苏油还可提高实验动物的学习能力。实验证实其有抗癌作用。       
 
 3.临床研究:生紫苏子捣碎或嚼烂空腹服,治疗肠道蛔虫病100例,服药后排出蛔虫者92例(四川中医,1986,8:47);对74例高脂血症患者进行了苏子油胶囊和月见草油胶囊双盲对照观察,苏子油胶囊降胆固醇及甘油三酯有效率均高于月见草油胶囊组。结果显示苏子油对阴虚阳亢型高脂血症更为适宜。(辽宁中医杂志,1999,3:135)。       
 
【其他】同科植物白苏的果实,与紫苏子功效基本相同,亦入药,名玉苏子。

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